brief history of the shia ismaili imams
... hearing the sound of their footsteps, grieved within himself. It was a critical moment when the
sword of the blood-thirsty enemy was hanging on their heads. The Prophet quieted the fears of
Abu Bakr with the words: "Do no be grieved, for surely God is with us." For full three days, the
Prophet remai ...
Unity and Identity after Ashura in Islamic History
... murderers of Imam and revenge on them. Solidarity that had been created by
Tawwabin was sacrificial by hundered old leaders (more than 60 years old) of
Arab tribes (Ja’fari 1999: 262). This kind of solidarity was really amazing and
incredible when Umawi tyrannies renewed old tribal confilicts and fr ...
Islam Sects - Muslim Hope
... sent by God, yet their beliefs are so different from
what is taught in the Qur’an. They believe their beliefs
supersede the “truth” God gave in the Qur’an.
Like Muslims the Druze respect Jesus as a prophet,
and believe the Bible was given by God, yet the
beliefs of both Druze and Muslims are so diff ...
The Great Schism of Islam
... of imams, although both lines were descendants of Hussein through his great-grandson
Ja’far as-Sadiq. The Ithna ‘Ashari follow the descendants of Ja’far’s son Musa al-Kazim;
Isma’ilis follow the descendants of Ja’far’s son Isma’il (hence the name “Isma’ilis”).
The Ithna ‘Ashari Shi’a claim that Sunn ...
Imam Husayn`s Mission
... fore hajj ceremonies, the Imam was forcing the indifferent Muslims to think why would the grandson of the
Prophet leave Mecca before completing the hajj. This
line of thought would eventually lead to the conclusion
that in Husayn’s views, Yazid does not deserve to be the
leader of the Muslim communi ...
IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS)
... 2007:Vol.1:171). As a result, Shia Muslims often venerate their Imams as saints and perform pilgrimages to
their tombs and shrines in quest for divine intercession; as they do to Karbala, Al-Najaf (Iraq), Medina (Saudi
Arabia), Cairo, Damascus, Mashhad and Qum (Iran). Throughout history, Shia Muslim ...
SECTS AND SUB-SECTS OF INDIAN MUSLIMS
... changed anything slightly or added just any word apart from this
written believes and Sunnatien and Shariah come under the sect at
Non Ahle Sunnat wal Jamat.
Those are the important Ahadith (Ahadis) means (farman)
regarding the Sects.4
1. In this Hadith the Prophet (S.A.S.) is reported to have said ...
In the Name of the Most High
... and the Sharia (Islamic law). To his supporters, Imam Ali’s
succession seemed to be part of Allah’s divine will, and not
merely based on the whims of the people. This event would
later evolve into a political split with cultural repercussions.
The supporters of Ali, in Arabic, were called “Shia”, an ...
The development of the Shi`a concept of the imamate
... Muslims that the concept of the imamah merits study. This paper will therefore focus on the theoretical concept of the imamah as espoused by the
different groups of the Shift.
This paper relies mainly on the materials written in the English language
available at both the University of Pennsylvania a ...
Origins and Beliefs of Sunni and Shi`ah Islam
Imamis accept twelve imams of whom the twelfth was Muhammad al-Muntazar.
Both groups believe that their last Imam did not die but disappeared mysteriously and is the Hidden Imam who will return
at the end of the world. Some people think that this returning figure will be the prophet ‘Isa (J ...
Sunni and Shi`a: Succession and Imams
... whoever succeeded him would not be another Prophet. However, just as Muhammad
had been the spiritual, legal, political and military leader of the community, so all four
responsibilities were to rest upon the shoulders of his successors.
The Sunni view on succession to Muhammad
It is no surprise to u ...
- 1 - The Institute of Ismaili Studies Intellectual life in Fatimid Times A
... traced back to the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, the name ‘Ismaili’ came to be used
in later centuries for the body of followers of Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq “who remained
faithful to the line of his descendants through his elder son and designated heir, Imam
The next four Imams succeeding ...
history of the islamic shiites (shias)
... the majority of the Muslims called Sunnis.
This conflict is best seen in 656 CE when the disagreement over the rightful caliph turns into
civil war. Muslims who are not Ali’s followers are angered by Ali’s lack of concern with bringing
Uthman’s murderers to justice.
The first subsect of Shia’ism dev ...
Paul E. Walker, ed. and tr. Orations of the Fatimid Caliphs: Festival
... Khojah) Ismailis, and the Tayyibi (Daudi and Sulaymani or Bohra) Ismailis,
they were in the 900s widely followed in the Muslim world, including in parts
of South Asia (Sindh and Gujrat).
Ismaili Sh┘‘ism had emerged out of the succession crisis that resulted from
the death of Ja‘far al-╗┐diq in 765, ...
here - Interfaith Explorers
... o This is and is the school followed by the majority of Shia Muslims
around the world.
o Isma’ili: a minority school within Shia Islam which is branches off from
the 6th Shia Imam. They believe in a ‘living’ Imam who is referred to
as the Aga Khan
o Bohra: another minority school which is also an of ...
