Heading Glossary of grammatical terms
... ■ conjugation/conjugate
A conjugation is the pattern of a verb’s forms. For
example, the regular verb to talk is conjugated as follows:
infinitive to talk, present tense I talk, he/she talks, past
I talked, perfect I have talked, etc.
A conjunction is a word which links single words,
Unit II Review
... Genitive Defined by the word ‘of”
Possession (the noun which possesses)
Equus agricolae – the horse of the farmer
Partitive – the ‘whole’ from which a part is taken
(copia aquae – a supply of water)
Dative Indirect Object (noun to or for whom action done)
Accusative Direct Object (receives the ...
... word in the main sentence. (i.e. There is no one
who would dare to do such a thing).
Whom or what - Pratt Perfection!
... The dative case is used to express the idea of ‘to’ or ‘for’
someone or something. The indirect object is the person or thing
to whom something is offered, given, etc.
Der Junge gibt dem Mann
‘The boy gives a present to the man.’
‘The boy gives the man a present.’
The English equiva ...
Chapter 11 Notes
... Notice that a lot of these endings look like the ablative case. For now, a good rule to follow is that if a
noun has an ending that could be dative or ablative, look for a preposition, if you see a preposition, it’s
probably ablative, and if there is no preposition, it’s most likely dative. This wil ...
... LATIN I MASTERY LIST
This is the information that you should know at the beginning of second year. We will spend a week or
so reviewing – but it would be a good idea to go over this material before returning to school.
LATIN I MASTERY LIST
... LATIN I MASTERY LIST
This is the information that you should know at the beginning of second year. We will
spend a week or so reviewing – but it would be a good idea to go over this material
before returning to school.
... • the dative case identifies the indirect object
• the accusative case identifies the direct object
Number tells us if there is one or more than one.
Translating Inflected Languages S. Harris Inflected languages are
... morphemes or simply inflections. The inflections indicate to speakers of Old English the
grammatical function of each word in a sentence.
Like all human languages, Old English names something (an object, idea, emotion—
anything with a name), then describes its state of being or activity. Each senten ...
... Genitive is
Genitive plural is
Objective Genitive + Ablative Separation
... Objective Genitive
The objective genitive is used as if it were the object of a
noun or adjective containing some idea of action
o there is a noun/adjective that has an idea of action in it
in English, this will often be an abstract noun
o the word that is the “object” is in the genitive
in En ...
... O Just like English, German has prepositions.
O When a noun follows a preposition, in is
Dative of Nouns, Adjectives and Demostrative Pronouns
... Přišli jsme k tomu pánu, hradu, muži, stroji, městu, moři, znamení, kuřeti.
The Dative of hard adjectives takes the ending --ému for Masculine and Neuter gender:
K dobrému pánu, muži, hradu, stroji, městu, moři, znamení, kuřeti. The Dative of soft adjectives
takes the ending --ímu: K cizímu pánu, hr ...
... Genitive Case
The genitive case is used to show
ownership or possession:
Ex.: The farmer’s horse is big.
Review of the Einführung
... Weil es heute regnet, nehme ich einen Regenschirm.
(Because it’s raining today, I am taking an umbrella)
Dative Case: some verbs require the dative case for nouns which they
govern, e.g., gehören and gefallen
As with the accusative case, nouns in the dative case are marked by
articles, der-words and ...
A Linguistic Exploration of German and French
... Germanic contains three genders
Only contains 4 cases: Nominative,
Accusative, Genitive and Dative
Verbs conjugate into three moods, two
voices, and six tenses
... Write answers to exercises in Grammatiktraining Deutsch; handout provided. You only need to
complete half of each section. For example - if 10 questions, you only need to answer 5.
Check answers with key on p. 100 and make corrections. Use the check list to indicate your comfort
level with the topic ...
the handout on Case Usages
... Dative of Purpose (W443): the dative can be used to express the purpose or effect
of something. When this dative is combined with the dative of reference
(E., above), it produces the DOUBLE DATIVE construction, which is
quite common in Latin, in which two datives appear together, one
expressing a pu ...
... Combinability depends on the lexicalgrammatical meaning
Nouns are associated with qualities (adjectives),
their number and order (numerals),
their actions (verbs ),
Nouns have left-hand connections with articles
(a day), some pronouns (my friend ), most adjectives
(good re ...
German grammar is the grammar of the German language. Although some features of German grammar, such as the formation of some of the verb forms, resemble those of English, German grammar differs from that of English in that it has, among other things, cases and gender in nouns and a strict verb-second word order in main clauses.German has retained many of the grammatical distinctions that other Germanic languages have lost in whole or in part. There are three genders and four cases, and verbs are conjugated for person and number. Accordingly, German has more inflections than English, and uses more suffixes. For example, in comparison to the -s added to third-person singular present-tense verbs in English, most German verbs employ four different suffixes for the conjugation of present-tense verbs, namely -e for the first-person singular, -st for the second-person singular, -t for the third-person singular and for the second-person plural, and -en for the first- and third-person plural.Owing to the gender and case distinctions, the articles have more possible forms. In addition, some prepositions combine with some of the articles.Numerals are similar to other Germanic languages. Unlike English and Swedish, units are placed before tens as in Danish, Dutch, and Norwegian.