FRAMED BEFORE WE KNOW IT How Gender Shapes Social
... behavior and judgments (Blair and Banaji 1996; Kunda and Spencer 2003).
The extent to which they actually do shape our behavior, however, can vary
from negligible to substantial depending on the nature of the particular
situation and our own motives or interests. What matters is the extent to
Are There Feminist Research Methods
... Over the last several decades, feminist scholars have become increasingly more
reflective with regard to the research process: in addition to undertaking studies related to
women and gender, they have offered numerous perspectives on the nature of feminist
research itself. 1 More specifically, in th ...
asian women and employment discrimination: using intersectionality
... remedies to create a new "super-remedy."67 The court stated that plaintiffs' claim must be examined to determine whether it states a cause
of action for race discrimination or sex discrimination, but not a
combination of both. 68 The court therefore concluded that Title VII
protected black women onl ...
Jessie Fauset`s Plum Bun and the City`s Transformative Potential
... initial conviction that her racial affiliations rather than her gender profoundly
impede her progress. As Fauset puts it, “[I]t seemed to Angela that all the
things which she most wanted were wrapped up with white people. . . . [F]or
the present they had power and the badge of that power was whiten ...
Gender justice: capabilities or primary goods?
... evaluations lead to different treatment of men and women in the labour market. And
while each of these biases may be small, they accumulate and result in significant
gender inequalities in pay, promotion, power, and so forth.
It is not difficult to see how gender norms and stereotypes affect a pers ...
... of feminist sociological research continues to analyze gender as
a variable, or it adds women to the sampling population, just as
it did two decades ago. Stacey and Thorne (1985) criticize this
approach because it treats gender as a property of individuals and
not as a principle of social organizati ...
How have researchers measured gender up to this point
... used to show has since disappeared. Its validity persists only for those groups that maintain
traditional gender beliefs, such as white men from the urban Northeast and black men from the
South. Similarly, Melissa R. McGhee et al. tested the applicability to African Americans of the
Sex Role Egalita ...
Final Annotated Source List
... advertisement, such as increase in revenue or acquisition of a new market. This is
followed by an evaluation of the product where they select the product’s best features as
well as their audience; it is best that they imagine the ideal customer that they are
targeting and decide how to make the prod ...
No Response - Sociologists for Women in Society
... My contributions to gender equality have also occurred by serving as primary advisor to
more than 40 women graduate students and postdocs over thirty some years. My
mentoring work has been recognized by two awards: the 2010 Master Mentor Award
from the Office of the Senior Vice Provost for Faculty D ...
Am I Still a Woman? Hysterectomy and Gender Identity
... The sociological concept of essentialism stems from philosophical arguments dating back to Aristotle that things, including people, have essences—necessary properties that make them what
they are. The term sex has been related to the “natural” biological category of woman (or man), while gender has ...
Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want
... is gender?” we can distinguish, then, three projects with importantly different
priorities: conceptual, descriptive, and analytical.
A conceptual inquiry into race or gender would seek an articulation of our
concepts of race or gender ~Riley 1988!. To answer the conceptual question, one
way to proce ...
the sociology of gender - Rutgers University Libraries
... As key components of social structure, statuses and roles allow us to organize
our lives in consistent, predictable ways. In combination with established norms,
they prescribe our behavior and ease interaction with people who occupy different
social statuses, whether we know these people or not. The ...
gender construction - Theology
... important to mark a child as a girl or a boy, to make sure she is not taken for a boy or he for a girl?
What would happen if they were: They would, quite literally, have changed places in their social world.
To explain why gendering is done from birth, constantly and by everyone, we have to look no ...
HASLANGER-Gender and Race
... approach, the world by itself can't tell us what gender is, or what race is; it is up to us to
decide what in the world, if anything, they are.
This essay pursues an analytical approach to defining race and gender. However, its
analytical objectives are linked to the descriptive project of determini ...
Chapter 4 - People Server at UNCW
... rural poor; ethnic minorities in border regions
Ethnicity and region are the most common
complementary group identities because of
minority concentrations in border areas
Balancing act between integrating and
accommodating minority groups and repressing
those seen to be politically threatening
Part I The Social Construction of Difference: Race, Class, Gender
... impossibility in our current society. But as a jumping-off point for discussion, take a topic from Part I, such as race, and talk about what
society would be like if no racial differences existed. What would such
a society look like? Such an exercise is useful for making distinctions
between the ide ...
