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2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
LOWER LEVEL
ROUND 1
1. Welcome to the 2011 Lupercalia Tournament. Think about this sentence: We hope that you play well.
Translate “we hope” in that sentence into Latin.
SPERĀMUS
B1. How would the whole sentence translate into Latin?
Nos SPERĀMUS TĒ/VŌS BENE LUDERE
B2. Change that sentence to mean, “We wished that you had won.”
CUPĪVIMUS/VOLUIMUS TĒ/VŌS VICISSE/SUPERAVISSE
2. In 59 BC, this man married a woman named Julia. He also had a son whom history remembers as a pirate,
and was killed in Egypt after being defeated in battle by Julius Caesar. What man gave himself the name
Magnus?
Gn. POMPEIUS (POMPEY) Magnus
B2. Caesar was married three times, but which of those was Julia’s mother?
CORNELIA
B1. Give the name of Pompey’s son who harassed Italy’s grain supply from Sicily.
SEXTUS POMPEIUS (POMPEY)
3. The oldest Latin inscription of substantial length outlawed the worship of this Roman deity in Italy except
by decree of the senate. Who was this god known to carry the thyrsus and responsible for ritual madness and
wine?
BACCHUS, LIBER
B1. In Greek mythology, Dionysus is the son of Zeus and what mortal who was incinerated when she tricked
Zeus into revealing himself to her?
SEMELE
B2. Bacchus' tutor was Silenus, the chief of what mythological creatures known as bearded, pipe-playing,
companions of Bacchus and Pan?
SATYRS
4. Given the name Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, which is the man’s nomen?
B1. According to Roman customs of naming, what would his daughter’s name be?
B2. If Cornelius is his nomen, what is Africanus?
CORNELIUS
CORNELIA
AGNOMEN
5. The ancient biographer Suetonius gives us quite a few famous quotes from his subjects. What Roman
emperor apparently said, at the moment of his death, “Qualis artifex pereo,” which translates to “Oh what an
artist dies in me”? So too did his dynasty, because he was the last Julio-Claudian emperor.
NERO
B1. Which other Julio-Claudian is quoted on his deathbed saying, “Acta est fabula. Plaudite”?
AUGUSTUS
B2. What other Julio-Claudian couldn’t believe he was actually dying and said, “Adhuc vivo!” This is probably
because he thought he was Jupiter reincarnate.
CALIGULA
6. This Roman king ruled from 673-642 BC and oversaw the destruction of Alba Longa. He also is credited
with building the first curia, which bore his name until it burned down and was rebuilt by Julius Caesar and
Augustus. Name Rome’s third king.
TULLUS HOSTILIUS
B1 and B2. Name both Tullus’ predecessor and successor.
NUMA POMPILIUS, ANCUS MARCIUS
7. Give the second person, plural, imperfect, passive, indicative form of audiō, audīre.
AUDIĒBAMINI
B1. Translate that form.
YOU WERE (BEING) HEARD
B2. Change audiēbāmini to the pluperfect active subjunctive
AUDĪVISSETIS
8. Name the father of these mythical sons: Polydorus, Polites, Helenus, Troilus, Paris, and Hector.
PRIAM
B1. Name the daughter of Priam who was cursed with the gift of prophecy?
CASSANDRA
B2. Who was both Cassandra’s mother and Priam’s wife?
HECUBA
9. Distinguish in meaning between the verbs morior and moror.
MORIOR = TO DIE; MOROR = TO STAY
B1. What about solus and soleō? SOLUS = ALONE/ONLY; SOLEŌ = TO BE ACCUSTOMED
B2. What about servō and serviō?
SERVŌ = TO SAVE, GUARD, PROTECT; SERVIO = TO SERVE, BE A SLAVE
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
10. This city took six years to build and was fully settled in 330 AD. It was modeled on the city of Rome and
its name persisted all the way into the twentieth century, when the Turkish leaders renamed it Istanbul. Name
this capital of the Eastern Roman Empire.
