Meditation and psychosis: trigger or cure?
... of view, transcendental meditation engages focused attention while mindfulness meditation
embraces not only focused attention but also
open monitoring . In this article we will focus mostly on the latter type.
Mindfulness can be described as “the awareness
that emerges thro ...
Boundless Study Slides
... • meta-analysis Any systematic procedure for statistically combining the results of many different studies.
• multicultural Relating or pertaining to several different cultures.
• myalgia Muscular pain or tenderness.
• operant conditioning A technique of behavior modification, developed by B. F. Ski ...
Trichotillomania - Plymouth State University
... -Cognitive Behavior Therapy, as stated by the
Trichotillomania Learning Center, is “a form of
therapy that seeks to alter behavior by identifying the
precise factors that trigger hair pulling and learning
skills to interrupt and redirect responses to those
complicated grief - Hospice Support Fund
... or loss. Instead, they show a relatively low level
of chronic distress or simply no outward signs
of grief whatsoever. This pattern was previously
considered abnormal. People with this grieving
style were encouraged to “let out their emotions”
and “stop trying to be strong.”
Psychotherapy Integration via Theoretical Unification Warren W. Tryon
... favor. This article provides the required theoretical basis for the comprehensive
treatment that these clinicians have sought. It complements and extends a
related proposal made by Tryon (in press).
The remainder of this article is organized as follows. I distinguish clinical
orientations from the ...
Cognitive-Behavioral Case Formulation
... cognitions (e.g., “what’s the point”), and negative emotions (e.g., dysphoria)
arising from John’s schemas of himself as inadequate, of others as critical,
and of the future as hopeless. The formulation at the level of the case is a
hypothesis about the causes of all of the patient’s symptoms, disor ...
Text - Reading`s CentAUR
... The National Institute for Health and Care Excel
lence (NICE) guidance on the treatment of OCD
explicitly includes young people (NICE 2005). It
recommends a stepped-care approach, starting
with self-help materials and guidance provided by
Efficacy of Self-Administered Treatments for Depression and Anxiety
... self-efficacy for therapeutic change.
In addition to their use as an adjunct to psychotherapy, SATs
have also been used as stand-alone treatments. Their low cost in
terms of time and money, their wide availability, and their potential to reach a broad audience (Mains & Scogin, 2003) make SATs
a pote ...
Evaluation of mediators of change in the treatment of epilepsy with
... persist in behavior in the service of chosen values. This is
established through six core functional processes: acceptance, cognitive defusion, focusing on the present, enhancing a transcendent sense of self, values clarification, and
encouraging committed action. These areas are conceptualized as p ...
Cognitive and behavioral treatments for anxiety disorders: A review
... group therapy or CBGT; Heimberg et al., 1990) since this setting constitutes a form of
exposure and affords many opportunities to confront feared social situations.
Four meta-analytic reviews of cognitive–behavioral treatments for social phobia were
published over the last decade. The first (Feske & ...
Redalyc. Pavlov and the Foundation of Behavior Therapy
... not yet named, behavior therapy was finding its definition
as a clinical application of Pavlovian conditioning principles,
although refinement in Pavlov’s methodology would be
required. Treatments for “experimental neuroses” derived
from Pavlov’s neural hypothesis using pharmacological
agents, inclu ...
Classical Conditioning Methods in Psychotherapy
... object. There are many accounts for how these emotional
states develop, but when people present for therapy it is
often because their avoidance of these fearful situations
interferes with some aspect of their desired role functioning.
One of the most commonly used technical procedures in
Manual-Based Treatment: Evolution and Evaluation
... The availability of a detailed and therapist-friendly treatment protocol
(manual) for Wolpe’s clinically inspired treatment enabled theoretically
sophisticated and methodologically expert clinical researchers to conduct
controlled studies of the treatment in both the laboratory (Bandura,
1969; Lang, ...
... component were not evaluated specifically. Trials in which
pharmacological treatment was actively introduced or withdrawn in at least one treatment arm were excluded, due to
differences between pharmacological and behavioral interventions in how harms are reported and monitored. However,
tTrials inc ...
Selective Mutism Care Pathway 1 Care Pathway
... direct treatment at any time based on their level of clinical risk
and need, and the therapist’s informed decision about which
intervention strategy is most appropriate at that time.
Intervention should be offered in the environment most suited to
the child’s needs; this may be within the school, nu ...
Huffman PowerPoint Slides
• Humanistic/existential paradigms focus
on insight into the motivations/needs of
– These paradigms place greater emphasis on
the persons freedom of choice (free will)
– The humanistic paradigm does not focus on
how problems develop in a person
Trends and Problems in Marital and Family Therapy Research
... In spite of several decades of appeals to bridge the researcher-clinician gap (Breunlin
& Schwartz, 1983; Johnson, 2000, 2003; Liddle, 1991; Olson, 1976; Pinsof & Wynne,
2000; Sprenkle, 2003), the problem is still significant. This is somewhat ironic given
that the early family therapy pioneers cons ...
Client Rights and Counselor Responsibilities
... clients. Describe and discuss the reporting laws in your state.
How might you expect to address such legal issues and
requirements in your work with elder adult populations?
How might you assess and evaluate Catherine's needs at this
time? Incorporate any diagnostic guidelines from a
professional or ...
Aaron T. Beck: The cognitive revolution in theory
... 1977). Patients in that trial were not only as likely to respond to cognitive
therapy as to medications, but they also were considerably more likely to stay
well after treatment termination. This was not only the first time that any psychosocial treatment had held its own with medication in the trea ...
48x36 Poster Template
... Empathy: put one's self in the other's shoes
Conceptualizing ability: grasp the client's
dynamics (Gelso & Hayes, 2001)
----------------------------------------------------------------#2(a) “The CFI-R examines relationship between
countertransference managemen ...
How much exposure is necessary in exposure therapy for PTSD
... situations, objects) that, despite being safe, are feared and avoided.
The specific application of these principles to Caroline’s case is described in the
Formulation section below.
Without doubting the effectiveness of prolonged exposure when applied correctly, my
clinical ex ...
Exposure Therapy for PTSD Jennifer H. Wortmann Jonathan Larson
... emotional engagement to permit access to the fear structure, followed by new learning that
modifies the fear structure, which is indexed by extinction (reduced distress in response to the
trauma memory) across sessions.
In exposure-based treatment approaches, the patient is asked to repeatedly confr ...
Suri Project 4: Research Proposal Research Proposal: OCD
... trial and error and go from one approach to the time. Instead, they should use many
approaches at once. This will help the patient physiologically and psychologically.
Research in this proposal is about treating psychological disorders, it is a common
concern in the field of psyc ...
A randomized pilot study of mindfulness?based cognitive therapy
... patients, combines elements from Heimberg’s GCBT (Heimberg & Becker, 2002) and Clark & Wells’ (1995) individual cognitive therapy for
SP. The main components of treatment included: (a) psycho-education on
SP and CBT, (b) analysis of patients’ individualized case-formulations
based on the Clark & Wel ...
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to increase each individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, beliefs, compulsions, thoughts, or emotions, and to improve relationships and social functioning. Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders.There are over a thousand different named psychotherapies, some being minor variations while others are based on very different conceptions of psychology, ethics (how to live) or techniques. Most involve one-to-one sessions between client and therapist but some are conducted with groups, including families. Therapists may be mental health professionals or come from a variety of other backgrounds, and depending on the jurisdiction may be legally regulated, voluntarily regulated or unregulated.