Depressive Rumination: Nature, Theory and Treatment
... Rumination is a class of conscious thoughts that revolve around a common instrumental theme and that recur in the absence of immediate environmental demands
requiring the thoughts. Although the occurrence of these thoughts does not depend
on direct cueing by the external environment, indirect cueing ...
... As mentioned in Chapter , bipolar disorder is an ancient condition that
has been described, in various forms, for centuries if not millennia. Nearly
3,000-year-old biblical writings depict depressive- and manic-like rages as
expressions of “evil spirits.” The ancient Greeks recognized both depress ...
posttraumatic stress and adaptation in patients following acute
... Acute Cardiac Events‘ (TRACE) study. Although most commonly diagnosed in
individuals that have experienced traumatic events such as war, natural disasters or
assault, there is now increasing evidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in
individuals after onset, diagnosis, or treatment for phys ...
Copyright by Tonya Lynn Kellerman 2005
... episodic illness but fail to meet strict criteria for mania because episodes are too short or
because they lack the hallmark symptom of elevated mood. Most broadly, the child may
have a chronic non-episodic illness that lacks the hallmark symptoms of euphoria and
grandiosity but that has symptoms of ...
- UCL Discovery
... & Scheier, 1978) to account for anxious states and anxiety disorders. It will be
argued that existing models are too non-specific, with similar accounts having been
put forward across different disorders, reducing the explanatory power o f the
framework. Therefore two novel distinctions will be put ...
Preventing Generalized Anxiety Disorder in an At
... high base rates of some disorders; Brown, et al., 2001). Thus, questions have been
raised regarding the diagnostic validity of standard criteria, actual prevalence in the
general population, and the meaning and implications of comorbid anxiety and
In a large-scale study of como ...
... 2001a, 2001b). Gilbert and Allan (1998) argue that the motivation to escape, central to
entrapment, distinguishes it from related concepts like learned helplessness.
In humans, a sense of entrapment may be associated with stressful life events or
circumstances that are particularly chronic and ongoi ...
A n e
... among the sample (46% lifetime prevalence; 36% 12-month prevalence). No significant
gender differences were found in the rates of DSH. Participants from the combined Asian
and Coloured racial group reported significantly higher rates of DSH than both White and
Black participants. Participants aged 2 ...
Pediatric-Onset Bipolar Disorder - Foundation for Excellence in
... ity may be greater in adolescents than in prepubertal chilonly two cases of type I disorder were identified (apparent
dren, especially given information on family history and
morbid risk < 0.2%). Although the reported risk for adolescent bipolar I disorder is low, this level of risk of conditions
Treatment of Patients With Major Depressive Disorder
... a. Establish and maintain a therapeutic alliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
b. Complete the psychiatric assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
c. Evaluate the safety of th ...
The bidirectionality of the relationship between insomnia, anxiety
... 6.2.1. Bidirectionality across various age groups and cultures ..................................................................161
6.2.2. Bidirectionality across different methods of assessment ................................................................163
6.2.3. Bidirectionality and follow- ...
(g) Adult Bipolar Disorder
... episodes over a lifetime, though some may have many
more or fewer episodes
• Even when optimally treated, the BPD symptoms may
wax and wane significantly
• BPD diagnoses can change (i.e. patients with one type of
bipolar diagnosis and go on to develop another, different
bipolar diagnosis due to chan ...
Of Scaredy Cats and Cold Fish
... between maternal psychiatric symptoms, both pre-and postpartum, and infant heart rate.
Of primary interest is whether psychiatric symptoms experienced by the mother during her
pregnancy influences the infant’s autonomic nervous system after birth. This mirrors ongoing research concerning the hypotha ...
Depression And Bipolar Disorder - Entertainment Industries Council
... heart of all we do: education, resources, and recognition. Education
provides our creative community with a better understanding of
health and social issues and the ways we can each make an impact in addressing these issues.
Resources we develop provide the tools for taking action. Recognition we re ...
Self-Reported Depressive Symptoms and Antisocial
... 126.96.36.199 Prevalence and incidence of adolescent antisocial behaviour ..........42
2.3.5 Development, course and consequences of adolescent
188.8.131.52 Etiology of adolescent antisocial behav ...
Atlas of Bipolar Disorders
... affect multiple neurological and body systems, creating disabilities, pain, and grief that
cannot be explained in simple descriptive terms about a person’s moods and emotions.