CONSTANTINOPLE
B1. The name apparently lasted a lot longer than the Empire for which it was the capital. In what year did the
Eastern Roman Empire fall?
1453 AD
B2. By what other name do historians refer to the Eastern Roman Empire?
BYZANTINE
11. This meal replaced the cena in later times as the main meal eaten at mid-day for many Romans. Name the
meal that often consisted of breads, cheeses, and (if you were lucky) cured meat.
PRANDIUM
B1. What did Romans call breakfast?
IENTACULUM
B2. In early Rome, cena was the mid-day meal and not the nighttime dinner we might think of. What Roman
meal is this that gets its name from the Latin word for evening?
VESPERNA
11. The year is AD 2011. Express this year in Roman numerals.
MMXI
B1. On which day of this month (we’re in February, if you’re not sure!) does the Ides fall?
13TH
B2. Today's date is February 12th. How would the Romans have rendered this date (Latin or English)?
A.D. II IDIBUS FEBRUARIIS/the SECOND DAY BEFORE THE IDES OF FEBRUARY
12. What case is used to show place where with the names of cities and towns?
LOCATIVE
B1. The locative looks like what two noun cases? One in the singular and one in the plural.
SINGULAR = GENITIVE; PLURAL = ABLATIVE
B2. “Titus decided to stay at Athens.” Translate the place construction in that sentence into Latin.
ATHENĪS
13. Cadmus was sent by his father King Agenor to look for this sister, and in doing so founded Thebes. Name
this young girl who was abducted by Zeus in the guise of a white bull.
EUROPA
B1. What constellation did Zeus create in the shape of that white bull?
TAURUS
B2. In addition to turning himself into a bull, Zeus also turned which other of his love affairs into a bull to hide
her from Hera?
IO
14. Give the correct form of the relative pronoun in this sentence: “Certamen, which you are playing, is a lot of
fun.”
QUOD
B1. Give the correct form of the relative pronoun in this sentence. “Every year there are several certamina in
which you can participate.
(IN) QUIBUS
B2. Now, give the correct form of the indefinite pronoun in this sentence. “I saw someone playing certamen.”
ALIQUEM
15. Much like a resumé, give the full Latin phrase for which c.v. is an abbreviation.
CURRICULUM VITAE
B1. Translate curriculum vitae into English.
COURSE OF LIFE (or similar)
B2. Perhaps on your c.v. one day will be the letters, M.A. Give the Latin phrase for which this is an
abbreviation.
MAGISTER ARTIUM
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
LOWER LEVEL
ROUND 2
1. What famous Roman was consul when Gaius Octavius, later to be known as Augustus, was born? Name this
famous ego-maniac who later spoke frequently about how he saved Rome from certain destruction.
Marcus Tullius CICERO
B1. In what year was Cicero consul and Octavian born?
63 BC
B2. What man attempted to overthrow the state and have Cicero killed during his consulship?
Lucius Sergius CATILINA (CATILINE)
2. Give the Latin for the abbreviation R.I.P.
REQUIĒSCAT IN PACE
B1. What is the full English translation of that phrase?
MAY HE/LET HIM REST IN PEACE (prompt if the response is “rest in peace”)
B2. What use of the subjunctive is this?
JUSSIVE
3. From Roman history, in what city would you have found the following figures: Gaius Clulius, Mettius
Fufetius, Numitor, Amulius, and Rhea Silvia?
ALBA LONGA
B1. Who is credited by Livy as the founder of Alba Longa?
ASCANIUS
B2. How were the kings Numitor and Amulius related?
They were BROTHERS
4. Originally, these ludī only took place during the Consualia, an agricultural celebration. Quickly though,
Romans became captivated by their loyalties to the different factionēs. Name this popular Roman pastime that
took place in the Circus Maximus.
LUDĪ CIRCENSES/CHARIOT RACING
B1. Give the Latin term and its English meaning for the item used to signal the start of a chariot race?
