Supporting Parents of Teenagers
... Adolescence is a period of significant transition for young people and their
families. During this time, teenagers experience rapid physical, intellectual
and psychosocial change at a pace unrivalled by any other period in their
development except infancy. Some teenagers appear to manage these
- Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive
... Results: The majority of commenters were supportive of “discreet” breastfeeding in public,
but a significant portion felt that breastfeeding in public is always inappropriate.
Sexualization of the breast was mainly evoked as something others may experience while
viewing a breastfeeding mother, rath ...
IFE situations birth issues - tsunami
... breastfeeding may assist mothers to cope better with their difficult circumstances as
breastfeeding decreases mothers’ response to both physical and psychological stress.32 In
addition, since breastfeeding involves close physical contact and the release of the
hormones oxytocin and prolactin promoti ...
File - Training Our Protectors
... education and lower income spank more than parents of
higher SES.10,13,16–18 With regard to physical punishment,
the most commonly identified proximal determinant has
been parental attitudes, which typically derive from how
the parent was raised. Several studies have found that
parents’ child-rearin ...
Post-test (with Answers) - American Academy of Pediatrics
... e) To allow the mother to rest
ANSWER: b. An infant who has been transported, or a mother in the ICU, is an indication to supplement the infant
until breastfeeding or pumping can be established. A fussy baby may need more frequent feedings at the breast, a
diaper change, or simply a cuddle with the ...
Infant Massage Communicating Love Through Touch
... Attachment and Bonding
Bonding, as described by Klaus and Kennell (1982),
refers to “a unique relationship between two people
that is specific and endures through time.” Bonding is
a process that begins for the parents long before the
birth of their baby. Their desire for an infant is often
Contributions of attachment theory and research: A framework for
... attachment figure. Specifically, it is because securely attached
infants are more likely than insecurely attached infants to
have mental representations of caregiver availability and responsiveness that they are able to interpret a threat as manageable and respond to it with less fear and anxiety. I ...
Who Benefits and How Does It Work? Moderators and Mediators of
... terms of intervention effects. On the other hand, they
suggest that parent risk factors predict poorer outcomes,
implying that parenting interventions generally are less
successful at engaging the most distressed and disadvantaged families. In contrast, however, some large recent
trials found no adv ...
Symposium 1A: Amae and Attachment Representations in Children
... differences in representations, expectations, anxieties and prenatal attachment in pregnant
women with secure and insecure organizations of attachment. The women were examined
between 20th and 32nd week of gestation with self-report measures. Attachment organization
was assessed, measuring seven asp ...
Attachment as a Mediator of Eating Disorder
... parenting, becomes torturous. Such temperamentally disposed individuals often grew up with a
narcissistic and/or overly critical (or conversely very emotionally fragile) parent, who demanded
from the child attention and care to their own experience at the expense of seeing and nurturing
their child’ ...
Traumatology, Vol. 8, No. 3 (September 2002)
... zones. We do not know whether there is a normative decrease in aggression in early adolescence also in
violent societies. Nevertheless, from intervention perspective, while conflict resolution and peace
education are important at every age, they might be especially decisive in the middle childhood a ...
Influence of Age and Parental Marital Status on Parent
... Attachment theory identifies a “secure” style and two or three variously conceptualized “insecure” styles, the
mains ones being preoccupied or anxious/ambivalent and avoidant (Shaver & Mikulincer, (2002).
Cohen and Finzi-Datton (2005) found that psycho-educational intervention, during or after divor ...
attachment theory and adult learning
... is a crucial factor in how a child develops. But discussion continues about the
resources mothers bring to parenting and how this compromises the attachments
they would like to forge. The dilemma for parents is how to balance the needs of
the child for secure attachments with increasing social and e ...
II. Later years
... ‘wired In to’ all humans
Imprinting- Form of primitive bonding seen in some species of animals’ the newborn
animal has a tendency to follow the first moving thing it sees after it is born or hatched
Attachment- Emotional bond that develops in the first year of life that makes human
babies cling to t ...
... not allowed to "pass by on the other side" indifferently;
we must "stop" beside him. Everyone who stops beside the
suffering of another person, whatever form it may take, is
a Good Samaritan. This stopping does not mean curiosity
but availability. It is like the opening of a certain interior
... Westerners from people in primitive societies
Stage theories judge people from other cultures
based on how closely they resemble westerners
People from many cultures prefer own groups
and rate them more positively than outsiders
Piaget theory emphasized several concepts
important for cognitive devel ...
Unit 9 Study Guide - Answers
... contact, and familiarity on infant social attachment.
30. The development of a strong emotional bond between
infant and parent is called _____ATTACHMENT____.
31. Harlow’s studies of monkeys have shown that motherinfant attachment does not depend on the mother
providing nourishment as much as it does ...
... – High responsiveness
– High demandingness
– Parenting behaviors
– Sets consistent and reasonable boundaries for children’s
– Uses reason and discussion as first option for discipline
– Low-to-no use of corporal punishment
– Models civil discussion
– Monitors children’s behaviors, peers, e ...
... and another person are viewed by a third person
• Societal, 14 to adult, Adolescents realize that a
third-person perspective is influenced by
broader personal, social, and cultural contexts.
Realize that many would think its silly to watch
TV on a sunny day
Attachment parenting (AP), a phrase coined by pediatrician William Sears, is a parenting philosophy based on the principles of attachment theory in developmental psychology. According to attachment theory, the child forms a strong emotional bond with caregivers during childhood with lifelong consequences. Sensitive and emotionally available parenting helps the child to form a secure attachment style which fosters a child's socio-emotional development and well-being. Less sensitive and emotionally unavailable parenting or neglect of the child's needs may result in insecure forms of attachment style, which is a risk factor for many mental health problems (e.g. depression, anxiety and eating disorders). In extreme and rare conditions, the child may not form an attachment at all and may suffer from reactive attachment disorder. Children who suffer from reactive attachment disorder have often experienced extremely traumatic childhoods with a lot of neglect and abuse. An example of such a case is for children in orphanages in Romania where babies have been known to be left for 18–20 hours by themselves in their cribs. This is a very rare occurrence, however, and most children have formed at least some kind of attachment style. Principles of attachment parenting aim to increase development of a child's secure attachment and decrease insecure attachment.When parents are taught to increase their sensitivity to an infant's needs and signals, this increases the development of the child's attachment security. Sears' specific techniques of attachment parenting remain under study.