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Study Guide Chapter 12
World War I
o Both Italy and Germany became unified nations in the 1800’s
o Nationalists thought nations should be formed based on people
who share common heritage, language and customs
o Alliances were formed to keep peace
o Nationalism caused competition between nations
o The Triple Alliance was made up of Austria-Hungry, Italy, and
o The Triple Entente was made up of Britain, France, and Russia
o World War I would be the largest war Europe and world had ever
o Airplanes, zeppelins, U-boats, tanks, and machine guns were used
in World War I
o The strips of land between trenches were called no-man’s-land
o World War I was fought on 2 fronts
o World War I started in 1914
o Zeppelins were large, gas filled blimps that dropped bombs from
the sky
o War of attrition is a war based on wearing the other side down
o World War I was a war of attrition
o The Bolsheviks renamed themselves Communists
o Russia was totally unprepared to enter World War I
o Nicholas II was forced to step down as the czar of Russia
o Russia stayed in World War I to keep its honor
o In 1922, Russia was named the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
o President Wilson’s plan for peace was called the Fourteen Points
o The Allies forced Germany to take responsibility for World War I
o The armistice is an agreement to end fighting
o More than 40 nations joined the league of nations
o The Treaty of Versailles changed the map of the Eastern Europe