(g) Adult Bipolar Disorder
... • Typical BPD patient averages 8-10 manic or depressive
episodes over a lifetime, though some may have many
more or fewer episodes
• Even when optimally treated, the BPD symptoms may
wax and wane significantly
• BPD diagnoses can change (i.e. patients with one type of
bipolar diagnosis and go on to ...
... effects for the following types of medications: antianxiety
(anxiolytic), antipsychotic, and antidepressant drugs.
Summarize current thinking about the etiology of schizophrenia
and the mood disorders.
Identify key features of the mental status examination
and their relevance in anxiety disorders, s ...
... life-threatening situations which
causes heightened senses and
emotional neutrality. If this response is
applied in real life, non-threatening
situations, the result can be shocking
to the individual.
this PDF file - Maastricht University
... behavioural and cognitive symptoms related to ADHD, especially impulsivity
(Carlton & Manowitz, 1992; Carlton et al., 1987; Rugle & Melamed, 1993). However,
clinical measures for ADHD symptoms were not applied within these populations
of gamblers. Nevertheless, the previous findings led ADHD to be i ...
The Assessment of Malingering Within Forensic Populations
... diagnosed with a mental illness and/or receiving mental health treatment. These numbers
are alarming, considering that Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services
Administration (2013) reported that only roughly 18.5% of the adult population receives
some form of mental health treatment. Furthermore, ...
PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND CREATIVITY Mad Genius Revisited
... and schizophrenia and psychosis. These inclinations are typically measured in non-clinical
samples as the degree to which people experience symptoms associated with a specific
disorder along a continuum ranging from low to high (Brown & Barlow, 2009; Crow, 1990;
Gore & Widiger, 2013; Nelson, Seal, P ...
Body dysmorphic disorder: some key issues for DSMV - DSM-5
... BDD behaviors; this possible addition requires further consideration; (3) A
clinical significance criterion seems necessary for BDD to differentiate it from
normal appearance concerns; (4) BDD and eating disorders have some
overlapping features and need to be differentiated; some minor changes to
Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders
... of hearing one's name called or experiences that lack the quality of an external percept (e.g., a
humming in one's head) should also not be considered as symptomatic of Schizophrenia or any
other Psychotic Disorder. Hallucinations may be a normal part of religious experience in certain
cultural cont ...
ABSTRACT Title of Document:
... problems, CD symptoms in children are multiply determined (Lahey, Waldman, &
McBurnett, 1999), making the etiological distinction of children with ADHD and CD
more complicated. Researchers and theorists posit specific risk and protective factors
as more salient than others; however, a general pictur ...
Effects on Sexuality of Childhood Trauma
... How Common is Child Abuse? It is difficult to know the true figures as childhood abuse is often covered up or
unreported. Also, accurate figures are hindered by the fact childhood abuse cannot be precisely defined.
However, current estimates in the UK suggest about 12 % of children experience physic ...
ADHD and Comorbid Conditions
... disorder 27.2% (Spencer T. 1999), surpassing the already considerable rates following the
pediatric population. Adults have a higher prevalence than children for substance abuse
disorders, with a prevalence rate of 45.0% (Jacob et al. 2007). Personality disorders can
develop throughout childhood and ...
The Relation Between Sluggish Cognitive Tempo and
... (SCT). On the basis of these findings, the DSM-IV field trials (Lahey et al., 1994) tested the utility of SCT symptoms
for the diagnosis of the inattentive type. Consistent with
studies of DSM-III ADD, the field trials found that SCT
symptoms were associated most strongly with the DSM-IV
Running Head: IMPLICATIONS OF COMORBIDITY THE DEMANDS
... with any other non-anxiety disorder. Most studies however, excluded schizophrenia and
From these findings the authors concluded that such effects may indicate one
disorder’s causal or symptom dominance over the other comorbid disorder. An alternative
interpretation is that, given ...
Relationship Between Cognitive Distortions and Psychological
... are often connected to relevant memories. At a still deeper level are more absolute, dysfunctional
beliefs about the self, or schemas, such as “I am unlovable.”; “I am a loser.”; “I am worthless.”
These cognitive structures develop early in life from personal experiences, from identification
with ot ...
Evaluation and Assessment Issues in the Diagnosis
... fact that ADHD subtype frequency differs at different ages
may further confound this. For example, based on DSM-IV–
referenced symptom inventories of about 3,000 school children aged between 3 and 18 years, teacher-reported prevalence rate of ADHD behaviors was 15.8%; rates for individual
subtypes w ...
Candidate gene studies in human anxiety disorders
... innate anxiety; 2) an asthma-linked G-protein coupled receptor
(neuropeptide S receptor 1; NPSR1) and its neuropeptide ligand
(neuropeptide S; NPS); and 3) 15 putative anxiety susceptibility genes
selected based on previously published associations with anxiety disorders or
anxiety-related personali ...
The loss of control over eating, a defining feature of binge eating, is
... each other, indicating a relatively low degree of overlap between the two types of binge
episodes. Further indication that OBEs and SBEs are each associated with psychopathology
was demonstrated in regression analyses showing that both binge types significantly and
independently predicted specific e ...
ADHD Combined Type and ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Type
... ADHD as it is classiﬁed in the DSM-III, while others have
examined the DSM-III-R or DSM-IV version of ADHD.
Several studies have explored the correspondence among
the diﬀerent DSM versions of ADHD. These results have
helped researchers to determine if ﬁndings from studies
examining one particular DS ...
Consensus paper on bipolar depression
... The use of rating scales in bipolar depression: There is some dissatisfaction with the HAM-D or
MADRS as the preferred primary outcome for trials, although they probably capture global severity
adequately. Secondary measures to capture so-called atypical symptoms (such as hypersomnia or
Clinical and Educational Child Psychology
... As will be discussed in Chapter 2, the ﬁrst few years of life represent a time when the
developing brain is highly vulnerable to environmental stimulation, as new neural connections are being created, and old, under-stimulated pathways are being discarded.
Research has informed us that the quality o ...
Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology
... Veterans returning from the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq show high rates of
psychiatric disorders, yet many do not remain in treatment (Erbes, Curry, & Leskela, 2009).
These veterans attend fewer sessions and drop out of treatment more frequently when compared
to Vietnam-era veterans. Researche ...
Disordered eating and psychological help-seeking
... way for most other mental health disorders. Additionally, some existing research
demonstrates that the experience of having an eating disorder is unique compared to other
mental health diagnoses. Specifically, research on the experience of benefits and
drawbacks of eating disorders has revealed a 3- ...
Antisocial personality disorder
Antisocial (or dissocial) personality disorder is characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, or violation of, the rights of others. There may be an impoverished moral sense or conscience and a history of crime, legal problems, and impulsive and aggressive behavior.Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is the name of the disorder as defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM). Dissocial personality disorder is the name of a similar or equivalent concept defined in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD), where it states that the diagnosis includes antisocial personality disorder. Both manuals have similar but not identical criteria. Both have also stated that their diagnoses have been referred to, or include what is referred to, as psychopathy or sociopathy, though distinctions are sometimes made.