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Transcript
Name:
Honors World History – Mr. Snead
Athens Academy- Fall 2007
First Civilizations Study Guide: The Hebrews
VOCABULARY
Hebrews
Phoenicians
Abraham
Moses
Exodus
David
Solomon
Nebuchadnezzar
Yahweh
Ark of the Covenant
Ten Commandments
Assyrians
Persians
Prophets
Tanak
Monotheism
Canaanites
Judges
Israel/Judah
Palestine
Jebus/Jerusalem
Philistines
Saul
Temple of Solomon
Rehoboam
Babylonian Captivity
Politeuma
Diaspora
“El”
Covenant
Henotheists
Animism
Jeremiah, Isaiah, Hosea
Ezra & Nehemiah
Pharisees
Sadducces
Essenes
Dead Sea Scrolls
Deuteronomic Code
Torah
Jacob
Joseph
Judaism
Aramaeans
QUESTIONS
1. How did the Hebrew state and religion differ from that of the Sumerians and the Egyptians?
2. Discuss the development of Israel under David and Solomon.
3. Trace the development of the Hebrew concept of God. (Hint: 5 Stages)
4. How were the laws of the Hebrews different from laws found in the Code of Hammurabi?
5. Explain some of the basic fundamentals of Judaism.
6. List and explain six main contributions of the Hebrews for Western Civilization.
7. What role does the Hebrew Bible, more specifically the Torah, play in providing a history of the Ancient
Hebrew civilization?
8. How did the influence of external forces (& civilizations) aid in the decline of the Hebrew Civilization
from 1000 BCE – 70 CE? (Be sure to give examples.)
9. How has Judaism changed since the days of the ancient world?
10. Compare and contrast the contributions of Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Hebrews on Western
Civilization.
11. Describe the Hebrew concept of the individual and moral autonomy.
12. Analyze the following statement: The Jews valued the future as well as the past. How does this
statement explain the importance of their personal history?
13.
Who were the prophets? What did they achieve for the Hebrews?
14. Be able to trace the history of the Hebrew people from Abraham (2000 BCE) until the
Diaspora (70 CE).
Palestine
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
Canaanites & Phoenicians
a. Canaanites proceeded the Israelites in Palestine
i. Forced out into Phoenicia around 1200 BCE
b. Phoenicians became a sophisticated urban and commercial power
i. Great naval expertise
The Old testament as a Historical Source
a. Useful, not always literal, historical document
b. Writers creatively used traditional materials and emphasized one god and
the human relationship with him
The Early Israelites
a. Migrated into parts of Near East and Egypt (1800-1200)
b. Moses unified many of these tribes under one god, Yahweh, and a
complex code of ethically based laws
c. Women restricted in early Israelite society
The Israelite Monarchy
a. Tribes successfully invaded Canaanite territory and formed a central
government under a strong series of kings
i. Saul, David, and Solomon
b. Kingdom split into two parts (Israel & Judah)
i. North conquered by Assyrians (722)
ii. South fell to Chaldeans (586)
The Faith and the Prophets
a. Religion shaped by a series of prophets
i. Emphasized corruption
ii. Organized sacred writings
The Jewish Legacy
a. Traditions and religious beliefs
i. Faith/History
ii. Law
iii. Monotheism