MAPPA, NAPKIN/HANDKERCHIEF
B2. Which emperor tried to add two additional chariot factions, purple and gold?
DOMITIAN
5. Had Hera not intervened and provoked several Amazons to violence, what hero would have stolen a girdle
from the queen of the Amazons?
HERAKLES (HERCULES also acceptable)
B1. Give the answer to this math problem in Latin: Take the number of Hercules’ labors, subtract number of
Cerberus’ heads, and subtract again the number of heads on the hydra.
NIHIL/NĪL
B2. Hera also tried to attack Heracles while he was fighting the Lernaean Hydra. Give the Latin for the name of
the creature Hera sent, which was later a constellation after Hercules crushed it.
CANCER
6. Listen to the following story which I will read twice and then answer the question that follows in English.
Lucius, praefectus castrōrum, centuriōnibus iussa dedit quī militēs parārent. Deinde legatus multa consilia
capere coepit. Itaque, legatus cum Luciō conversatiōnem habēbat. Lucius eī respondit, “Rex inimicus mē
corrumpere temptāvit, sed sum vir summae fideī.” Lucius, quī blanditiās rēgis spernēbat, omnia legatō
patefēcit.
Here’s the question: What two men are speaking to each other?
LEGATUS and LUCIUS
B1. What were Lucius’ orders to the centurions?
TO GET THE SOLDIERS READY (or similar)
B2. Why does Lucius describe himself as vir summae fideī?
HE WOULDN’T ALLOW THE KING TO BRIBE HIM (or similar)
7. This Roman god was known as Sethlans by the Etruscans, but to the Romans sometimes as Mulciber. His
more common Latin name is thought possibly to derive from the Latin noun fulmen. The Greeks call him
Hephaestos. What deity was the focus of the August 23rd celebration, the Vulcanalia?
VULCANus
B1. What does the Latin noun fulmen mean in English?
LIGHTNING
B1. All major gods in the Roman pantheon had priests to look after them. What Latin word, similar to fulmen,
is used for this priestly position?
FLAMEN
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
8. It is about time for the Oscars, so let’s try some Cinema Romana. What film out in theaters now would the
Romans have called Cygnus Niger?
BLACK SWAN
B1. Keeping with the colorful theme, what film would be Crabo Viridis?
THE GREEN HORNET
B2. What film, also in theaters, would the Romans have called Nulla Fila Adhaesita?
NO STRINGS ATTACHED
9. In 33 BC, Octavian had his ally Agrippa elected to this position so he could do things like build five hundred
water fountains, construct a new aqueduct, and give free games to the people of Rome. What government
position was in charge of public works and putting on games?
AEDILE
B1. The aedileship was not considered a true part of the standard course of offices in the Roman world. How
did the Romans refer to this sequence of positions in the government?
CURSUS HONŌRUM
B2. Name the three positions of the cursus honōrum in order from lowest to highest.
QUAESTOR, PRAETOR, CONSUL
10. Distinguish in meaning between the nouns virī and virēs.
VIRĪ = MEN; VĪRĒS = POWER, STRENGTH
B1. Give the nominative singular for the word that means “strength” or “violence.”
VĪS
B2. What term, roughly translated to “concerning violence,” was used as a charge in Roman law courts? DĒ VĪ
11. What is the perfect active infinitive of the verb from which we derive the English noun "spectator"?
SPECTĀVISSE
B1. Change spectāvisse to the present passive.
SPECTĀRĪ
B2. Translate spectārī in this sentence: Gaius cognoscit filium ā matre spectārī.
IS (being) SEEN
12. Using dicere, say, “Marcus, speak!”
B1: Using facere, say “Cornelius, do it!”
B2: Now, using ferre, say, “Marcus and Cornelius, carry it!”
MARCE, DĪC
CORNĒLĪ, FĀC
MARCE ET CORNĒLĪ, FERTE!
13. Which of the following does not belong: adeptus, locutus, visus, secutus, progressus.
VISUS
B1. Change visus to the future and translate it.
