Oil Pollution Act of 1990
The Oil Pollution Act (101 H.R.1465, P.L. 101-380) was passed by the 101st United States Congress, and signed by President George H. W. Bush, to mitigate and prevent civil liability from the future oil spills off the coast of the United States. It forms part of oil spill governance in the United States.The law stated that companies must have a ""plan to prevent spills that may occur"" and have a ""detailed containment and cleanup plan"" for oil spills. The law also includes a clause that prohibits any vessel that, after March 22, 1989, has caused an oil spill of more than one million U.S. gallons (3,800 m³) in any marine area, from operating in Prince William Sound.