... Which is worse: being socially attacked or rejected? We sought to answer that question by having participants imagine
themselves in scenarios where they were excluded, aggressed upon or included by other group members. We found
that overall, being excluded is indeed more threatening to fundamental n ...
Non-Suicidal Self-Injury: The Movie Industry`s Influence on Its Stigma
... have increased, as have depictions of NSSI in the media. Therefore, some researchers believe that increased media exposure
is contributing to increased rates of NSSI. Research has shown
that NSSI is a coping mechanism and/or a cry for help among
those who display such behaviors. However, studies als ...
PSPB in press 2017 - Open Research Exeter
... Ambivalence frequency. Seven items assessed respondents’ meta-perceptions of
how frequently they experience ambivalence (α=.78). The items’ development was guided
by research examining individuals’ feelings of ambivalence (see Newby-Clark, McGregor, &
Zanna, 2002). A sample item is “I often have mix ...
02whole - Massey Research Online
... viewers’ attention to some specific features and to downplay other relevant aspects
(Harris, 2004). By framing media images of poverty in other countries, the media are
able to direct how perceivers attend to and comprehend information in certain ways
(Entman, 1995). For example, information about t ...
Malleability of Attitudes or Malleability of the IAT?
... even their mere awareness of others’ attitudes. Social forces have long been known to produce
not only public compliance, but also private acceptance, at least under certain specifiable
conditions (e.g., Deutsch & Gerard, 1955). Informational social influence is undoubtedly a
powerful force, as is d ...
Beyond Use: Understanding Evaluation`s Influence on Attitudes and
... likely to operate in a variety of evaluation contexts. These concepts can be adapted, however,
to develop more specific, local theories of evaluation influence for a given evaluation. Not
all evaluations will reach or attempt to reach their goals through similar pathways, and few
if any will involve ...
Bordens - Social Psychology 3e HQ
... and theoretical areas in social psychology in a concise fashion. In the second
edition, we strayed a bit from that original goal but succeeded in writing a solid,
research-based text for the introductory social psychology course. In this third
edition, we have returned to our original goal and have ...
... – to think about death – because they no longer had to care for their own homes.
Additionally, they found themselves surrounded by people in a situation similar to their own:
they were basically moving into the retirement home to prepare for death. The prevalence of
elderly people facilitated discus ...
Durham Research Online
... 2000, p.1); a physical mark denoting shame or disgrace (Goffman, 1963). According to Henry
and Caldwell (2006, p.1033) stigmatization is part of the fabric of everyday life as people
conform to a greater or lesser degree to social norms. The core feature of stigma is that an
individual possesses an ...
Program PDF - SPSP - Society for Personality and Social Psychology
... Leary, Chair of this year's Program Committee, who managed to find space in what appeared to be a full
schedule for even more presentations. Finally, we are grateful to Tara Miller Events for expert handling of
aspects of the meeting that required knowledge, experience, and credibility that graduate ...
Secure and Defensive High Self
... suggest some individuals with positive self-views possess deepseated self-doubts and insecurities at less conscious levels, this
belief has remained largely conjectural. Indeed, it is a difficult
proposition to test. It requires researchers to assess aspects of
personality to which target individual ...
Reacting to an Assumed Situation vs. Conforming
... that this predicament did not seem to elicit
personal discomfort, as personal dissonance
does, but instead vicarious discomfort, the discomfort one imagines experiencing in the
speaker’s place, and that it was this latter form
of discomfort that was reduced by attitude
change(Elliot & Devine, 1994). ...
Full Text - University of British Columbia
... compensate for this meaning threat by affirming a viable meaning framework made available to
them. Previously, we have demonstrated that absurd literature and manipulations of self-disunity
lead people to abstract novel meaning frameworks better (they learn an implicit grammar better,
Proulx & Heine ...
The Influence of Perceptual Accuracy on Willingness to Seek Help
... those attitudes and behaviors to ourselves (Schofield, Pattison, Hill, & Borland, 2001). When
we identify with a particular group, often, our social identity (vs. personal identity) is evoked
and we act and think in ways that are consistent with the group norms rather than personal
beliefs. The nor ...
