STATEMENT ON HIGHLY PATHOGENIC AVIAN INFLUENZA H5N8
... Given the current epidemiological situation with outbreaks of highly
pathogenic avian influenza of subtype H5N8 (HPAI H5N8) in three Member
States and the detection of that virus in two of them in wild migratory birds
during November, along with the potential ongoing risk of new outbreaks in
Preparing for the Next Influenza Pandemic
... from year to year within same HA/NA
• Antigenic Shift: When two different
viruses infect one host cell, their genes
can mix and produce a different HA/NA
type. Major antigenic variation:
number of confirmed human cases of avian influenza
... who were exposed and developed a disease while overseas; from people carrying disease who visit
or migrate to New Zealand; and from organisms that enter via host/vector species or as result of
trade imports (on or in goods coming into New Zealand) (Eberhart-Phillips 1999).
There are a number of emer ...
Influenza Outbreaks and Cruise Ships
... 20-50 million people died worldwide.
Many died a few days after infection and
some died of complications later.
This pandemic was unique because almost
half the people that died were young,
Exam #2 F 3/30 in WCH 1.120 Review Th 3/29 at 5pm in GRG 102
... It can be estimated that in the United States, for
example, the yearly economic burden caused by
influenza deaths, infections, vaccinations, loss of
productivity, and attendant health care costs is equal
to 0.1%–0.5% of the gross domestic product.
Exotic Newcastle Disease - Texas Animal Health Commission
... imported or are of U.S. stock, are healthy prior to shipment, and
will be transported in new or thoroughly disinfected containers.
• Maintain records of all sales and shipments of flocks.
• Isolate all newly purchased birds for at least 30 days.
• Implement stringent biosecurity practices to prev ...
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in the Midwest for the Second
... additional 10 km expansion to increase the surveillance zone to 20 km. While the surveillance efforts are
still ongoing, no additional cases have been detected after January 16, 2016. As of January 20th all of the
confirmed flocks have been depopulated and the process of disposal is underway. This i ...
here - Conference and Event Services | UC Davis
... Invited Speaker: Poultry house environmental control for antibiotic free operations
Poultry On‐Farm National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System (NARMS) ‐ A progress report
Health challenges in poultry grown as organic or antibiotic free or in alternate housing
Risk factors for antimicrob ...
64th Western Poultry Disease Conference (March 23
... Using field exercises along with public-private partnerships to increase awareness and
acceptance of continuity of business and secure food supply plans
The secure Egg Supply Plan: business continuity planning for a highly pathogenic avian
Serotypes and virulence genes detection i ...
... First, most – but not all – of the major outbreaks recently reported in Asia have been caused by the
highly pathogenic H5N1 strain. There is mounting evidence that this strain has a unique capacity to
jump the species barrier and cause severe disease, with high mortality, in humans.
A second and eve ...
H1N1 IN MALAYSIA
... This new virus was first detected in people in the United
States in April 2009. This virus is spreading from
person-to- person worldwide, in much the same way
that regular seasonal influenza viruses spread.
Influenza A, H1N1 caused particular strain of the
influenza virus. This particular strain ...
Food Safety and Avian Influenza
... The chance of infected poultry entering the food chain is extremely low. As part of the
USDA highly pathogenic avian influenza response plan, infected birds do not enter the food
supply. Additionally, USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service inspection program
personnel are assigned to every federa ...
... 20 years old Filipino woman H5N1 infected, critical
27/12/97 confirmed 18 infected with H5N1, 3 suspected
6 patients died
29/12/97 killing of all 1.4 million chickens in Hong Kong
UNTIL NOW no new cases of H5N1
Aug, 97 to Jan 98
Surveillance of avian flu in poultry showed
20% H5N1 5% H9N2
28/02/99 4 ...
A Rapid Laboratory Diagnosis of H5N1 Avian Influenza in Saudi
... "specific" by HA and HI testing. The harvested CAF was
tested for HA activity and characterized for AIV subtypes by
means of HI and NI tests. Results confirmed that the isolate
was H5N1 AIV positive. This peafowl H5N1 isolate
sequencing data was submitted to GenBank with the
accession number identif ...
lecturer: dr. is madueme - University Of Nigeria Nsukka
... diseases affecting livestock often limit their analysis to production
impact with relatively little about subsequent impacts on health,
prices, trade and markets. The recent outbreak of poultry
pandemic h a s raised some concern about poultry production,
marketing a n d consumption globally. Notable ...
ECDC rapid risk assessment on A(H5N8)
... Main conclusions and recommendations
On 6 November 2014, German authorities reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
A(H5N8) at a turkey holding. Culling of the turkeys at the affected holding has started, protection and
surveillance zones have been established, and investigat ...
Emerging and Re-emerging Diseases
... Influenza Impact
Flu seasons vary from year to year
About 20% of US population infected every year
Higher among susceptible populations
Three main types of flu virus: Types A, B & C
Type A causes the greatest morbidity and mortality
Example: H1N1 (2009 Epidemic)
Avian influenza — known informally as avian flu or bird flu — refers to ""influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds."" The type with the greatest risk is highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).""Bird flu"" is a phrase similar to ""swine flu,"" ""dog flu,"" ""horse flu,"" or ""human flu"" in that it refers to an illness caused by any of many different strains of influenza viruses that have adapted to a specific host. All known viruses that cause influenza in birds belong to the species influenza A virus. All subtypes (but not all strains of all subtypes) of influenza A virus are adapted to birds, which is why for many purposes avian flu virus is the influenza A virus. (Note, however, that the ""A"" does not stand for ""avian"").Adaptation is not exclusive. Being adapted toward a particular species does not preclude adaptations, or partial adaptations, toward infecting different species. In this way, strains of influenza viruses are adapted to multiple species, though may be preferential toward a particular host. For example, viruses responsible for influenza pandemics are adapted to both humans and birds. Recent influenza research into the genes of the Spanish flu virus shows it to have genes adapted to both birds and humans, with more of its genes from birds than less deadly later pandemic strains.While its most highly pathogenic strain (H5N1) had been spreading throughout Asia since 2003, avian influenza reached Europe in 2005, and the Middle East, as well as Africa, the following year. On January 22, 2012, China reported its second human death due to bird flu in a month following other fatalities in Vietnam and Cambodia. Companion birds in captivity and parrots are highly unlikely to contract the virus, and there has been no report of a companion bird with avian influenza since 2003. Pigeons do not contract or spread the virus. 84% of affected bird populations are composed of chicken and farm birds, while the 15% is made up of wild birds according to capture-and-release operations in the 2000s, during the SARs pandemic. The first deadly Canadian case was confirmed on January 3, 2014. On December 2, 2014, two turkey farms in British Columbia, Canada, had been placed under quarantine after the Canadian Food Inspection Agency confirmed an avian flu outbreak.