Op Amp Applications Handbook
... beyond early IC developments to the preceding period of solid-state amplifiers in modular form, with links
to the even earlier era of vacuum tube op amps and analog computers, where the operational amplifier began.
This book brings some new perspectives to op amp applications. It adds insight into o ...
Pipelined ADC Enhancement Techniques
... by more than 20dB within only 104 clock cycles in an 11-bit 45MS/s pipelined ADC - more
than two orders of magnitude faster than previously published reports. The second technique
develops a new MDAC topology which enables a pipelined ADC to be designed without a
front-end sample-and-hold, and thus ...
SimCoder User Manual
... To convert an analog controller into a digital controller, one can use the s2z Converter program that comes with
the Digital Control Module. To launch the program, in PSIM, choose Utilities >> s2z Converter.
Different conversion methods can be used to convert an analog controller to a digital contro ...
PC3000 Complete Installation guide iss 12 - Elektro
... In temperature control applications for example , the primary danger may be that the heating will remain
constantly on. Apart from spoiling the product, this could damage any process machinery being controlled, or
even cause a fire, or explosion.
Considering the heating example, there are many reaso ...
Minimizing the Noise Penalty Due to Mutual Coupling for a
... can be achieved by noise matching to active impedances
or active reflection coefficients for a given beam steering
direction. The use of the active impedance in determining
the amplifier noise for a phased array was studied by
Craeye et al. . A particularly important result in
the theory of nois ...
8508A Service Manual Reference Multimeter
... Each Fluke product is warranted to be free from defects in material and workmanship under normal use and
service. The warranty period is one year and begins on the date of shipment. Parts, product repairs, and
services are warranted for 90 days. This warranty extends only to the original buyer or en ...
TUSB8041-Q1 Automotive Four-Port USB 3.0 Hub
... The TUSB8041-Q1 supports per port or ganged power switching and over-current protection, and supports
battery charging applications.
An individually port power controlled hub switches power on or off to each downstream port as requested by the
USB host. Also when an individually port power controlle ...
DC Parameters: Input Offset Voltage (VIO)
... Substituting bipolar NPN transistors for Q1 and Q2 in the circuit of Figure 4, and setting R = RC
provides the basic NPN bipolar differential input circuit shown in Figure 5a. Small resistors may
also be placed at the emitter of the devices to improve linearity and speed at the cost of
increased noi ...
Scattering parameters or S-parameters (the elements of a scattering matrix or S-matrix) describe the electrical behavior of linear electrical networks when undergoing various steady state stimuli by electrical signals.The parameters are useful for electrical engineering, electronics engineering, and communication systems design, and especially for microwave engineering.The S-parameters are members of a family of similar parameters, other examples being: Y-parameters, Z-parameters, H-parameters, T-parameters or ABCD-parameters. They differ from these, in the sense that S-parameters do not use open or short circuit conditions to characterize a linear electrical network; instead, matched loads are used. These terminations are much easier to use at high signal frequencies than open-circuit and short-circuit terminations. Moreover, the quantities are measured in terms of power.Many electrical properties of networks of components (inductors, capacitors, resistors) may be expressed using S-parameters, such as gain, return loss, voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), reflection coefficient and amplifier stability. The term 'scattering' is more common to optical engineering than RF engineering, referring to the effect observed when a plane electromagnetic wave is incident on an obstruction or passes across dissimilar dielectric media. In the context of S-parameters, scattering refers to the way in which the traveling currents and voltages in a transmission line are affected when they meet a discontinuity caused by the insertion of a network into the transmission line. This is equivalent to the wave meeting an impedance differing from the line's characteristic impedance.Although applicable at any frequency, S-parameters are mostly used for networks operating at radio frequency (RF) and microwave frequencies where signal power and energy considerations are more easily quantified than currents and voltages. S-parameters change with the measurement frequency, so frequency must be specified for any S-parameter measurements stated, in addition to the characteristic impedance or system impedance.S-parameters are readily represented in matrix form and obey the rules of matrix algebra.