... 20. Courts of ______________ are the final appellate courts within the state court system.
21. To members of the public, _____________ are probably the most easily identified
participants in the court system.
22. In the _______________ system, private attorneys whose names appear on a list of
Ethical Issues in Psychotherapy
... – * Moral freedom can be destroyed by mental
• Based on expert testimony from psychiatrist
– Should be directed to determining the defendant’s freedom
limited by the psychological factors
– Why the accused chronic or temporary psychological condition
did or did not render him so unfree
– W ...
... Under the ALI test the defendant must prove by a
pre-ponderance of the evidence of the time of
the crime because of a mental disorder, he
lacked substantial capacity either to appreciate
the criminality of his conduct or to conform his
conduct to the requirements of law
This test is more favorable t ...
... You have the right to an attorney and to have that attorney present while you
are being questioned.
... • issue a summons requiring the accused to attend court
• issue an arrest warrant
The Legal Concept of Insanity and the Treatment of Criminal Impulses
... ...[It is my belief that] at a day not far remote the teachings of biochemists and behaviorists, of psychiatrists and penologists, will transform our whole system of punishment for crime ....a
At present there are three different basic approaches to criminal
responsiblity in the United States.
1. Th ...
Civil-Criminal Case Process
... The party or parties sued then file an answer. Once the pleadings from all the parties are filed, the case enters what is
usually called the discovery phase. During the discovery phase, the parties are trying to learn as much as they can about
the nature and the merits of the other party's position. ...
Vo n ·ary in oxica·o an t e·ns nity defense
... This contradiction between permanency as a necessary ele
ment of settled insanity and the legal standard that temporary
insanity was as recognizable a defense as permanent insanity
was not directly addressed by a California court until People
v. Kelly in 1973. 16 In Kelly the California Supreme Cou ...
Chapter 20: Mental health and mental illness
... Identify seven characteristics of mental illness
Identify four causes of mental illness
Distinguish between fact and fallacy concerning mental illness
Explain the connection between mental and physical wellness
Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity: A Sane Approach
... he spent the remainder of his life in Broadmoor, a mental institution.
The case created such a furor that Parliament debated whether
M'Naghten's acquittal would make it easier for criminals to be excused
for their behavior.17 The Parliament asked the common law judges to
respond to five questions.' ...
The Supreme Court`s Recent Criminal Mental Health Cases Rulings
... insanity defense and the role of mental disability in making the mens rea determination. Eric Clark, who had a
long history of mental illness, shot and killed a police
officer who had stopped him for playing loud music in his
pickup truck. Tried in front of a judge after waiving his
right to a jury ...
PRE-SENTENCE INVESTIGATOR/PSI WRITER DIVISION: Marion
... Release, and Sealing of Record; prepare written reports with a ruling recommendation.
Testify at various court hearings.
Work hours may vary.
This position will report directly to the Chief Probation Officer of the Marion County Adult
... the prosecutor, and the court as
to an appropriate plea and
associated sentence in a given
case. (The process involves the
prosecutor, defense attorney and defense) *
Plea bargaining circumvents the
trial process and dramatically
reduces the time required for the
resolution of a criminal case.
Plea Plea Pre-sentence Ban Reserve Decision Proceedings Offence
... Witness A person who testifies in court becaues they had information abo
When charges are withdrawn against the accused, no further lega
Criminal will be treated if they are suspected of having
Justice committed a criminal offence. Applies to
Act anyone over 12 years and un ...
... ALTERED STATES: Diminished capacity and competence
The Criminalization of Mental Illness Chapter One
... Traditionally criminal justice practitioners have been
largely untrained and ill-equipped to deal with persons
with mental illnesses in crises.
While recidivism rates are high for offenders in general,
PWMI who repeatedly recycle through the criminal
justice system are often referred to as “frequen ...
Competency to Stand Trial Evaluations
... Historical information is important but may not
be relevant to current competency
Important to know if defendant was previously
determined to be not competent, not likely to
The final decision regarding competency to
stand trial is a legal issue which is ultimately
decided upon by ...
... attributed criminality to persons born with nervous system characteristics that are distinct
from “normal” people. In turn, these characteristics interfere with their ability to conform
to the rules, values, and laws of society.
Hans Eysenck cont.
extroverts are more likely than introverts, beca ...
Fitness Restoration Manual - Illinois Department of Human Services
... - Start teaching Level I terms, and assign court terms to learn over the course of the week.
- When an individual has an adequate understanding of Level I terms, start teaching
Level II terms which provide more detail.
- Finally, discuss Level III terms when Level I and Level II terms have been mast ...
In criminal trials, the insanity defense is the claim that the defendant is not responsible for his or her actions during a mental health episode (psychiatric illness or mental handicap). Exemption of the insane from full criminal punishment dates back to at least the Code of Hammurabi. There are different definitions of legal insanity, such as the M'Naghten Rules, the Durham Rule, the American Legal Institute definition, and various miscellaneous provisions (e.g., relating to lack of mens rea).In the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the United States, use of the defense is rare; however, since the Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Unfitness to Plead) Act 1991, insanity pleas have steadily increased in the UK. Mitigating factors, including things not eligible for the insanity defense like intoxication (or, more frequently, diminished capacity), may lead to reduced charges or reduced sentences.The insanity defense is based on evaluations by forensic mental health professionals with the appropriate test according to the jurisdiction. Their testimony guides the jury, but they are not allowed to testify to the accused's criminal responsibility, as this is a matter for the jury to decide. Similarly, mental health practitioners are restrained from making a judgment on the issue of whether the defendant is or is not insane or what is known as the ""ultimate issue"".Some jurisdictions require the evaluation to address the defendant's ability to control their behavior at the time of the offense (the volitional limb). A defendant claiming insanity is pleading ""not guilty by reason of insanity"" (NGRI) or ""guilty but insane or mentally ill"" in some jurisdictions which, if successful, may result in the defendant being committed to a psychiatric facility for an indeterminate period.