“Made in Ontario” solutions
... targets. The Kyoto Protocol includes emissions trading provisions that would allow
countries to buy emission reductions from
each other, thus adjusting their targets.
This means that manufacturers within signatory countries would have to track GHG
emissions and meet their own targets. The
... The Case of Mexico
Carlos A. de la Parra,
Minister of Environment
Embassy of Mexico
Study Guide - Unit 3 - Environmental Issues
... U.S. has the biggest economy in the history of the world, and is responsible for 1/3 of all the
carbon emissions. On average, each U.S. citizen uses ten times the energy as people in
developing regions (Africa, for example). Meanwhile, China and India, with nearly 1/2 the
world’s population, are qui ...
World must urgently up action to cut a further 25% from predicted
... pledges fall short of creating a sufficiently ambitious starting point to align with the temperature target of the
However, the Gap report presents an assessment of the technologies and opportunities to find the further cuts
required, including through non-state actors, energy effic ...
Climate Change Position
... innovation and removing barriers to the transition to low-carbon solutions, and
promoting and supporting appropriate climate adaptation measures.
We believe that meeting the global challenge of climate change will require
businesses to take actions that go beyond the regulatory requirements. Busines ...
... assets in the form of tradable emissions permits and allocates these to
different countries. Limiting emissions creates a scarcity where none
previously existed and in essence prints money for those in control of the
permits. Such wealth creation is dangerous because the value of the permits
can be ...
Accelerating the Clean Energy Revolution Corporations and other
... 2013 for the first time renewable electricity beat fossil fuels for new
capacity additions globally. And earlier this year, the International
Energy Agency announced that for the first time in 40 years energyrelated CO2 emissions were stable even as the global economy grew.
Under 2 Degrees Celsius: Fast Action Policies to Protect People and
... to provide a realistic and reasonable chance of limiting global temperatures to safe
levels and preventing unmanageable climate change. This report provides such a
plan—an outline of speciﬁc solutions that serve as the building blocks for a three-lever
strategy to limit warming to under 2°C and thus ...
- Intact Primary Forest
... accounting for more than 90% of the energy accumulated between 1971 and 2010
• Of the total emissions from human activities during the period 2004-2013, about
26% accumulated in the world’s oceans
Oceanic phytoplankton produce 50% of the world's oxygen
Food Security - more than one billion peopl ...
Energy Sector (CLP
... A roadmap for energy technology policy
The two-fold purpose of a policies and measures
framework for the sector should be :
Drive investments towards available efficient
power delivery and end-use equipment and
carbon-free/low-carbon power generation
technologies through the ...
Fiscal Implications of Climate Change
... can and should be left to private sector….
But potential role for public sector, in
– Climate-proofing public investments
– Responding to additional spending needs,
which (even with an expanded resource
envelope) will require trade-offs with other
– Dealing with climate change ...
2007 Methodist Conference Resolution `Caring for creation in the
... around 3% per year. This is clearly not being achieved with present policies and
even this level of reduction will fail to address the problem of climate change.
The UK Government has published a draft Climate Change Bill for consultation.
It is important that such legislation introduces effective m ...
No Slide Title
... metrics will be linked: carbon
(phrased as equivalent tonnes of
carbon, or T C02-e) will be the
Businesses will be expected to
account for, and reduce, their
impacts on the environment.
Leaders will leverage their
market position to make a
material change through their
Download paper (PDF)
... In what could be crucial to current climate negotiations, coalition countries may accept
binding caps on their emissions levels in exchange for tradable emission reduction
credits. In fact, these countries are being drawn toward pledging “voluntary reductions”
by the prospect of access to now viable ...
Carbon governance in England
The reduction of carbon emissions, along with other greenhouse gases (GHGs), has become a vitally important task of international, national and local actors. If we understand governance as the creation of “conditions for ordered rule and collective action” then, given the fact that the reduction of carbon emissions will require concerted collective action, it follows that the governance of carbon will be of paramount concern. We have seen numerous international conferences over the past 20 years tasked with finding a way of facilitating this, and while international agreements have been infamously difficult to reach, action at the national level has been much more effective. In the UK, the Climate Change Act 2008 committed the government to meeting significant carbon reduction targets. In England, these carbon emissions are governed using numerous different instruments, which involve a variety of actors. While it has been argued by authors like Rhodes that there has been a “hollowing out” of the nation state, and that governments have lost their capabilities to govern to a variety of non-state actors and the European Union, the case of carbon governance in England actually runs counter to this. The government body responsible for the task, the Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC), is the “main external dynamic” behind governing actions in this area, and “rather than hollowing out (there has actually been a strengthening of) central co-ordination”. The department may rely on other bodies to deliver its desired outcomes, but it is still ultimately responsible for the imposition of the rules and regulations that “steer (carbon) governmental action at the national level”. It is therefore evident that carbon governance in England is hierarchical in nature, in that “legislative decisions and executive decisions” are the main dynamic behind carbon governance action. This does not deny the existence of a network of bodies around DECC who are part of the process, but they are supplementary actors who are steered by central decisions. This article focuses on carbon governance in England as the other countries of the UK (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) all have devolved assemblies who are responsible for the governance of carbon emissions in their respective countries.