Shi`ite Islam - World Religions
... force. They had limited success. In the late ninth century they established a state in
Yemen, where fivers continued in power until 1963.
Seveners and twelvers differ over the question of who was the seventh imam. Seveners
say it was Ismail, the older son of the sixth imam. His father had appointed ...
The Institute of Ismaili Studies
... The Institute of Ismaili Studies
The Ismaili Community
The Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims, generally known as the Ismailis, belong to the Shia
branch of Islam. The Shia form one of the two major branches of Islam, the Sunni being
the other. The Ismailis live in over 25 different countries, mainly in Cen ...
Division and Umma - White Plains Public Schools
... referred to simply as the Shi’a or Shi’ites. This group felt that the caliph should be
chosen from the family of the Prophet. They had opposed the election of the first
three caliphs. Ali, as the cousin and also the son-in-law of Muhammad, having
married his daughter Fatima, was the first caliph to ...
Definitions of Frequently Used Islamic Terms
... Muhammad, The Prophet - The name of the Prophet of Islam. Muhammad was born in 570AD. His
father was Abd Allah, son of Abd al-Muttalib, and grandson of Hisham, the founder of the Hashimite clan of
the Quaraysh. “Muhammad is a descendant of Ishmael and Abraham, and heir to God’s promise to Hagar:
Islam - TypePad
... • Belief in religious purity
• Only descendents of Ali could be the imam or
– Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law
• The first 11 caliphs were assassinated
• The 11th imam’s son disappeared and the
hereditary line ended (Muhammad al-Madhi)
• After this time, “twelver” Shi’ism beg ...
Islam: Causes of Division - Bellview Church of Christ
... Ptolemaeus. God is seen as pure Unity, the One, without
attributes, incomprehensible to human thought. He is only to be
approached by His emanations. He manifests Himself through
prime or spiritual matters; here the Universal Intellect, or Nous,
is emanated. To it is imparted the Divine knowledge. I ...
... Ismailis are Shi'a Muslims who claim that Ismail, the eldest son of Imam Jaffar, was the rightful ruler of all Muslims. They
are also known as the "Seveners", because Imam Jaffar was the seventh and, according to them, the last Imam. An
important Shi‘i Muslim community, the Ismailis as an entity eme ...
Islamic schools and branches (wikipedia)
... Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq, where Ali the first Shī‘ah Imam is buried.
In addition to believing in the authority of the Qur'an and teachings of the Muhammad,
Shia believe that his family, the Ahl al-Bayt (the "People of the House"), including his
descendants known as Imams, have special spiritu ...
Ismāʿīlism (Arabic: الإسماعيلية al-Ismāʿīliyya; Persian: اسماعیلیان; Sindhi: اسماعيلي; Kurdish: Ismaili; Esmāʿiliyān) is a branch of Shia Islam whose adherents are also known as Seveners and Agha Khanies. The Ismāʿīlī (/ˌɪsmeɪˈɪli/) get their name from their acceptance of Isma'il ibn Jafar as the appointed spiritual successor (Imām) to Ja'far al-Sadiq, wherein they differ from the Twelvers, who accept Musa al-Kadhim, younger brother of Isma'il, as the true Imām.Tracing its earliest theology to the lifetime of Muhammad, Ismailism rose at one point to become the largest branch of Shī‘ism, climaxing as a political power with the Fatimid Caliphate in the tenth through twelfth centuries. Ismailis believe in the oneness of God, as well as the closing of divine revelation with Muhammad, whom they see as ""the final Prophet and Messenger of God to all humanity"". The Ismāʿīlī and the Twelvers both accept the same initial Imams from the descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and therefore share much of their early history. Both groups see the family of Muhammad (the Ahl al-Bayt) as divinely chosen, infallible (ismah), and guided by God to lead the Islamic community (Ummah), a belief that distinguishes them from the majority Sunni branch of Islam.After the death of Muhammad ibn Ismail in the 8th century AD, the teachings of Ismailism further transformed into the belief system as it is known today, with an explicit concentration on the deeper, esoteric meaning (batin) of the Islamic religion. With the eventual development of Twelverism into the more literalistic (zahir) oriented Akhbari and later Usuli schools of thought, Shi'i Islam developed into two separate directions: the metaphorical Ismaili group focusing on the mystical path and nature of God, with the ""Imām of the Time"" representing the manifestation of truth and reality, with the more literalistic Twelver group focusing on divine law (sharia) and the deeds and sayings (sunnah) of Muhammad and the Twelve Imams who were guides and a light to God.Though there are several paths (tariqat) within Ismailism, the term in today's vernacular generally refers to the Nizaris, who recognize the Aga Khan IV as the 49th hereditary Imam and is the largest Ismaili group. In recent centuries Ismāʿīlīs have largely been a Pakistani, Afghan, and Indian community, but Ismailis are also found in Bangladesh, Syria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Jordan, Kurdistan, East Africa, Angola, Lebanon, and South Africa, and have in recent years emigrated to Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Trinidad and Tobago. There are also a significant number of Ismāʿīlīs in Central Asia.