VISŪRUS = ABOUT TO/GOING TO SEE
B2. The other verbs on the list, such as locutus, are deponent and so by rule exist only in the passive. However,
this is actually not true, as locutūrus, meaning “about to speak,” is active. Provide one more of the two
remaining active forms of the deponent verb loquor, loquī, locutus.
LOCUTURUS ESSE, LOQUĒNS
14. What mythological musician and crew member of the Argo was so talented he could make rocks weep and
animals follow him to hear his music?
ORPHEUS
B1. What god of music was Orpheus' father?
APOLLO
B2. Who did Orpheus attempt to bring back form the Underworld?
EURYDICE
15. To what office was Cincinnatus appointed in 458 BC to rescue a Roman army from the Aequians?
DICTATOR
B1. For how long is the constitutional dictatorship allowed to last?
SIX MONTHS
B2. What Roman assumed the dictatorship for about a year after he marched on Rome and while he reformed
and rewrote Roman law from 82-81 BC?
SULLA
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
LOWER LEVEL
ROUND 3
1. Identify the common bond: camillus, far, pronuba.
CONFARREATIO WEDDING (prompt at “wedding”)
B1. What is far, to which the name confarreatio relates?
GRAIN or MEAL CAKE
B2. A confarreatio sealed a type of marriage arrangement which legally bound the woman into the husband’s
family. How did the Romans refer to this kind of marriage?
CUM MANŪ
2. What Roman emperor built the last of the imperial fora, part of which is sometimes compared to a shopping
mall? He is also known for extending the boundaries of the Roman world to its furthest extent during his reign
of 98-117 AD.
Marcus Ulpius TRAJANus
B1. What emperor succeeded Trajan and decided to relinquish the new provinces of Mesopotamia because he
thought the empire was too big?
Publius Aelius HADRIAN
B2. What two countries did Hadrian’s wall roughly separate? BRITANNIA/BRITAIN, SCOTIA/SCOTLAND
3. Most people know that Homer’s Iliad is the story of the sack of Troy, but many forget that the main focus of
the poem is the rage of Achilles. What is the name of the girl Agamemnon stole from Achilles to make him
angry and withdraw from the war?
BRISEIS
B1. What other captive was Agamemnon forced to give up, prompting him to go after Achilles’ war prize?
CHRYSEIS
B2. What is the name of Achilles’ friend whom Hector erroneously killed because the boy was dressed in
Achilles’ armor?
PATROCLUS/PATROKLOS
4. Distinguish in meaning between rex and regnum.
REX = KING; REGNUM = KINGDOM
B1. Using the verb rēgō, rēgere meaning "to rule," translate into Latin "The kingdom had been ruled by the
king."
REGNUM A RĒGE RECTUM ERAT
B2. Give the same sentence, but make everything plural.
REGNA Ā RĒGIBUS RECTA ERANT
5. King Thyestes was driven out by this future king of Sparta. In the Odyssey, Telemachus visited him when he
was searching for his father. Who was with man from whom Helen was taken?
MENELAUS
B1. Telemachus also visited what king of Pylos, who was also a member of the Argonauts and the famous
advisor to Agamemnon and Achilles?
NESTOR
B2. How did Telemachus' mother try to buy time and fend off the suitors in order to wait for Odysseus to come
home?
SHE WOVE AND UNWOVE A TAPESTRY
6. What were the four original team colors in a chariot race?
RED, GREEN, BLUE, WHITE
B1. What two colors were added (and later taken away) at the time of Domitian?
PURPLE, GOLD
B2. What two methods did the Romans use to keep track of the laps in a chariot race?
EGGS, DOLPHINS
7. Which family was the next dynasty to rule imperial Rome after the Julio-Claudians?
FLAVIANS
B1. Name the three Flavian emperors in order.
VESPASIAN, TITUS, DOMITIAN
B2. Name all the Julio-Claudian emperors in order.
