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Nutrition and Cancer
How to prevent cancer risk
through adopting a healthy
lifestyle?
Cancer Statistics
• Cancer is the
second-leading
cause of death in the
U.S.
• Cancer is responsible
for 1 of every 4
deaths in the U.S.
Prevention
• Smoking causes cancer.
• In 2005, 175,000 deaths from tobacco
use.
• Sun damage causes cancer.
• In 2005, 1 million new cases of skin
cancer.
Cancer
One third of all cancer deaths
are related to:
• poor nutrition
• physical inactivity
• unhealthy weight
What is Cancer?
• A condition where cells become
abnormal.
• There are variety of causes of
cancer.
To Prevent Cancer…
• Do not smoke.
• Eat a variety of healthy foods, with an
emphasis on plant sources.
• Be physically active.
• Maintain a healthy weight throughout
life.
• Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic
beverages.
Teen Smoking
• If a person does not
start smoking before
they graduate from
high school, odds are
they never will.
Teen Smoking
• New research shows that teens can get
hooked on nicotine more quickly than adults.
• But all they are getting hooked on is…
• formaldehyde, which is used to
preserve dead frogs
• cyanide, which is found in rat
poison
• nicotine, which is the addictive
substance and a potent insecticide
Healthy Foods
Choose:
• A variety of 5 or more servings of fruits
and vegetables.
• Whole grains over processed grains
and sugars.
• Low-fat, unprocessed meats.
• Foods that help maintain a healthy
weight.
Healthy Foods
Most of all…Choose a low-fat diet!!!
Which is healthier?
A baked potato or French fries?
White bread or Wheat
bread?
Peach pie or Fresh
peaches?
Which is Healthier?
Steak or Chicken?
Olive oil or Butter?
Orange Juice or Coke?
Why eat a variety of Fruits and
Vegetables?
Antioxidants!!!
• These chemicals help reduce risk of
certain cancers.
• They are found in high concentrations in
very colorful fruits and vegetables,
such as blueberries, broccoli, spinach,
citrus fruits, cauliflower, tomatoes and
tomato products, and pumpkin.
Why eat a variety of Fruits and
Vegetables?
Also…
• They provide fiber.
• They are low calorie and low-fat.
• They provide vitamins and minerals to
help your body grow.
Be Physically Active
• Engage in 60 minutes of physical
activity at least 5 days a week.
Tips to be more Active
• Use stairs instead of elevators or
escalators.
• If possible, walk or bike to your
destination.
• Go dancing with friends.
• Join a sports team.
• Exercise after school with your family or
friends.
Maintain a Healthy Weight
• Balance calorie intake with physical
activity.
• Lose weight if needed.
Which is healthier?
Limit Consumption of Alcohol
For adults,
• Men should have no more than 2
drinks.
• Women should have no more than 1
drink.
A drink is considered to be a 12oz. beer,
4oz. glass of wine, or 1oz. shot of heavy
liquor.
Alcohol and Cancer
Alcohol consumption has been tied to the
following cancers:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Mouth
Pharynx
Larynx
Esophagus
Liver
Breast
Remember!!!!
To prevent cancer…
• Do not smoke.
• Eat a variety of healthy foods.
• Be physically active.
• Maintain a healthy body weight.
• Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic
beverages.