Carolingian culture: emulation and innovation
... now clarified and qualified the terms of their support for kings and emperors,
while aristocratic groupings formed by and around royal regimes recalled ideas
of rights and of consent which could justify restraints on, and even resistance to,
In the latter part of the period, more intens ...
Royal Power Grows - individualsandsocieties
... and won the backing of the pope. He then sailed across the English
Channel to England. At the Battle of Hastings, William and his Norman
knights triumphed over Harold. William the Conqueror, as he was
now called, became king of England on Christmas Day 1066.
Although William’s French-speaking nobles ...
Medieval Law and the Foundations of the State
... and tenants, especially the obligation of lords to warrant their own and
their ancestors’ grants. The king stepped in ﬁrst to protect the lands of
churches, because they had often lost the patronage of (Anglo-Saxon)
founding families at the Conquest.101
The earliest orders to overlords or sheriffs t ...
The Anglo Saxons
... and an Irish monk called him 'the pillar of the dignity
of the western world'. But his victory did not put an
end to the Viking threat in the north, nor to the slow
expansion of the power of the Scots.
The History of England From the Norman Conquest to the
... at Berkhampsted, thirty miles away, but if we could accept the suggestion which has been
made that Little Berkhampsted was the place intended, the distance would agree better with
the express statement of the chaplain, William of Poitiers, that the city was in sight from the
place of conference. It ...
King Philip II of Spain
... eventually forced to retreat. The fyrd, this time chased the Flemings down the hill. William
ordered his knights to turn and attack the men who had left the line. Once again the
English suffered many casualties.
William decided to take another rest. He had lost a quarter of his cavalry. Many horses
Scottish Wars of Independence 1286–1328
... Alexander III became king at the age of eight, after the death of his father.
He was weak at first and controlled by the regent (guardian) Alan Durward.
Durward was unpopular with many of the Scottish nobles and Alexander was able to get rid of
him by asking help from Henry III of England ...
How many freemen, villagers and slaves are there in the manor
... In 1067 William and his army went on a tour of
England where he organised the confiscating of
lands, built castles and established law and
order. His chroniclers claim that he met no
opposition during his travels around the
country. No baron was given very large plots of
land but dispersed. The ide ...
... strengthen his authority. He did not abandon the system inherited from his predecessors, but expanded it. He was
a tireless traveller who controlled the effectiveness of his officials across his realm and administered the law and
justice. His court consisted of both clergymen and laymen who performe ...
Struggle for Power in England
... the translation of certain books from Latin to AngloSaxon. At his command, too, scholars began a history
of England from the earliest times. Work on tbis history, known as the Anglo-Saxon Chronic.le, continued
for some 250 years after Alfred's death in 899.
Danish rule. During the 900s Alfred's succ ...
Doncaster Borough Charter of King Richard II, 17 December 1381
... perhaps nearly a thousand years after they were first measured out, on large-scale maps of the
town centre, lining Frenchgate and High Street. The name 'Frenchgate' itself has historical
significance. As the 'Street of the French' it may well be the place where the Norman settlers
lived following th ...
Years - Amazon Web Services
... William and his nobles were greedy for gold and silver and did not care how they got it. The King
took land from the English without pity and gave it to the highest bidder. He did not care about how
the land was seized from the English or what the result was for the English people. The Normans did
The reign of King Henry II - Eckman
1483- 1483: The young Edward V (eldest son of King Edward IV and
Elizabeth Woodville) should have reigned
1483 The boy king was on his way to his coronation in London but
was intercepted by his uncle, and Protector ( who would become
Richard III ). Edward was escorted to London and then to the
HONORS Early Middle Ages Notes for kids
... A. Main Idea
1. The power of kings grew and the nature of ______________
changed across Europe in the early Middle Ages.
B. The Norman Conquest
1. _________________ rulers first to unify England under a strong
2. 1066, king died without heir; two men claimed throne: Harold,
King John and the Magna Carta
... How did the barons strike back?
In 1214 many barons rebelled against John.
They believed that he could not rule the
country properly and was treating them
unfairly. If someone did not do something
the whole country could be ruined!
In 1215 the barons forced John to grant a
charter, which was the ...
Medieval Notes - Ms. Burcham`s English Class
... The morality play is a medieval religious ______________________
in the form of a drama.
Allegory: a narrative work or a drama in which almost all the
_______________, setting, and events represent abstract ideas such as
patience and greed; actors in morality plays played the roles of virtues
The Power of Kings
... several counties in France. In 1152 King
Henry II (England) married Eleanor of
Aquitaine (France) that forced more French
land into English hands.
In 1328, the French king died, and King
Edward III of England, whose mother was a
French princess, claimed to be king of France
under feudal law. Frenc ...
World History and Geography Study List
... which was the center of the northern trade system. It was also an important market for
English wool. The English attempt to control this region plus the English attempt to
claim the throne of France after the last Captain king died caused the Hundred Years’
War to start in 1337.
22. Battle of Crecy ...
File - World History
... (1) Why did feudalism
(1) Because of invasions
(2) What was the name of (3) Manorialism
the land given to
REMINDER: Missing work
should be turned into 4th
(3) What is the economic
period bin TODAY in order to
system that developed
receive credit for progress
from feudalism ...
Renaissance Scotland 1450-1540
... politics. The crown won control of the Northern Isles through James III's
marriage to the Danish princess in 1472, and of the Western Isles, by annexing
the Lordship of the Isles in 1493. But these were internally conservative, stable
societies. Royal intervention destabilised them but did not provi ...
Kingdom of Alba
The Kingdom of Alba refers to the Kingdom of Scotland between the deaths of Donald II (Domnall mac Causantin) in 900, and of Alexander III in 1286 which then led indirectly to the Scottish Wars of Independence. The name is one of convenience, as throughout this period the elite and populace of the Kingdom were predominantly Pictish-Gaels or later Pictish-Gaels and Scoto-Norman, and differs markedly from the period of the Stuarts, in which the elite of the kingdom were (for the most part) speakers of Middle English, which later evolved and came to be called Lowland Scots. There is no precise Gaelic equivalent for the English terminology 'Kingdom of Alba' as the Gaelic term Rìoghachd na h-Alba means 'Kingdom of Scotland'. English speaking scholars adapted the Gaelic name for Scotland to apply to a particular political period in Scottish history during the High Middle Ages.