... • Around 70% of Shias live in Iran, Pakistan, India
• Major Sects: Imami (Twelvers) Ismailis (Seveners)
Possible Response: The Ismaili Sect of Islam
... The various sects of Shi’ia (which means ‘party’ [of ‘Ali]) do not venerate the first three caliphs,
but nearly all venerate ‘Ali, Hasan, Husayn, and Husayn’s son, Ali Zayn al-Abidin as true Imams.
(Those who venerate the Imams are also referred to as ‘Imami’.) However, after Ali Zayn alAbidin, half ...
colo 2_13 - Grand Encampment, Knights Templar
... reenacted annually by devout Shiites and has come to represent the
resistance of truth to materialistic tyranny.
Things are further complicated in that the passing of the nass, or
the spiritual authority to rule the religion, is often contested. Thus we
have Caliphs suppressing Shiite movements, mur ...
Lesson D Sunni and Shia Flipped learning
... Believe in Muhammad’s teachings and religious guidance of his family,
which is referred to Ahl al-Bayt
Bloodline continues through daughter, Fatima, and Son-in-law/cousin,
Believe descendants are Imams fathered by ‘Ali
First three rulings of Sunni Caliphs is seen as an occurrence in history
Living the Ethics of One`s Faith: The Aga Khan`s
... The capitalized term “Imam” is not to be confused with the uncapitalized term “imam”
or clerical leader. As the Aga Khan explained in his address to the Canadian Parliament in
February 2014,“The Sunni position is that the Prophet nominated no successor, and that
spiritual-moral authority belongs to ...
... too ill to lead the now traditional Friday congregational prayer
in the mosque. A widely respected tradition states that
Muhammad deputized Abu-Bakr to lead the prayers on His
behalf. If true, this did much to strengthen Abu-Bakr's claim
to be Muhammad's successor. Another incident … has AbuBakr mak ...
EMERGING SHIA SECT OF 21ST CENTURY : ISMAILI MUSLIMS
... low profile in past Islamic world, Shia Ismaili Muslims are fast emerging as
one of the most visible and internationally recognized Shia Ismaili Muslim
communities of 21st century.
Within the Shia theological framework, the concept of taqiyah* refers to a
dispensation allowing believers to conceal t ...
Islamic schools and branches (wikipedia)
... Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq, where Ali the first Shī‘ah Imam is buried.
In addition to believing in the authority of the Qur'an and teachings of the Muhammad,
Shia believe that his family, the Ahl al-Bayt (the "People of the House"), including his
descendants known as Imams, have special spiritu ...
... Ismailis are Shi'a Muslims who claim that Ismail, the eldest son of Imam Jaffar, was the rightful ruler of all Muslims. They
are also known as the "Seveners", because Imam Jaffar was the seventh and, according to them, the last Imam. An
important Shi‘i Muslim community, the Ismailis as an entity eme ...
Islam: Causes of Division - Bellview Church of Christ
... Ptolemaeus. God is seen as pure Unity, the One, without
attributes, incomprehensible to human thought. He is only to be
approached by His emanations. He manifests Himself through
prime or spiritual matters; here the Universal Intellect, or Nous,
is emanated. To it is imparted the Divine knowledge. I ...
Islam - TypePad
... • Belief in religious purity
• Only descendents of Ali could be the imam or
– Ali was Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law
• The first 11 caliphs were assassinated
• The 11th imam’s son disappeared and the
hereditary line ended (Muhammad al-Madhi)
• After this time, “twelver” Shi’ism beg ...
Definitions of Frequently Used Islamic Terms
... Muhammad, The Prophet - The name of the Prophet of Islam. Muhammad was born in 570AD. His
father was Abd Allah, son of Abd al-Muttalib, and grandson of Hisham, the founder of the Hashimite clan of
the Quaraysh. “Muhammad is a descendant of Ishmael and Abraham, and heir to God’s promise to Hagar:
Division and Umma - White Plains Public Schools
... referred to simply as the Shi’a or Shi’ites. This group felt that the caliph should be
chosen from the family of the Prophet. They had opposed the election of the first
three caliphs. Ali, as the cousin and also the son-in-law of Muhammad, having
married his daughter Fatima, was the first caliph to ...
The Institute of Ismaili Studies
... The Institute of Ismaili Studies
The Ismaili Community
The Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims, generally known as the Ismailis, belong to the Shia
branch of Islam. The Shia form one of the two major branches of Islam, the Sunni being
the other. The Ismailis live in over 25 different countries, mainly in Cen ...
Shi`ite Islam - World Religions
... force. They had limited success. In the late ninth century they established a state in
Yemen, where fivers continued in power until 1963.
