WRL1852.tmp - Paradigm Shift Now
... Proof of Heaven: A Neurosurgeon’s Journey into the Afterlife Eben Alexander MD
“I have no argument with those who say [DMT] can produce a very powerful psychedelic experience;
maybe one with genuine implications for our understanding of what consciousness. And reality, actually
However, it rem ...
... Nagel: The difficulty of
I have said that the essence of the belief that bats
have experience is that there is something that it is
like to be a bat. Now we know that most bats …
perceive the external world primarily by means of
echolocation …Their brains are designed ...
... that usually arise only in test conditions. For example, while the left side of the brain can
verbally describe what is going on in the right visual field, the right hemisphere is
essentially mute, instead relying on its spatial abilities to interact with the world on the
left visual field. And some ...
... In the wake of the so called cognitive scientific revolution, there has developed a tradeoff so to speak with the age-old concern of God and the newly emerging anxieties concerning the
nature of personhood, within the philosophical framework. There are a number of cognitive
scientists who take the p ...
Consciousness and Awareness
... • Z Torey: Constructing a virtual world of vision, more real, more intense
• S Tenberken: Creating an artistic/novelistic world of vision, via synesthesia
Philosophy of AI: David Chalmers and the Hard
... choice. After all, if you believe that consciousness is made from something other than
physical stuff, it doesn’t make much sense for you to try and create consciousness on
a computer—something definitely known to be made only of physical stuff! However,
Chalmers is a philosopher who firmly claims t ...
1st International Krakow Conference in Cognitive Science, 27
... Volition will focus on the current state of consciousness research, with particular
reference to connections with issues pertaining to volitional acts. Principal topics will
include: mental acts of volition, perception, memory, qualia, emotions, as well as the
neurophysiological and physical foundat ...
Response to George Johnson`s Review of The Universe in a Single
... introspectively monitoring their own states of consciousness. This evidence proves that
certain neural processes are necessary for producing specific mental events in humans,
but not that they are sufficient causes of consciousness, nor does this indicate that
consciousness itself is a physical phen ...
Consciousness: The Hard Problem
... matter, could be the seat of human consciousness, the source or
ground of our rich and varied phenomenological lives. How could
that ‘lump’ be conscious – or, conversely, how could I, as conscious
being, be that lump?” (Akins 1993
... other human beings. Our
"selves" cannot be understood
without taking into account our
multiple relationships to others.
Even what we call "reality" is
principally the result of human
communication: the minimum
consensus we agree on, while
exchanging our experiences
with "the outer world".
Facing the Hard Question
... subjective feeling of being conscious does not depend on novelty of stimuli but
rather on arousal, i.e. processes of attention mediated by the RAS system. Zen
monks practicing concentration for many hours a day report a strong feeling of
being conscious although they have no novel stimuli that could ...
what is a mind? university of cape town
... looking, for example, to what it's connected to, we can ask deeper questions about the
mind. We can ask, for example, what is consciousness for? Why do we have
consciousness at all?
This is a really basic question about, ultimately, what the mind is for, because I'm
arguing that consciousness is one ...
Artificial intelligence is to be considered a major facet in the frontier
... Artificial intelligence is to be considered a major facet in the frontier of
technological innovation. Also and more commonly refereed as AI, artificial intelligence
as defined by John McCarthy, a pioneer in the field is “the science and engineering of
creating intelligent machines and software syst ...
Ch_02 - Computer Science
... In this view, mind and body are made up of the
same stuff but have different properties.
Like a golf ball and a tennis ball, they act
differently (and have different characteristics).
Not much gained here. How do atoms give rise to
Personal Identity - U of L Class Index
... What changes certainly doesn’t stay qualitatively
identical, that is, it doesn’t have the same properties
at all times.
But we also say that we remain one and the same
person through our changes.
This notion of personal identity (a form of numerical
identity) is important to much of what we do.
Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Consciousness
... having its own intrinsic experiential point of view, and hence an
intrinsic moral worth;
• i.e. it would deserve consideration for its own sake;
• this would be in contrast with purely cognitive systems, even
ones with highly complex features
– (No one ever suggested that we should care for the well ...
A true science of consciousness explains
... Brain & Cognition, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Weesperplein 4, 1018 XA Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam (CSCA), University of Amsterdam, Plantage Muidergracht 22-24, 1018 TV Amsterdam,
... Awareness is the principle of the brain. Each and every brain cells has got this awareness
in it at all the time till the death of the human beings. This principle can make the cell to
be aware and can make it to be alive and alert through out our lifetime. The cells can die
without consciousness on ...
paper-topics-phl-220 - Barbara Gail Montero
... 1. Does the paper have the basics: descriptive title (5), right length and font size (10), free from
excessive careless errors (10)? 20 points
2. Has the student answered each part of the question? 15 points
3. Does the essay reveal an understanding of the topic? Does the essay indicate that the stu ...
Reductionism and the Irreducibility of Consciousness
... * Searle's Second Argument for the Irreducibility of Consciousness:
___ 1. Part of the point of the reduction in the case of heat was to distinguish between the
subjective appearance on the one hand and the underlying physical reality on the
other. Indeed, it is a general feature of such reductions ...
Hard problem of consciousness
The hard problem of consciousness is the problem of explaining how and why we have qualia or phenomenal experiences—how sensations acquire characteristics, such as colors and tastes. David Chalmers, who introduced the term ""hard problem"" of consciousness, contrasts this with the ""easy problems"" of explaining the ability to discriminate, integrate information, report mental states, focus attention, etc. Easy problems are easy because all that is required for their solution is to specify a mechanism that can perform the function. That is, their proposed solutions, regardless of how complex or poorly understood they may be, can be entirely consistent with the modern materialistic conception of natural phenomena. Chalmers claims that the problem of experience is distinct from this set, and he argues that the problem of experience will ""persist even when the performance of all the relevant functions is explained"".The existence of a ""hard problem"" is controversial and has been disputed by some philosophers. Providing an answer to this question could lie in understanding the roles that physical processes play in creating consciousness and the extent to which these processes create our subjective qualities of experience.Several questions about consciousness must be resolved in order to acquire a full understanding of it. These questions include, but are not limited to, whether being conscious could be wholly described in physical terms, such as the aggregation of neural processes in the brain.If consciousness cannot be explained exclusively by physical events, it must transcend the capabilities of physical systems and require an explanation of nonphysical means. For philosophers who assert that consciousness is nonphysical in nature, there remains a question about what outside of physical theory is required to explain consciousness.