Myers` Psychology for AP®, 2e
... of our thoughts (cognitions) are
inconsistent. For example, when we
become aware that our attitudes and our
actions clash, we can reduce the resulting
dissonance by changing our attitudes.
CHAPTER 16 - SOCIAL BEHAVIOR - EXAM
... d. least common denominator effect
In regards to interpersonal attraction, which of the following sayings is most accurate?
a. opposites attract
b. he who hesitates is lost
c. to know me is to love me
d. birds of a feather flock together
Steve and Stacey have been a couple for several years. Their l ...
Brandon Robert Brace Faculty Sponsor: Dr. Christopher Leone
... What would compel people to quit their jobs and join our military? Why would
other people spend time away from work or family so they may protest outside public
offices? Why would people engage in extreme actions based on their extreme attitudes?
Some researchers suggest one explanation being self-g ...
The Malleability of Automatic - Homepages | The University of
... single test is sure to have some flaws or can be disregarded as a special case. Many and diverse tests, on the
other hand, ought to be more convincing. More important, a review can highlight important issues and areas
of interest for future research. At the conclusion of the
review, a model of early ...
... changes his or her belief as a consequence of thinking long and hard
about arguments made by another individual. A second route is via
lower-level cognitive processes — an individual changes his or her
belief as a consequence of relatively uninspired thinking. By this latter route, cues that have li ...
Reducing mental illness stigma through perspective-taking
... These programs have their roots deep in social psychology with Allport‖s original
(1954) intergroup contact hypothesis. Many of Allport‖s ideas have since been corroborated
by modern research, including the notion that contact interventions must include specific
“conditions” to create change, such a ...
How Mimicry Affects Executive and Self
... Tasks used in this paradigm implicate the part of the self that
“makes decisions, initiates actions, and in other ways exerts control over both self and environment” (Baumeister, 1998, p. 712).
Performing a task that depletes self-regulatory resources (vs. one
that does not) predicts poorer performa ...
The Persuasive Role of Incidental Similarity on Attitudes and
... was promoting a personal training program for potential gym
members and needed feedback on their program. After signing a consent form, participants were given a brochure containing basic information about the program and a minibiography of the personal trainer. The short biography
described the tra ...
Easier Done Than Undone
... of Automatic Attitudes
The picture is far from one-sided however. Much empirical
evidence also attests to the remarkable malleability of automatic
attitudes (for a review, see Blair, 2002). For example, Dasgupta
and Greenwald (2001) found that White participants exposed to
favorable exemplars of Bla ...
... Answer: b. The driver is a jerk.
Rationale: According to the fundamental attribution error, we overestimate enduring characteristics
and attribute too much of people’s behavior to who they are and not what’s going on around them.
11.1-15. Mel is listening to a political candidate promote a new healt ...
Conformity is the act of matching attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to group norms. Norms are implicit, unsaid rules, shared by a group of individuals, that guide their interactions with others. This tendency to conform occurs in small groups and/or society as a whole, and may result from subtle unconscious influences, or direct and overt social pressure. Conformity can occur in the presence of others, or when an individual is alone. For example, people tend to follow social norms when eating or watching television, even when alone.People often conform from a desire for security within a group—typically a group of a similar age, culture, religion, or educational status. This is often referred to as groupthink: a pattern of thought characterized by self-deception, forced manufacture of consent, and conformity to group values and ethics, which ignores realistic appraisal of other courses of action. Unwillingness to conform carries the risk of social rejection. Conformity is often associated with adolescence and youth culture, but strongly affects humans of all ages.Although peer pressure may manifest negatively, conformity can have good or bad effects depending on the situation. Driving on the correct side of the road could be seen as beneficial conformity. With the right environmental influence, conforming, in early childhood years, allows one to learn and thus, adopt the appropriate behaviours necessary to interact and develop correctly within one's society. Conformity influences formation and maintenance of social norms, and helps societies function smoothly and predictably via the self-elimination of behaviors seen as contrary to unwritten rules. In this sense it can be perceived as a positive force that prevents acts that are perceptually disruptive or dangerous.As conformity is a group phenomenon, factors such as group size, unanimity, cohesion, status, prior commitment and public opinion help determine the level of conformity an individual displays.