Measurement Validity PPT
... face validity (representational validity): whether a
measuring instrument appears to be valid to the persons
– example: African Americans take a history test, but all of the
questions were written by Euro-Americans about European history.
foundations of individual behavior
... • no meaningful conclusion for turnover
• some important differences still exist : consistency,
analytical skill, motivation, sociability, learning ability,
2011 Essay 2
... The extensions of the theory of natural selection that explain the evolution of social behaviors are
kin selection, reciprocal altruism, parent-offspring conflict, and sexual selection.. State what these
mechanisms are and why, in the light of the kinds and frequency of social behaviors we find in a ...
... • Mutation (errors in reproduction)
• Selection (selecting fitter types relative to
Test Worthiness The Curve Reliability Validity
... – Construct
U Eyewitness Testimony
... Detectives who were trained in the Cognitive
Interview process obtained on average 47 percent more useful information after training compared to their pretraining interviews. In fact, for
one detective the amount of useful information
obtained increased 115 percent.
When comparison was made between ...
Study Questions midterm
... 3. What’s the difference between self esteem, self-efficacy and LOC? Give an example of each.
Self-esteem is one’s judgement about how others feel about you. That is, it is a judgement of one’s
social standing. Self-efficacy is the degree to which you feel you can successfully accomplish some task ...
Discussion 1: Theory - UCI Social Sciences
... 4) the maximum possible dissonance is equal to the resistance to
change of the less "resistant cognition"; therefore, once dissonance
reaches a certain level, one of the dissonant cognition will be
changed or eliminated, and dissonance will be reduced.
Evaluation of naturalistic observation
... people know they are being observed, they change
their behaviour due to the issues of evaluation
apprehension (worrying about being judged) and
social desirability bias (wanting to appear socially
desirable – ie. Seen in a positive light). This will
therefore reduce the internal validity of the rese ...
Intro to Research
... Qualitative methods: data collection methods such
as participant observation, intensive interviewing,
and focus groups that are designed to capture
social life as participants experience it rather than in
categories predetermined by the researcher
Study Session 1 Powerpoint
... C. All female college students
The behavior of interest is eating disorders in all
female college students. The female college
students are the POPULATION. Since, it is very
difficult to study the entire population of female
college students, the experimenter uses female
students on one college cam ...
Clinical Research Methods
... •Theoretical Variable -- This is what we are really
interested in. The actual thing that we would like to
Communication Styles - Online Talent Manager
... This test maps a candidate's Communication Style, how does a candidate sees himself/herself as behaving
in social interactions. It has been shown that social interactions can be described in 2 ways, namely
"Targeting" and "Content". Targeting refers to which party in a conversation is the most recep ...
... 14. Discuss the relationship between job satisfaction and job performance for individual
employees and for work groups.
a. Most job satisfaction research has focused on individual employees.
b. Recently, efforts have focused on collective (team) measures of job satisfaction.
c. Employee satisfaction ...
Neural Correlates of Selection
... • Single Unit Recordings: Delayed Match-toSample task
• Question: does attention modulate spike
rate of neurons that respond to visual
2003 AP Psychology Scoring Guidelines - AP Central
... These materials were produced by Educational Testing Service® (ETS®), which develops and administers the examinations of the Advanced Placement
Program for the College Board. The College Board and Educational Testing Service (ETS) are dedicated to the principle of equal opportunity, and their
TASC Test Objective Structure - TASC : Test Assessing Secondary
... the Core Idea of Engineering Design. However,
some performance expectations in Physical
Sciences, Life Sciences, and Earth and Space
Sciences integrate engineering through a Practice
or Disciplinary Core Idea. Items aligned to those
performance expectations may require examinees
to demonstrate their ...
Extra grant for applicants with reduced functional ability for autumn
... grant is intended for applicants who are capable of studying, but due to reduced functional ability, use so much time and energy
on their studies that they cannot engage in paid employment while also studying, without this affecting their normal educational
progress. A physician, specialist or other ...
Natural and sexual selection in a monogamous historical human
... and similar for both social classes (χ21 = 0.097, P = 0.75). Among
individuals who survived to reproductive age (age 15 y), the
probability of marrying at least once (w2) was also lower in men
than in women (0.82 and 0.88, respectively, χ21 = 27.8, P < 0.001)
but similar for both social classes (χ21 ...
Kin selection is the key to altruism Kevin R. Foster
... structure of any one species had been formed for the
exclusive good of another species, it would annihilate my
We know of no such examples for either kin selection or
natural selection. It is perhaps surprising, therefore, that
both of Wilson’s papers claim that altruism can evolve
Personnel selection is the process used to hire (or, less commonly, promote) individuals. Although the term can apply to all aspects of the process (recruitment, selection, hiring, acculturation, etc.) the most common meaning focuses on the selection of workers. In this respect, selected prospects are separated from rejected applicants with the intention of choosing the person who will be the most successful and make the most valuable contributions to the organization.