Seveners and twelvers differ over the question of who was the seventh imam. Seveners
say it was Ismail, the older son of the sixth imam. His father had appointed ...
here - Interfaith Explorers
... o This is and is the school followed by the majority of Shia Muslims
around the world.
o Isma’ili: a minority school within Shia Islam which is branches off from
the 6th Shia Imam. They believe in a ‘living’ Imam who is referred to
as the Aga Khan
o Bohra: another minority school which is also an of ...
Paul E. Walker, ed. and tr. Orations of the Fatimid Caliphs: Festival
... Khojah) Ismailis, and the Tayyibi (Daudi and Sulaymani or Bohra) Ismailis,
they were in the 900s widely followed in the Muslim world, including in parts
of South Asia (Sindh and Gujrat).
Ismaili Sh┘‘ism had emerged out of the succession crisis that resulted from
the death of Ja‘far al-╗┐diq in 765, ...
history of the islamic shiites (shias)
... the majority of the Muslims called Sunnis.
This conflict is best seen in 656 CE when the disagreement over the rightful caliph turns into
civil war. Muslims who are not Ali’s followers are angered by Ali’s lack of concern with bringing
Uthman’s murderers to justice.
The first subsect of Shia’ism dev ...
- 1 - The Institute of Ismaili Studies Intellectual life in Fatimid Times A
... traced back to the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad, the name ‘Ismaili’ came to be used
in later centuries for the body of followers of Imam Ja‘far al-Sadiq “who remained
faithful to the line of his descendants through his elder son and designated heir, Imam
The next four Imams succeeding ...
Sunni and Shi`a: Succession and Imams
... whoever succeeded him would not be another Prophet. However, just as Muhammad
had been the spiritual, legal, political and military leader of the community, so all four
responsibilities were to rest upon the shoulders of his successors.
The Sunni view on succession to Muhammad
It is no surprise to u ...
Origins and Beliefs of Sunni and Shi`ah Islam
Imamis accept twelve imams of whom the twelfth was Muhammad al-Muntazar.
Both groups believe that their last Imam did not die but disappeared mysteriously and is the Hidden Imam who will return
at the end of the world. Some people think that this returning figure will be the prophet ‘Isa (J ...
Ismāʿīlism (Arabic: الإسماعيلية al-Ismāʿīliyya; Persian: اسماعیلیان; Sindhi: اسماعيلي; Kurdish: Ismaili; Esmāʿiliyān) is a branch of Shia Islam whose adherents are also known as Seveners and Agha Khanies. The Ismāʿīlī (/ˌɪsmeɪˈɪli/) get their name from their acceptance of Isma'il ibn Jafar as the appointed spiritual successor (Imām) to Ja'far al-Sadiq, wherein they differ from the Twelvers, who accept Musa al-Kadhim, younger brother of Isma'il, as the true Imām.Tracing its earliest theology to the lifetime of Muhammad, Ismailism rose at one point to become the largest branch of Shī‘ism, climaxing as a political power with the Fatimid Caliphate in the tenth through twelfth centuries. Ismailis believe in the oneness of God, as well as the closing of divine revelation with Muhammad, whom they see as ""the final Prophet and Messenger of God to all humanity"". The Ismāʿīlī and the Twelvers both accept the same initial Imams from the descendants of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and therefore share much of their early history. Both groups see the family of Muhammad (the Ahl al-Bayt) as divinely chosen, infallible (ismah), and guided by God to lead the Islamic community (Ummah), a belief that distinguishes them from the majority Sunni branch of Islam.After the death of Muhammad ibn Ismail in the 8th century AD, the teachings of Ismailism further transformed into the belief system as it is known today, with an explicit concentration on the deeper, esoteric meaning (batin) of the Islamic religion. With the eventual development of Twelverism into the more literalistic (zahir) oriented Akhbari and later Usuli schools of thought, Shi'i Islam developed into two separate directions: the metaphorical Ismaili group focusing on the mystical path and nature of God, with the ""Imām of the Time"" representing the manifestation of truth and reality, with the more literalistic Twelver group focusing on divine law (sharia) and the deeds and sayings (sunnah) of Muhammad and the Twelve Imams who were guides and a light to God.Though there are several paths (tariqat) within Ismailism, the term in today's vernacular generally refers to the Nizaris, who recognize the Aga Khan IV as the 49th hereditary Imam and is the largest Ismaili group. In recent centuries Ismāʿīlīs have largely been a Pakistani, Afghan, and Indian community, but Ismailis are also found in Bangladesh, Syria, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Jordan, Kurdistan, East Africa, Angola, Lebanon, and South Africa, and have in recent years emigrated to Europe, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the United States, and Trinidad and Tobago. There are also a significant number of Ismāʿīlīs in Central Asia.