AUGUSTUS, TIBERIUS, CALIGULA, CLAUDIUS, NERO
8. Indentify the common bond of these prepositions: super, in, sub.
EACH CAN TAKE THE ACCUSATIVE OR ABLATIVE CASE
B1. What does sub taking the accusative case mean?
UNDER, UP TO, TO THE FOOT OF
B2. Give the meanings of in with both ablative and accusative objects.
+ABL = IN, ON; + ACC. = INTO, ONTO, AGAINST
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
9. Dim the lights and grab the popcorn, because it is Cinema Romana time. Give the Latin for the film “127
Hours.”
CENTUM et VIGINTI et SEPTEM HORAE (or HORĀS)
B1. Now, give the same number is Roman numerals.
CXXVII
B2. What film would the Romans know as Līberī Sunt Bonī?
THE KIDS ARE ALL RIGHT
10. This Roman goddess was, by various traditions, known by several names such as Hecate, Trivia, and
Phoebe, due to her relationship to her twin brother Phoebus Apollo. Name this goddess of the hunt.
DIANA
B1. Although more often associated with her brother, Diana is of course also from this island in the Aegean
known to be their birthplace.
DELOS
B2. Who was the mother of Apollo and Diana?
LETO
11. What is the comparative form of diu?
DIUTIUS
B1. What is the superlative form of facilius?
FACILLIMĒ
B2. Now, change the Olympic motto citius, altius, fortius to superlative.
CITISSIMĒ, ALTISSIMĒ, FORTISSIMĒ (accept citissimum, altissimum, fortissimum)
12. What Greek was punished by being bound to a wheel and kept forever spinning in the underworld? IXION
B1. What goddess had Ixion tried to seduce?
HERA
B2. What other miscreant in the underworld is forever trying to roll a boulder up a hill?
SISYPHUS
13. At what battle did the forces of the triumvirs overcome the forces of the conspirators and the Republicans
in 43 BC?
PHILIPPI
B1. How many years was this since the assassination of Julius Caesar?
(about) ONE
B2. Name a conspirator who committed suicide at Philippi.
BRUTUS, CASSIUS
14. Give the comparative adjective form of saevus agreeing with the noun inimicus.
B1. Use the comparative adjective of saevus to agree with the neuter noun iter.
B2. Now, change the adjective to an adverb.
15. Translate into Latin the phrase, “thousands of soldiers.”
B1. What use of the genitive is mīlitum?
B2. What use of the genitive is homo magnae honestātis
SAEVIOR
SAEVIUS
SAEVIUS
MILIA MĪLITUM
QUANTITY or PARTATIVE
DESCRIPTION
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
LOWER LEVEL
ROUND 4
1. Economists often speak of per capita income. What does per capita mean?
FOR EACH INDIVIDUAL, PER HEAD, PER PERSON
B1. Rome has been called the caput mundī. What does this mean?
CENTER/HEAD OF THE WORLD
B2. The general Marius reformed the army by allowing homeless and poor Romans to serve in the legions. By
what capital Latin term were these poor known?
CAPITE CENSĪ
2. We’re back at Cinema Romana, What movie would the Romans have called “Erit Sanguis”?
THERE WILL BE BLOOD
B1. What movie would they refer to as "Nulla Patria Sēnibus"?
NO COUNTRY FOR OLD MEN
B2. What movie would they call “Oratiō Rēgis”?
THE KING’S SPEECH
3. Give the correct form of the infinitive in this sentence: "Titus says that he is happy with the new
arrangements."
B1. What would the infinitive be if the sentence began, “Titus says that he was happy…”
B2. In that same sentence, how would you translate “he”
4. Who was Octavian’s general at the Battle of Actium?
B1. In what year was the Battle of Actium?
B2. Actium is off the coast of what country?
ESSE
FUISSE
SĒ
Marcus Vipsanius AGRIPPA
31 BC
GREECE
5. A plague in 293 BC convinced the Romans to adopt the cult of which god who shares the nickname Paean,
meaning “healer,” with his father Apollo.
