... factors that influence risks of general and central obesity . We previously reported for the first time
that fried food consumption interacted with genetic background in relation to obesity in the NHS and
HPFS cohorts, highlighting the importance of reducing fried food consumption among individu ...
Sample Chapter: Chapter 14
... 1 Carbohydrates make people fat.
2 People shaped like “apples” have greater health
risks than people shaped like “pears.”
3 Anyone with a high body mass index (BMI) is at risk for health problems.
4 Inactivity is a major cause of obesity in Americans.
5 Obesity-related health problems improve only a ...
Reducing the global burden of type 2 diabetes
... “complex change in patterns of health and disease and
on the interactions between these patterns and their
demographic, economic and sociologic determinants
and consequences” . The drivers of the epidemiologic
transition are multifactorial, but include social and economic growth, urbanization, an ...
Preventing excess weight gain
... as those aimed at preventing cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes, improving mental wellbeing
or increasing active travel.
Excess weight may increase the risk of coronary heart disease, hypertension, liver disease,
osteoarthritis, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers such as breast, colon, ...
Increased Intake of Foods with High Nutrient Density Can Help to
... are also elevated to varying degrees during the different phases of pregnancy . Therefore, a diet rich
in essential nutrients at a moderate energy density to avoid both obesity and micronutrient deficiencies
is crucial for the long-term health of the mother and the child.
Additionally, it has be ...
To what extent have sweetened beverages
... however, are well documented(11–13), and when combined with dramatic increases in energy supply, have
likely left the US population susceptible to obesity. This
susceptibility is due, in part, to the fact that an individual’s
energy homeostasis relies upon physiological signals both
for hunger – whi ...
The Obesity Epidemic
... Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat (adipose tissue) in the body, caused
by the consumption of more calories than is necessary to provide the
required energy for each day’s activity, thus falling foul of the energy balance
Some working in this area of public health feel strongly tha ...
Awareness of food and health choices
... Conversely a diet high in processed foods, containing high proportions of fat, sugar, and salt and a low
intake of fruit and vegetables together with a sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of a range of noncommunicable, largely preventable diseases in our communities. Diet is a modifiable risk fac ...
EMPLOYER MANUAL Healthy Eating Toolkit for Workplaces
... are lower in fat, sugar and salt.1
Quite often, the portion sizes that we
typically eat are much larger than the
recommended portion sizes in Canada’s
Food Guide.1 For example, a plate of
pasta served in a restaurant may contain
3 cups of pasta, which is equivalent to 6
servings of grain products in ...
Body Image Education as a Preventive Measure for Eating
... Obesity and eating disorders are major public health concerns. Prevention of these
problems while children and adolescents are still young is paramount. Programs aimed at
preventing only obesity or eating disorders have limited success, limited availability to
those at highest risk, and in some case ...
Diet and overweight
... concern . In 2009, the prevalence of overweight was 13-15% among Dutch children and
adolescents . A total of 2% of the children were obese, which represents a 4 to 6 fold
increase compared to the 1980 obesity prevalence in children.
A high BMI is an established risk factor for various health p ...
Sugar Sweetened Beverages, Obesity
... Within the data used to inform this report, the term ‘sugar-sweetened beverages’ is defined
differently in different surveys and by different researchers. It usually encompasses sugarsweetened soft drinks as well as cordials, sugar-sweetened fruit drinks, sports drinks, iced teas
and energy drinks. ...
AGA Technical Review on Obesity
... the recent epidemic of obesity. Energy consumption has
increased presumably because more meals are eaten outside the home, serving sizes are larger, there is greater
availability of convenience and snack foods, and there is
an increase in food variety and palatability. Advances in
technology have le ...
Behavioral approaches to the treatment of obesity
... themselves at least once per week (26). Furthermore,
participants who decreased their self-weighing frequency
over a one-year period gained significantly more weight
than those whose self-weighing frequency increased or
stayed the same (26). Self-monitoring of weight may
help participants catch smal ...
WEIGHT CHANGE AMONG COLLEGE
... The health consequences associated with obesity are not unique to adults.
Premature mortality and significant morbidity in young people are also associated with
obesity (Rubenstein 2005). Approximately 60% of overweight children and adolescents
have at least one additional risk factor for cardiovasc ...
DIETARY ASSOCIATIONS THAT MAY REDUCE
... years of age) is also affected, with 55.8% of individuals who are overweight or obese – the
equivalent of about 5.9 million people (Barquera, Campos-Nonato et al., 2009).
Obesity is related to the development of other conditions, including, but not limited to:
abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, elevat ...
persatuan pemakanan malaysia
... guest of honour, YB Dato’ Sri Liow Tiong Lai, Minister of Health Malaysia. We are indeed
honoured to have Yang Berhormat launching the silver jubilee commemorative book of the
NSM. This book documents NSM’s unwavering commitment to support nutrition for life.
YB shall also launch a video highlightin ...
the grain chain: consumption of whole grain foods and their links
... This research paper is intended to raise awareness of the benefits of whole grains in the diet as well as to
educate the consumer on how to select whole grain products. Scientific studies are reviewed, and the
beneficial effects of human consumption of whole grain foods are summarized.
Whole grain i ...
... SWEETENERS FOR WEIGHT MANAGEMENT
Balancing intake of sugars with the inclusion of low calorie
sweeteners may help to reduce the overall amount of
calories consumed. This, combined with regular physical
activity, is critical for weight control, weight loss and the
prevention of weight gain and relate ...
Obesity in the Middle East and North Africa
Obesity in North Africa and the Middle East is a notable health issue. In 2005, the World Health Organization measured that 1.6 billion people were overweight and 400 million were obese. It estimates that by the year 2015, 2.3 billion people will be overweight and 700 million will be obese. The Middle East, including the Arabian Peninsula, Eastern Mediterranean, Turkey and Iran, and North Africa, are no exception to the worldwide increase in obesity. Subsequently, some call this trend the New World Syndrome. The lifestyle changes associated with the discovery of oil and the subsequent increase in wealth is one contributing factor.Urbanization has occurred rapidly and has been accompanied by new technologies that promote sedentary lifestyles. Due to accessibility of private cars, television, and household appliances, the population as a whole is engaging in less physical activity. The rise in caloric and fat intake in a region where exercise is not a defining part of the culture has added to the overall increased percentages of overweight and obese populations. In addition, women are more likely to be overweight or obese due to cultural norms and perceptions of appropriate female behavior and occupations inside and outside of the home.