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International Environment
Forum Conference
Ottawa
October 12th, 2007
John M R Stone
Carleton University
What is the “greenhouse effect”?
The Greenhouse Effect
Into Uncharted Territory:
The Earth out of Balance
CO2
CH4
The atmospheric concentration of CO2 and CH4 in 2005
exceeds by far the natural range of the last 650,000 years
Climate Change
Is Already Occurring
Warming of the climate
system is unequivocal, as
is now evident from
observations of increases
in global average air and
ocean temperatures,
widespread melting of
snow and ice, and rising
global average sea level.
Global Mean Temperatures
Continue to Increase
IPCC 4th Assessment Report
Most of the observed increase in global average
temperatures since the mid-20th century is very
likely due to the observed increase in
anthropogenic greenhouse gas concentrations.
IPCC AR4 WGI SPM
Arctic Climate Change is Real –
Just Ask the Inuit
Reduced Arctic Sea-Ice:
A Cause for Conflict
Little Open Sea
2000
Open All Around
2030
No Ice at All
2095
Is the Climate System
Accelerating
Model experiments show that even if all radiative
forcing agents were held constant at year 2000 levels, a
further warming trend would occur in the next two
decades at a rate of about 0.1°C per decade, due mainly
to the slow response of the oceans.
IPCC 4th
Assessment Report
The Arctic:
It Will Warm Even Faster
Autumn 2006
www.msc-smc.ec.gc.ca/socc/seaice/seaice_future.html
The Northwest Passage
The End ???
This is it Jenkins, indisputable proof that the
Ice Age caught these people completely off guard
Humans…
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