ASCLEPIUS/AESCULAPIUS
B1. Where in Rome was Aesculapius' temple?
TIBER ISLAND
B2. Asclepius learned his medicinal skills from what centaur famous for his teaching?
CHIRON
6. Which member of the first triumvirate died first, at the hands of the Parthians at Carrhae?
M. Licinius CRASSUS
B1. Over what province did Caesar become governor after his consulship of 59 BC?
GAUL
B2. In a previous round, we hear that Pompey married Caesar’s daughter Julia to cement his partnership in the
first triumvirate. Since history has a way of repeating itself, whom did Antony marry in order to ally himself
with Octavian as part of the second triumvirate?
OCTAVIA
7. Distinguish in meaning between tamen and tandem.
TAMEN = HOWEVER; TANDEM = FINALLY
B1. Distinguish in meaning between tam and tum?
TAM = SO; TUM = THEN
B2. Distinguish in meaning between quidem and quidam?
QUIDEM = INDEED, IN FACT, AT LEAST, ALL RIGHT; QUIDAM = CERTAIN
8. "Sextus remained in Rome for seven days." Translate the time construction in that sentence into Latin:
SEPTEM DIĒS
B1. Now, translate the time construction in, “Sextus will be in Rome in three days.”
TRIBUS DIĒBUS
B2. Now, translate the time construction in, “Sextus will be in Rome on the third day.”
TERTIŌ DIĒ
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
9. What woman was the daughter of Helios, the sister of Pasiphae, lived on the island Aeaea, and turned
Odysseus' men into pigs?
CIRCE
B1. Circe suggested one way back to Ithaca for Odysseus was between what two infamous dangers for sailors,
a classical “rock and a hard place”?
SCYLLA and CHARYBDIS
B2. What body of water between Sicily and Italy, leading to the dispute that started the Punic Wars, does
Vergil say is the location of the Scylla and Charydis in his Aeneid?
STRAIT OF MESSINA
10. What subjunctive construction is found in this sentence: Agrippina timēbat nē necārētur. FEAR CLAUSE
B1: Translate that sentence into Latin:
AGRIPPINA FEARED/WAS FEARING THAT SHE WOULD BE KILLED/LEST SHE BE KILLED
B2: Translate into English: “Nero timēbat ut Agrippina necārētur.”
NERO WAS FEARING/FEARED THAT AGRIPPINA WOULD NOT BE KILLED.
11. What disaster befell southern Italy on August 24, 79 AD?
B1. Who was the emperor when Vesuvius erupted and buried Pompeii?
B2. What other disaster did Titus have to handle in his short reign?
ERUPTION OF VESUVIUS
TITUS Flavius Vespasianus
a FIRE in Rome
12. Translate this Latin sentence into English: Poeta, auditus ā mē, poemam recitāvit.
THE POET, HEARD BY ME, RECITED THE POEM.
B1. Now, translate this sentence into Latin: “The poet, whom I heard, recited the poem.”
POETA, QUEM ego AUDĪVĪ, POEMAM RECITĀVIT.
B2. Finally, translate this into Latin: “I heard the poet reciting the poem.”
Ego POETAM POEMAM RECITĀNTEM AUDĪVĪ.
13. What woman was so fleet on foot that she challenged her suitors to race her, but they were to lose their
heads if she beat them?
ATALANTA
B1. Who defeated Atalanta?
HIPPOMENES or MELANION
B2. What goddess helped him by providing three gold apples?
APHRODITE
14. What Latin verb and its meaning is at the root of our word “statistics”?
B1. From what Latin noun and its meaning is “imperil” derived?
B2. From what Latin noun and its meaning is “vitreous” derived?
STĀRE = STAND
PERICULUM = DANGER
VITRUM = GLASS
15. What grammatical construction is used in the term, magnā cum laude?
ABLATIVE OF MANNER
B1. What construction is in Catō oppugnāvit magnīs tēlīs?
