Society as Symbolic Interaction
... Summary of excerpt from Blumer’s
“Society as Symbolic Interaction”
There are three essential features to Mead’s analysis of symbolic
1. Human beings have selves. By this Mead meant that they can be
objects of their own actions and indicate things to themselves.
Making indications to one ...
... This refers to the process by which people are limited by social institutions but at the same
time can shape and change them. This change occurs through reflexivity, where people are
constantly reflecting on the things they do and how they do them as they live their daily lives.
Giddens argued struc ...
The Relationship between Structure and Agency
... hand, are those conceptions of structure that focus on its constraining nature and fail to recognize its
empowering aspects [8, 19, 38, 41]. On the other hand, there are those conceptions of agency that treat it
as the creative, contingent, and therefore (implicitly) un-structured component of socia ...
Jürgen Habermas - Iowa State University, Department of Sociology
... the sociological theories of Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and George Herbert Mead
the linguistic philosophy and speech act theories of Ludwig Wittgenstein, J.L. Austin,
P. F. Strawson, Stephen Toulmin and John Searle
the developmental psychology of Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg
the American pragm ...
... large-scale social structures, but it can also refer to micro structures, such as
those involved in human interaction.
Structuration theory focuses on the mutual constitution of structure and agency.
Anthony Giddens (1938- ) argues that structure and agency are a duality that
Toward a General Theory of Action Group Members: Catherine Bell
... variety of “motivational concepts,” distinguishing primarily between “drives” and “needdispositions.” The former term refers to “‘automatic,’ regulatory devices” in which “no
selection or choice is involved” (112) while the latter refers to motivations to action
which have taken on “temporal dimens ...
Structural Theories File
... For functionalist theorists societies have built-in tendencies towards self
regulation similar to biological organisms or machines. For example, the human
body is an integrated whole whose individual parts serve particular needs – the
heart pumps blood, the bowel collects and evacuates waste.
Modernist Theory - the Education Forum
... Reality ONLY exists in meanings negotiated through interactions
Macro sociological theory is an illusion
The job of the sociologist is to discover meanings and nothing more
Phenomenology rejects completely ‘scientific’ sociology and ‘objectivity’,
‘social facts’ and ‘structures’
• There are no cause ...
Sociological Theory www.AssignmentPoint.com In sociology
... Kenneth Allan proposed the distinction between sociological theory and social
theory. In Allan's usage, sociological theory consists of abstract and testable
propositions about society. It often heavily relies on the scientific method,
which aims for objectivity, and attempts to avoid passing value ...
... Only individuals’ conduct is subjectively
meaningful (focus on the individual)
Often useful for sociologists to treat
actions of collectivities (e.g., corporations or
states) as acts of individual people
social action from the point of view of marxian sociology
... and Luckmann only creates and re-creates his orientations.
Following the criticism of Giddens's conception of production and reproduction
of social structures the author summarizes the principal objections that can be used
in the case of all discussed interpretative sociologies. The nature of superi ...
ARNDT, HORST and JANNEY, RICHARD WAYNE
In view of this,
reviewing this book is a “tricky business”.
I should better make it clear from
the very beginning that I consider IG in general to be a systematic, original, and ingenious
to the multimodal-integrative
of verbal, prosodic and ...
Basic Sociological Terms
... the historian to identify what the historian had in mind. Can you
think of an example where this could be applied to today’s
world and how could it be misinterpreted?
How important do you feel that the explanation of ideal types is
when a new idea or unfamiliar idea is brought forth? Can it be
Collective action theory I. "Olson`s problem." The problem of the free
... A. Group benefits are inherently shared, cannot privatize your benefit.
1. Builds on prior recognition that taxes cannot be voluntary.
2. Thus everyone has an incentive to "free ride" on the efforts of others, to let others
pay the price of the good
3. Arguments are especially important for theorizi ...
Book Review: Habermas and Religion
... Since this is a volume on Habermas and religion, it was inevitable that much of the f ocus would be on
thorny philosophical questions on the claims of truth in religion and the extent to which postmetaphysical
thought needs to address f aith. T here are clearly problems in the ways the post-secular ...
Modern Sociological Theory
... and until today. To the most prominent theoretical sociologists in the latter half of the 20th
century belong Pierre Bourdieu, Michel Foucault, Anthony Giddens, Erving Goffman and
Jürgen Habermas. The list is made up of male sociologists and reflects the male dominance
we have seen in sociology unti ...
SEEING THINGS FOR THEMSELVES: WINCH, ETHNOGRAPHY
... professional role has provided to familiarise themselves with rather more
exotic practices. The identification of social actions is not an operation
conducted by an observer using criteria independent of the occurrences being
identified, but is a form of participation in the social setting to which ...
Lecture 19 Outline
... reciprocal action and inter-psychic orientation among individuals
within the context of a shared collective membership."
(Paraphrase based on Gilman, Charlotte P. 1900. Concerning
Children. Boston: Small and Maynard: 298.)
8. Gilman believed that productive activity can be a source for
great joy and ...
The Myths of `Value
... gical conditions for understanding are concerned with the attribution
of meaning. It is a relative epistemology rather than an absolute
one which is congruent with understanding in the social sciences.
This approach does not deny that objects exist, but rather stresses
that it is the ordering of th ...
Brief guidelines for teaching sociological theory today
... aggressive behavior associated to fear and the transference of anxiety to “scapegoats”). In Habermas’ Theory
of Communicative Action, it is possible to identify, echoing the Piagetian approach, a correlation between
ontogenetic and phylogenetic models of developmental processes (although not in a no ...
... Example: Individualism Individual Suicide
The Theory of Communicative Action
The Theory of Communicative Action (German: Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns) is a 1981 book by Jürgen Habermas, in which he continues his project set out in On the Logic of the Social Sciences of finding a way to ground ""the social sciences in a theory of language."" The two volumes are Reason and the Rationalization of Society (Handlungsrationalität und gesellschaftliche Rationalisierung) in which Habermas establishes a concept of communicative rationality, and Lifeworld and System: A Critique of Functionalist Reason (Zur Kritik der funktionalistischen Vernunft), in which Habermas creates the two level concept of society and lays out the critical theory for modernity. After writing The Theory of Communicative Action, Habermas expanded upon the theory of communicative action by using it as the basis of his theory of morality, democracy, and law. The work was the subject of a collection of critical essays published in 1986, has inspired many responses by social theorists and philosophers, and in 1998 was listed by the International Sociological Association as the eighth most important sociological book of the 20th century.