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Nutrition and Cancer How to prevent cancer risk through adopting a healthy lifestyle? Cancer Statistics • Cancer is the second-leading cause of death in the U.S. • Cancer is responsible for 1 of every 4 deaths in the U.S. Prevention • Smoking causes cancer. • In 2005, 175,000 deaths from tobacco use. • Sun damage causes cancer. • In 2005, 1 million new cases of skin cancer. Cancer One third of all cancer deaths are related to: • poor nutrition • physical inactivity • unhealthy weight What is Cancer? • A condition where cells become abnormal. • There are variety of causes of cancer. To Prevent Cancer… • Do not smoke. • Eat a variety of healthy foods, with an emphasis on plant sources. • Be physically active. • Maintain a healthy weight throughout life. • Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic beverages. Teen Smoking • If a person does not start smoking before they graduate from high school, odds are they never will. Teen Smoking • New research shows that teens can get hooked on nicotine more quickly than adults. • But all they are getting hooked on is… • formaldehyde, which is used to preserve dead frogs • cyanide, which is found in rat poison • nicotine, which is the addictive substance and a potent insecticide Healthy Foods Choose: • A variety of 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables. • Whole grains over processed grains and sugars. • Low-fat, unprocessed meats. • Foods that help maintain a healthy weight. Healthy Foods Most of all…Choose a low-fat diet!!! Which is healthier? A baked potato or French fries? White bread or Wheat bread? Peach pie or Fresh peaches? Which is Healthier? Steak or Chicken? Olive oil or Butter? Orange Juice or Coke? Why eat a variety of Fruits and Vegetables? Antioxidants!!! • These chemicals help reduce risk of certain cancers. • They are found in high concentrations in very colorful fruits and vegetables, such as blueberries, broccoli, spinach, citrus fruits, cauliflower, tomatoes and tomato products, and pumpkin. Why eat a variety of Fruits and Vegetables? Also… • They provide fiber. • They are low calorie and low-fat. • They provide vitamins and minerals to help your body grow. Be Physically Active • Engage in 60 minutes of physical activity at least 5 days a week. Tips to be more Active • Use stairs instead of elevators or escalators. • If possible, walk or bike to your destination. • Go dancing with friends. • Join a sports team. • Exercise after school with your family or friends. Maintain a Healthy Weight • Balance calorie intake with physical activity. • Lose weight if needed. Which is healthier? Limit Consumption of Alcohol For adults, • Men should have no more than 2 drinks. • Women should have no more than 1 drink. A drink is considered to be a 12oz. beer, 4oz. glass of wine, or 1oz. shot of heavy liquor. Alcohol and Cancer Alcohol consumption has been tied to the following cancers: • • • • • • Mouth Pharynx Larynx Esophagus Liver Breast Remember!!!! To prevent cancer… • Do not smoke. • Eat a variety of healthy foods. • Be physically active. • Maintain a healthy body weight. • Avoid or limit consumption of alcoholic beverages.