ABLATIVE of MEANS (INSTRUMENT)
B2. Say in Latin, "It was done by Marcus with great care."
FACTUM EST Ā MARCŌ MAGNĀ (CUM) CURĀ
2011 LUPERCALIA CERTAMEN TOURNAMENT
LOWER LEVEL
FINAL ROUND
1. Give the Latin adjective derived from the word for “night” and meaning “of or occurring at night.”
NOCTURNUS (< nox)
B1. Give the Latin adjective derived from the word for “day” and meaning “of or occurring in the daytime.”
DIURNUS (< diēs)
B2. Give the Latin adjective derived from the word for “noon” or “midday” and meaning “of or occurring at
noon.”
MERIDIANUS (< meridiēs)
2. Quis ego sum? Sum filius Iapeti et hominēs ē lutō creāvī.
PROMETHEUS
B1. Quid erat nomen huius feminae? Vulcanus, iussū Iovis, ex lutō effigiem huius mulieris fecit. Deinde, haec
femina in orbem terrārum omnia mala aperuit.
PANDORA
B2. Quid erat nomen fratris Prometheī?
EPIMETHEUS
3. Give the perfect indicative active second-person plural form of the verb capiō.
B1. Leaving the tense, voice, person and number the same, make cēpistis passive.
B2. Now make captī estis pluperfect.
4. Who wore the tunica recta cinched with the knot of Hercules?
B1. How many braids did she wear, parted with a spear?
B2. Who helped her undress on her wedding night?
CĒPISTIS
CAPTĪ/AE/A ESTIS
CAPTĪ ERĀTIS
BRIDE
SIX
PRONUBA (accept univira)
5. Fāc ita ut iubeō. Ostende digitōs duōs dextrae manūs. (player shows TWO FINGERS OF RIGHT HAND)
B1. Fācite ita ut iubeō. Ostendite digitum minimum sinistrae manūs.
(ALL show the LITTLE FINGER OF THE LEFT HAND)
B2. Fācite ita ut iubeō. Ostendite digitōs pollicēs ambōrum manuum.
(ALL show the THUMBS OF BOTH HANDS)
6. What mute nymph could only reply to others and was unable to speak on her own?
ECHO
B1. Who took away Echo's normal speech?
HERA (JUNO)
B2. Echo fell in love with a vain youth, but when he did not return her love, she wasted away until only her
voice remained. Who was this youth who also wasted away while admiring himself?
NARCISSUS
7. On the first day of what month did the dancing priests of Mars Gradivus perform a war dance? It is the first
day of the old calendar.
MARCH
B1: Who were these priests of Mars, whose name derives from their leaping about?
SALIĪ
B2: What object, said to have fallen from the heavens during the reign of Numa, was carried in solemn
procession each March by the Saliī?
SHIELD (ancile)
8. Whose head was represented on a coin issued by L. Plaetorius Cestianus which, on the reverse, showed a
pilleus flanked by two pugiones and the legend EID MAR, referring of course to the Ides of March (the pilleus
was a cap worn by manumitted slaves, and pugiones were daggers, so the coin celebrated the liberation of the
Republic from the autocracy of C. Julius Caesar)?
Marcus Junius BRUTUS
B1. Where was a battle fought in which Brutus was defeated by M. Antonius late in the year 42 B.C.?
PHILIPPI
B2. Name the brother-in-law of Brutus who had been defeated by Octavian a few weeks earlier at Philippi.
Gaius Cassius LONGINUS
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9. Translate the motto of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is Mens et manus.
MIND AND HAND
B1. Harvard's motto, Veritas, is probably not quite in the same spirit as this famous Roman quip, in vinō veritas.
What is the meaning of this statement of veracity?
IN WINE (THERE IS) TRUTH
B2. Translate the motto of Barton College, Habēbunt Lumen Vitae.
