... The End of World War II
Battle of the Bulge
December 16, ________________
Hitler was facing a ________ _______________ war (British and ____________________
troops from the west and _____________________ troops from the east
Hitler ___________________________ by hitting in the west
Hoped to ...
... By this time, Italians had turned on Mussolini, and officials had imprisoned him. Although he
escaped, the new Italian government surrendered to the Allies in September 1943.
What events helped put Germany on the defensive?
Germans attack Stalingrad - September, 1942
German forces attacked the Rus ...
... In May 1942, the British Royal Air Force carried out a raid on the German city of Cologne with
a thousand bombers, for the first time bringing war home to Germany. For the next three years,
Allied air forces systematically bombed industrial plants and cities all over the Reich, reducing
much of urba ...
... slept in the Underground.)
-British quickly rebuilt air strength & began inflicting major losses vs. German bombers.
-Royal Air Force outnumbered, but fought bravely: “Never before in the course of human history, have so
many, owed so much, to so few.” (Winston Churchill)
-Churchill elected prime mi ...
... knockout blow, the Allies launched the invasion of France
known as ‘D-Day’. This landing of several hundred
thousand Allies troops drew German strength away from
the Eastern Front, enabling the Russians to rapidly
advance. It also enabled the liberation of France after four
years of Nazi occupation. ...
... U.S. – Franklin D Roosevelt
Great Britain- Winston Churchill
Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin
• Agree that Germany is
the bigger threat
• Joseph Stalin (U.S.S.R)
asks for U.S. and
England to invade
• Churchill thinks they do
not have the resources
for such an attack.
... America mobilized 12 million soldiers
— about the same number as did the
Soviet Union, despite having a
population of about 40 million fewer
American war production proved
astonishing. At the huge Willow Run
plant in Michigan, the greatest
generation turned out a B-24 heavy
bomber every ho ...
... objective: take beach & town back from Germans
arrived and mowed down by German fire: 900 dead, 1000 wounded, 1900 taken prisoner – more Canadian
troops died in those few hours than on any other day of WWII
problems: met an enemy convoy on the way, last minute plans to scrap aerial bombardment of fo ...
... Canadians fought and took Sicily from the German Army
– Codenamed “Operation Husky”
The Campaign of Italy was designed to take the
pressure off their Russian Allies and pull German troops
out of north-western Europe readying the area for
9th September, 1943 the attack began on I ...
... over their country – so Marked turning point in the war because Hitler's
army was stuck in the harsh winter weather and
unable to recover. 230,000 German soldiers
died. Germany at one point had controlled the
majority of the city but the Soviets pulled back
and counterattacked & were the victors!
... territory in France. They began pressing east toward Germany’s capital, Berlin
In the east, Hitler’s army invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 in the largest
military action in history. Both sides suffered heavy losses, and the German
army failed to reach the Soviet capital, Moscow. St ...
... Germany, USSR signed nonaggression pact (August 23, 1939)
After German defeat of Poland, Germany and USSR divided Poland
USSR invaded Finland November 30, 1939 (“The Winter War”)
• 250,000 Finnish troops vs. 1,000,000 Soviets
... Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, the attack was led by Gen. Aleksander Vasilevskii along the
southwestern front near the Don River. In five days, Soviet troops, reinforced by Gen. Andrei
Yeremenko's Stalingrad Front forces, had cut off the retreat of the German Sixth Army and
encircled it. German counte ...
... • Preceded by non-stop saturation bombing (by the British) of
German cities and strategic bombing (by the Americans) of
German political and industrial centers, starting in early 1942
• A phony invasion setup had been created to fake out the
• D-Day is the name given to the landing of 160,0 ...
... • During the last days of war in Italy, Mussolini tries to escape by hiding in a German
convoy that is headed to the Alps.
• The convoy is stopped and searched by Italian partisans, who discover Mussolini in
the back of a truck with a private’s overcoat over his striped generals’ pants.
• He is arre ...
... Invasion of the Soviet Union
Stalin did not believe an
invasion would occur until
1942, when both England
and France would be
Total of 3400 tanks and 3
million men used in the
Stalin uses “scorchedearth” policy.
... The Soviets had many objections.They had discovered the Reims document was not one of the
official drafts hammered out by the European Advisory Commission(EAC). They were also aware
that even after the Reims surrender, more than 1 million Germans were either still fighting the
Soviets or trying esca ...
The Siege of Budapest or the Battle of Budapest was the 50-day-long encirclement of the Hungarian capital of Budapest by Soviet forces near the end of World War II. Part of the broader Budapest Offensive, the siege began when Budapest, defended by Hungarian and German troops, was first encircled on 26 December 1944 by the Red Army and the Romanian Army. During the siege, about 38,000 civilians died from starvation and military action. The city unconditionally surrendered on 13 February 1945. It was a strategic victory for the Allies in their push towards Berlin.