Name: ____________________________________________ Period: _____ WWII Quiz Review Two long term causes of WWII were ___________________________ and ____________________. Before the war began Hitler took the ______________________ which was part of France, all of _______________________ and part of __________________________ before Britain and France called a meeting at Munich, Germany. The Munich Agreement said that Germany would keep the territory she had taken if ____________________________________. The immediate cause of WWII was when _______________________________________________. The tactic of blitzkrieg or, _______________ ________ was very effective. The date WWII began was ______________________ _____ _______. The Axis powers were ___________________, _________________, & ____________________. The Allies were ___________________, ___________________, ______________ & after 1941 ________________. By 1941 ___________________ had over run most of Western ______________ except for ______________ _____________________. Hitler broke the ___________ ___________ Pact in 1941 by invading the __________ __________. Japan invaded the Chinese province of ______________________ in 1931 in search of raw materials. By 1941, Japan had conquered much of coastal Asia and the islands in the Pacific. The U.S. tried to stop the aggression by placing an ____________________ on oil and scrap metal. FDR also froze Japanese __________________ in U.S. banks. In response the Japanese attacked the U.S. at _______________ ____________, ___________ on __________________ ____, _________. FDR addressed ______________________ in a special session the next day. He said, “yesterday, __________________ ____, _________ is a date that will live in _________________. He asked Congress to __________________ ____________ on Germany and the Axis. Congress did. The U.S. had already been helping the Allies by Congress passing the ____________ ________ _______ allowing the U.S. to sell arms to the Allies. FDR and the British Prime Minister, _____________________ ___________________ met to discuss post war goals. They wrote the __________________ ________________ in which they agree to take no territory after the war. They also discussed free elections and forming a _________________ ________________. The Allies, with American help decided to liberate North ______________ first to be able to have a base to launch an invasion into ____________. By 1944, _____________________ and the Italian government had been captured. Now the Allies could focus on defeating Germany. _____ _________ was the code name for the invasion of ________________, France. The attack took place on _____________ _____, _______. It was the beginning of the end for the Nazis. Meanwhile in the Pacific, the Battle of ____________ in June 1942 was a turning point in the war as the Japanese lost and never took ground again. Now the Allies strategy was to take back the Japanese held islands in the Pacific. ________________ _____________, or taking some Japanese held islands and going around others was meant to keep the Japanese “on their toes”. The Japanese were willing to suffer tremendous loss of life. They used a tactic known as ___________________ attacks in which pilots committed suicide in order to kill more Americans. The U.S. liberated the Philippines in 1944. We uncovered terrible torture of American and Filipino prisoners of war known as the _______________ ____________ _______________. The invasion of __________ ___________ in February 1945 cost the Americans 23,000 lives. American Marines raised the American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi signaling their victory. President ________________ took over after the death of FDR in April 1945. He learned of the atomic bomb program called the ____________________ ____________. Truman and the Allies issued one last ultimatum to the Japanese, surrender or face utter destruction. The Japanese did not surrender. On ________________ ____, 1945 the first atomic bomb in warfare was dropped by the Enola Gay on _____________________ Japan. While 70,0000 people died the Japanese did not surrender. On August _____, 1945 a second atomic bomb was dropped on ___________________ Japan killing an additional 40,000 Japanese. The Japanese surrender on ____________ ____, 1945 known as ___-___ Day. On September 2, 1945 the Japanese and American forces met on the _________ ___________ to sign the official letter of surrender.