* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Survey

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Rational trigonometry wikipedia, lookup

Surface (topology) wikipedia, lookup

Conic section wikipedia, lookup

Cardinal direction wikipedia, lookup

Euclidean geometry wikipedia, lookup

Perspective (graphical) wikipedia, lookup

Dessin d'enfant wikipedia, lookup

Problem of Apollonius wikipedia, lookup

Möbius transformation wikipedia, lookup

Projective plane wikipedia, lookup

Lie sphere geometry wikipedia, lookup

Stereographic projection wikipedia, lookup

Transcript

MATH 131 Assignment 3 Adrian Ilie Show that this pair of statements is incorrect as stated and then expand them to make them correct on planes and spheres: Two points determine a unique straight line. Two straight lines determine a unique point. On a plane, two points determine a unique straight line. However, on a sphere, this is not always true. If the two points are situated at opposite ends of a sphere’s diameter, then they determine an infinity of great circles, which are the correspondent to straight lines in spherical geometry. So, the first statement should be reformulated as follows: On a plane two points determine a unique straight line; on a sphere they determine a unique great circle unless they are at the opposite ends of one of the sphere’s diameters. On a plane, two non-parallel lines determine a unique point, the point where they intersect. Two parallel lines do not intersect (they “intersect at infinity”), so they do not determine a point. On a sphere, there are no parallel great circles, and two great circles always intersect in two points situated at opposite ends of one of the sphere’s diameters. The second statement should then be reformulated as follows: On a plane two non-parallel lines determine a unique point; on a sphere two great circles determine two points situated at the opposite ends of one of the sphere’s diameters.