THEY WILL HAVE THE LIGHT OF LIFE
10. Give the sweet-toothed Latin noun and its meaning at the root of the English adjective “mellifluous.”
MEL, mellis = HONEY
B1. Now, give the Latin verb and its meaning that forms the other part of “mellifluous.”
FLUŌ, FLUERE = TO FLOW
B2. What English adjective, also from fluere, relates to one’s ability to speak a language well.
FLUENT
11. Translate the following sentence into English: Senator, orationem audiēns, in Curiā sedet.
THE SENATOR, LISTENING TO THE SPEECH, IS SITTING IN THE CURIA.
B1. Now, give the Latin sentence so that it translates, “The Senator, sitting in the Curia, is listening to the
speech.”
SENATOR, IN CURIĀ SEDĒNS, ORATIONEM AUDIT.
B1. Now, give the same sentence, but make the subject plural.
SENATORĒS, IN CURIĀ SEDĒNTĒS, ORATIONEM AUDIUNT.
12. Give the proper Latin relative pronoun that would be found in the following sentence: “I want to see the
man who can conquer Rome.”
QUĪ
B1. Give the relative pronoun found in this sentence: “I want to see the girl with whom the man can conquer
Rome.”
cum QUĀ/QUĀCUM
B2. Give the plural for the answers to the toss-up question (quī) and the first bonus question (quā).
QUĪ; QUIBUS
13. Let’s take in one more showing at Cinema Romana. What movie would the Romans know as Rītus?
THE RITE
B1. How about the movie Contubernālis?
THE ROOMMATE
B2. Our last stop at the Cinema Romana is to see an older movie, what would we call Eques Obscurus?
THE DARK KNIGHT
14. What Etruscan was driven out of Rome because his son raped the wife of a Roman nobleman?
TARQUINIUS SUPERBUS
B1. What was his son’s name?
SEXTUS TARQUINIUS
B2. What was the name of the wife raped by Sextus?
LUCRETIA
15. Complete the following analogy concerning adjectives and their respective interrogatives: tantus is to
quantus as tot is to what ?
QUOT
B1. Now, complete this one: talis is to qualis as inde is to what?
UNDE
B2. Finally, this one: ibi is to ubi as eō is to what?
QUŌ
16. Sometimes called Argeiphontes, what god wore the petasus, talaria, and carried a caduceus?
HERMES (MERCURY)
B1. What instrument did Hermes invent when he was just one day old?
LYRE
B2. From whom did Hermes steal cattle on that very same day?
APOLLO
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17. What is the modern name for the river Rhenus, over which Caesar built bridges in 55 and 53 B.C. to impress
the Germans?
RHINE
B1. What is the modern name for the Albis, the river that from A.D. 5 to the clades Variana in A.D. 9 was the
eastern boundary of the province of Germania?
ELBE
B2. What is the Latin name for the river Danube?
DANUVIUS
18. Agnoscō veteris vestigia flammae. Who thus confesses to her sister Anna her feelings of love for a Trojan
refugee at the beginning of Book 4 of Vergil’s Aeneid?
DIDO
B1. Who was Dido’s “old flame,” who was treacherously murdered by her greedy brother?
SYCHAEUS
B2. Name Dido’s brother.
PYGMALION
19. Name this daughter of Priam and first wife of Aeneas.
B1. With what Carthaginian woman did Aeneas fall in love?
B2. Whom did Aeneas eventually marry when he came to Italy?
CREUSA
DIDO
LAVINIA
20. Who, according to Sophocles, was brought to Troy from Scyros by Odysseus and Phoenix because an oracle
had said that Troy could not be captured without his help? One of his names is Pyrrhus, but his other name is
Greek for “new soldier.”
NEOPTOLEMUS (accept Pyrrhus if response precedes that portion of the question)
B1. Who was the father of Neoptolemus?
ACHILLES
B2. Name the daughter of Priam who, according to Euripides, was sacrificed by Neoptolemus at the bidding of
Achilles’ ghost?
POLYXENA