Answers - WordPress.com
... Total measure of carbon (and other greenhouse gas emissions) made by one person
in their daily lifestyle and its impact on earth.
As quoted from class presentation: “The measure of the total amount of harmful
greenhouse-gas emissions that people produce, either directly or indirectly.”
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
... whether they pay for the relevant technology or not. It is hard to put a
price on these positive outcomes.
* If laws and regulations around the world aren't equally demanding,
businesses in countries that don't require greenhouse-gas reductions
will be able to operate more cheaply and sell their pro ...
Tackling Climate Change: The role of the engineer
... • Space heating is largest energy user
• ‘Integrated building design’ reduces energy
use by 40% on average
• Use of energy efficient appliances/ lighting
reduces energy use by 40% on average
• ‘Aggressive implementation’ can lead to
major GHG reductions and be cost-saving
Climate Change Policy
... should build political constituencies
across businesses and households to
sustain the policy and to compensate
industries and individuals that are hurt by
From Paris 2015 to EU 2030: Is Europe leading or lagging?
... warming from the policies Governments have in
place now) would see a warming of 3.6°C by 2100
• If fully implemented, INDCs would bring warming
down to 2.7°C
• But no economic mechanisms (e.g. carbon
markets) mentioned in UNFCCC draft text
Climate change policy UK briefing note (opens in new window)
... The UK has a comprehensive set of climate change policies in place and is likely to
meet comfortably its near-term domestic greenhouse gas emission reduction
targets and targets under the Kyoto Protocol, outperforming many other OECD
However, a step change in the pace of emission reductio ...
coal use and climate change - Colorado Mining Association
... The United States has more than 27% of the world’s coal reserves – natural gas
is much more scarce and the cost of producing electricity from natural gas is more than
double the cost of coal.
Our energy policy must encourage and maximize the
consumption of electricity from domestic sources and not r ...
EU Climate Change Policy
... of EU-25 CO2 emissions – the largest ever implemented
taps on the market dynamics and innovation capacity of
the industrial sectors, reduces Kyoto compliance cost
covers major energy intensive industries, in total 12000
approximately 2 billion allowances per year (2005-2007)
total va ...
Sample Organizational Statement on Climate Change
... 195 nations, including the United States, have agreed pursuant to the Paris Accords to
"Hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above
preindustrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above
preindustrial levels, recognizing that thi ...
Cool It - Ning.com
... – Total cap is allocated among regulated facilities as
allowable emissions permit that allow GHG emissions
by ton per year
– Or, part of the cap is allocated “free” and part is
auctioned by government with proceeds used to:
• Invest in research and development
• Reduce individual income taxes or pro ...
PART I: OUR CONVERGING CRISES Pollution
... have come faster than scientists have forecast, but we don’t know whether
future impacts will adhere more closely to the experts’ models or continue to
accelerate. Also there are uncertainties about how to best account for and
assign responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions. For example, if China ...
Russell Marsh Presentation
... • Use of revenues from auctioning of power sector
allowances in the third phase of the ETS post 2012.
It’s a political choice.
Proxy Climate Data
... The stated target is for Annex B country
emissions to be, on average, 5% below their
1990 emissions level by around 2010
In the absence of policies (i.e., under
‘Business As Usual’), Annex B emissions
would increase substantially by 2010
A 5% reduction relative to 1990 represents,
on average, ...
... in carbon dioxide concentration is largely irreversible for
1,000 years after emissions stop. Following cessation of
emissions, removal of atmospheric carbon dioxide
decreases radiative forcing, but is largely compensated
by slower loss of heat to the ocean, so that atmospheric
temperatures do not d ...
Making the case for a revenue-neutral carbon tax
... recently studied the economic impact that a
revenue-neutral carbon tax would have on
the state of California over 20 years. It
found that if the state had such a tax, after
20 years Californians would pay $1.80 per
gallon more for gas because of it, while
decreasing its carbon dioxide emissions by
TO: _____ Corporate Headquarters _____ USA ______, is the
These impacts include:
"...unequivocal warming since the 1950s"
"atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide have
increased to levels unprecedented in at least the last 800,000 years"
"It is extre ...
Climate change and Pope Francis` visit with Congress
... related to warming, and their means of subsistence are largely dependent on natural
reserves and ecosystemic services such as agriculture, fishing and forestry.”
Our current business-as-usual pace of burning fossil fuels places us on a trajectory of
warming that ensures the current nightmare of the ...
... • Gas
Att to 168 Hart
... Australia is lagging in its energy efficiency particularly in transport. Regulation may need
strengthening if voluntary measures are not effective.
Regulation may also have role in reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases other than carbon
dioxide, such as methane and nitrous oxide.
However, most ...
Carbon governance in England
The reduction of carbon emissions, along with other greenhouse gases (GHGs), has become a vitally important task of international, national and local actors. If we understand governance as the creation of “conditions for ordered rule and collective action” then, given the fact that the reduction of carbon emissions will require concerted collective action, it follows that the governance of carbon will be of paramount concern. We have seen numerous international conferences over the past 20 years tasked with finding a way of facilitating this, and while international agreements have been infamously difficult to reach, action at the national level has been much more effective. In the UK, the Climate Change Act 2008 committed the government to meeting significant carbon reduction targets. In England, these carbon emissions are governed using numerous different instruments, which involve a variety of actors. While it has been argued by authors like Rhodes that there has been a “hollowing out” of the nation state, and that governments have lost their capabilities to govern to a variety of non-state actors and the European Union, the case of carbon governance in England actually runs counter to this. The government body responsible for the task, the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), is the “main external dynamic” behind governing actions in this area, and “rather than hollowing out (there has actually been a strengthening of) central co-ordination”. The department may rely on other bodies to deliver its desired outcomes, but it is still ultimately responsible for the imposition of the rules and regulations that “steer (carbon) governmental action at the national level”. It is therefore evident that carbon governance in England is hierarchical in nature, in that “legislative decisions and executive decisions” are the main dynamic behind carbon governance action. This does not deny the existence of a network of bodies around DECC who are part of the process, but they are supplementary actors who are steered by central decisions. This article focuses on carbon governance in England as the other countries of the UK (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) all have devolved assemblies who are responsible for the governance of carbon emissions in their respective countries.