GENDER AND SEXUALITY ISSUES IN THE MUNICIPAL
... say that gender and sexuality, for instance, can completely determine what a person is.
This means also from another perspective that there are several other factors
interacting with gender and sexuality that must be considered. The pretension to approach the
theme from the perspective of the promot ...
KKF a 3/03 - Tidsskrift.dk
... Inequality in China is a book that comes
at an opportune moment. It resonates with
the present-day debates on the Chinese
media about (single) women. A glimpse of the
public discourse in China, such as the newly
arising term “leftover women”, which is
widely used to describe an urban, professional
Millennialism as afeminism - Center for Millennial Studies
... and ontologically when it came to gender. Thus, the first step in engendering the millennialism
of contemporary Christian fundamentalists is to ascertain why people are attracted to
fundamentalism in light of this context. Recent empirical studies suggest that intertwined
economic and theological mo ...
... As suggested in the previous paragraphs, the intersectional approach is an effective tool to
render visible the multiple layered and intersecting identities that women experience as well
as to build the conceptual framework of the specific discriminations they suffer from.
In this last part of the c ...
social class and identity
... greater respect for high culture than popular culture, A concern with their own fitness, health and
Working class Values – present time orientation, instant gratification, little interest in high culture,
lack of concern for education, restricted speech codes
Social class is an
Power, Privilege, and Oppression
... for yourself and potentially for others. Power can be visible, hidden, or invisible. Power can show up as power over others, power with
others, and/or power within.
Oppression = Prejudice + Power. The systematic targeting or marginalization of one social group by a more powerful social group for the ...
Principles of Sociology - AUEB e
... through radical overturn and transformation of the existing family relations.
1) The concept of patriarchy as it has been used by radical feminists seems to be very
general, and so is unable to account historically and culturally different types of male
2) The factors of race, ...
Intersectionality (or intersectionalism) is the study of intersections between forms or systems of oppression, domination or discrimination. An example is black feminism, which argues that the experience of being a black woman cannot be understood in terms of being black, and of being a woman, considered independently, but must include the interactions, which frequently reinforce each other.This feminist sociological theory was first named by Kimberlé Crenshaw in 1989, though the concept can be traced back to the 19th century. The theory suggests that—and seeks to examine how—various biological, social and cultural categories such as gender, race, class, ability, sexual orientation, religion, caste, and other axes of identity interact on multiple and often simultaneous levels, contributing to systemic injustice and social inequality. Intersectionality holds that the classical conceptualizations of oppression within society, such as racism, sexism, biphobia, homophobia, transphobia, and belief-based bigotry, do not act independently of one another. Instead, these forms of oppression interrelate, creating a system of oppression that reflects the ""intersection"" of multiple forms of discrimination.A standard textbook example of intersectionality theory is ""the view that women experience oppression in varying configurations and in varying degrees of intensity"". A secondary textbook definition approaches intersection theory a bit more broadly as ""the interplay of race, class, and gender, often resulting in multiple dimensions of disadvantage"". Cultural patterns of oppression are not only interrelated, but are bound together and influenced by the intersectional systems of society. Examples of this include race, gender, sexuality, class, ability, and ethnicity.Intersectionality is an important paradigm for sociology and cultural studies, but difficulties arise due to the many complexities involved in making ""multidimensional conceptualizations"" that explain the way in which socially constructed categories of differentiation interact to create a social hierarchy. For example, intersectionality holds that knowing a woman lives in a sexist society is insufficient information to describe her experience; instead, it is also necessary to know her race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, class, etc., as well as society's attitude toward each of these in order to fully understand her position within society.The theory of intersectionality also suggests that discrete forms and expressions of oppression are shaped by one another. Thus, in order to fully understand the racialization of oppressed groups, one must investigate the ways in which racializing structures, social processes, and social representations (or ideas purporting to represent groups and group members in society) are shaped by gender, class, sexuality, etc. While the theory began as an exploration of the oppression of women within society, today sociologists strive to apply it to all people and to many different intersections of group membership.