Money in Politics
... ﬁnancing laws; a summary of research ﬁndings; and recommendations for reform.
The research shows that most politicians are aware of
the problems of money in politics and are prepared to address them. It also found that, perhaps surprisingly, most of
the money raised and spent on campaigns appears to ...
of tHE arab LEft - Rosa-Luxemburg
... presidential elections held in December 2009. It is worth noting that the name
of the movement to which Evo Morales is affiliated is “The Movement towards
Socialism,” and the word “towards” is perhaps the best expression of the
programs of leftist movements of today, because it refers to the practic ...
Campaigns, Mobilization, and Turnout in Mayoral Elections
... thirty-eight large U.S. cities from 1979 to 2003 to examine how socioeconomic factors, electoral timing, partisan
elections, and local government form shape local turnout.
Caren’s findings show that council-manager cities have
lower turnout rates than cities without a manager and that
holding local ...
chronicle of parliamentary elections - Inter
... was formed in December. Serbia also saw protracted negotiations for a new
government, which was formed almost four months after the January
elections and only 30 minutes before new elections would have had to be
Emerging issues such as the environment and climate change took centre
stage in ...
the legitimate consequences of form of government and nonpartisan
... city, let alone state, I thought that the absence of party labels in a nonpartisan contest
would be beneficial for the candidate. One of the problems with this assumption about
nonpartisan municipal elections was that I concurrently assumed that the residents
would be politically and civically engag ...
ST 04 - Comportamento Político Presidential Coattails in
... that, even if voters cast votes on a partisan basis and support the parties of their
preferred presidential coalition in the presidential election, it is not certain that they
should most often prefer the president’s party rather than some other coalition party in
the legislative contest. If the mai ...
Unit 13 Political Parties and Political Participation
... make the government less effective as the majority coalitions, in the absence of amplified
majority of FPTP become highly unstable. However it would be wrong to suppose that the
nature of the party-system is rigidly determined by the nature of the electoral systems. The
embedded structures and relat ...
Chapter 9: Political Parties and Politics
... new ones. These parties took many different names, including the Fusion Party, the
Peoples Party, and the Independent Party.
The most popular name for the new coalition was the Republican Party.
Republicans did not agree on whether
slavery should be abolished in the Southern
states, but they did agr ...
English - MusicFreedomDay
... constitution’s amendment that lifted term limitation at presidential position. He is claiming
that detainees are to undergo some reinsertion process so as to prepare them to face new
life after prison. This never happened. In February 2012, a United Nations expert group
insisted that Cameroon should ...
A Conversation on the American Two
... candidates readily gave their pledges not to charter any
more monopolies, and, once they were in office, did
exactly what they pledged not to do. The workingclass
land reform movement revived the idea in the 1840s
with much the same result.
World Bank Document - Open Knowledge Repository
... Veto players are defined as the president and the largest party in the legislature
for a presidential system and as the prime minister and the parties in the government coalition for a parliamentary system.
The dpi also has several variables that provide different perspectives on tenure. It includes ...
The Development of American Political Parties
... In 1854 Whigs, former Free Soil Party members, and ex-Democrats formed the
____________ Party to oppose the spread of slavery in U.S. territories.
The Whigs faded from American politics leaving the Democrats and Republicans in a twoparty system that has dominated American politics ever since
Americanand CanadianElection Laws
... U.S. federal legislation fixes the timing of elections which are held on the Tuesday following the
first Monday in November on even numbered years. The new term starts January 3rd for Congress and
January 20 for the President and Vice President.
Since the individual states control the actual voting ...
Realigning election (often called a critical election or political realignment) are terms from political science and political history describing a dramatic change in the political system. Scholars frequently apply the term to American elections and occasionally to other countries. Usually it means the coming to power for several decades of a new coalition, replacing an old dominant coalition of the other party as in 1896 when the Republican Party (GOP) became dominant, or 1932 when the Democratic Party became dominant. More specifically, it refers to American national elections in which there are sharp changes in issues, party leaders, the regional and demographic bases of power of the two parties, and structure or rules of the political system (such as voter eligibility or financing), resulting in a new political power structure that lasts for decades.Realigning elections typically separate Party Systems—with 1828, for example, separating the First Party System and the Second Party System in the U.S.Political realignments can be sudden (1–4 years) or can take place more gradually (5–20 years). Most often, however, particularly in V. O. Key, Jr.'s (1955) original hypothesis, it is a single ""critical election"" that marks a realignment. By contrast a gradual process is called a ""secular realignment."" An American example was the change in the voting patterns among white Southerners, who from the 1870s to 1962 had overwhelmingly voted at the national and state levels for Democrats (what was called the ""Solid South""). A critical election came in 1964 with a shift at the presidential level to the Republican (GOP) presidential candidates. However, there was a gradual shift toward the GOP at the state and local levels, as Aldrich (2000) and others have found. Democratic voting remained strong into the 1970s and only slowly shifted towards the GOP as state Republican organizations systematically broadened their base in the 1980s and 1990s.Political scientists and historians often disagree about which elections are realignments and what defines a realignment, and even whether realignments occur. The terms themselves are somewhat arbitrary, however, and usage among political scientists and historians does vary.In the U.S. Walter Dean Burnham argued for a 30–36 year ""cycle"" of realignments. Many of the elections often included in the Burnham 36-year cycle are considered ""realigning"" for different reasons. Some political scientists, such as Mayhew (2004), are skeptical of the realignment theory altogether, saying there are no long-term patterns: ""Electoral politics,"" he writes, ""is to an important degree just one thing after another.... Elections and their underlying causes are not usefully sortable into generation-long spans.... It is a Rip Van Winkle view of democracy that voters come awake only once in a generation.... It is too slippery, too binary, too apocalyptic, and it has come to be too much of a dead end.""