This illness has biological, social, and economic repercussions. Periods of frightening
manic and depressive episodes can le ...
... heparin in combination with antibiotics; however, evidence of benefit is lacking.23
Trial of Labor After Cesarean Delivery
The decision by a pregnant woman to attempt a trial
of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) or a planned
ERCD involves balancing individual maternal and neonatal risks, as well ...
As a PDF file - E
... During the 18-month follow-up period 8% of patients attempted suicide. The risk of an
attempt was markedly higher (RR=7.54) during an episode of major depression compared with
a period of remission. Suicide attempt during the follow-up period was predicted by lack
of partner, a history of previous s ...
Anger Intensification With Combat
... combat veterans is routinely observed, but its possible intensification when PTSD and MDD are conjoined has not been examined.
If such intensification of anger were to be found, then that would
have relevance for violence prevention because multiple studies
have shown that anger is predictive of vio ...
Preeclampsia–Eclampsia | SpringerLink
... The FOGSI-ICOG NER has brought forth some
revealing trends. Eclampsia prevalence among registry
patients is 1.9 %. National sample surveys in the past have
shown prevalence to be 1–5 %. This is out of the 11,725
deliveries analyzed from the cases reported by 175
reporting centers. Number of cases of ...
META-ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS FOR PTSD
... Comorbid psychological difficulties, acute post-traumatic stress symptoms, and
coping styles are among the factors intrinsic to the child that have been considered as risk
factors for PTSD. Other cognitive (Dalgleish et al., 2005; Meiser-Stedman, 2002; Salmon &
Bryant, 2002) and biological mechanism ...
Distinguishing rumination from worry in clinical insomnia
... Greenall, 2003) have been used there are no validated rumination-speciﬁc measures used in insomnia. If they are indeed similar
processes but with different content, it is possible that differing
treatment strategies might be needed for each. Despite the paucity
of research, some studies have demonst ...
COMPASS Therapeutic Notes on the Management of Chronic
... Problems with adherence to medication during
Adherence to medication in pregnancy can be poor.6
Women may already have stopped taking their
medication when they first present to the GP with the
pregnancy.3 Pregnant women tend to perceive their
teratogenic risk of medications as significan ...
Postpartum depression (PPD), also called postnatal depression, is a type of clinical depression which can affect both sexes after childbirth. Symptoms may include sadness, low energy, changes in sleeping and eating patterns, reduced desire for sex, crying episodes, anxiety, and irritability. While many women experience self-limited, mild symptoms postpartum, postpartum depression should be suspected when symptoms are severe and have lasted over two weeks. In about 1 to 2 per 1,000, postpartum depression results in postpartum psychosis.Although a number of risk factors have been identified, the causes of PPD are not well understood. Hormonal change is hypothesized to contribute as one cause of postpartum depression. The emotional effects of postpartum depression can include sleep deprivation, anxiety about parenthood and caring for an infant, identity crisis, a feeling of loss of control over life, and lack of support from a romantic or sexual partner."" Many women recover with treatment such as a support group, counseling, or medication.Studies report prevalence rates among women from 5% to 25%, but methodological differences among the studies make the actual prevalence rate unclear. Among men, in particular new fathers, the incidence of postpartum depression has been estimated to be between 1% and 25.5%. In the United States, postpartum depression is one of the leading causes of the murder of children less than one year of age which occurs in about 8 per 100,000 births.ReferencesPostpartum major depression occurs in approximately one of 10 childbearing women and is considerably underdiagnosed. If left untreated, the disorder can have serious adverse effects on the mother and her relationship with significant others, and on the child's emotional and psychologic development. A simple screening instrument can be used to increase the detection of postpartum major depression. Although few well-controlled studies have been done to support the use of any one modality, the mainstay of treatment has been antidepressant therapy, alone or in combination with psychotherapy. Plasma concentrations of antidepressant drugs are usually low in the breast-fed infant, and most studies demonstrate that certain antidepressants can be used during lactation without any important adverse effects on the infant.