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Describing graphs
Diagram, line chart, flow chart,
pie chart, bar chart
Label the parts of the graph
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
East
West
North
1st Qtr
2nd Qtr
3rd Qtr
4th Qtr
RB, p. 29/ I
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GO UP
grow
rise
boost
jump
rally
soar
rocket
increase
raise
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GO DOWN
decline
slash
plummet
slump
bring down
fall
plunge
decrease
drop
RB, p. 29/ II
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PLUMMET
JUMP
SOAR
PLUNGE
ROCKET
SLASH
RB, p. 30/ IV
TRANSITIVE
 slash
 boost
 bring down
 raise
BOTH
 Decrease
 increase
RB, p. 30/ V
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The government RAISED the price of fuel by 2%, it now costs
$1.02, instead of $1.
Prices FLUCTUATED all year. It was very difficult to make
plans in a situation when we couldn’t know what to expect.
The government's decision to decrease sales taxes
BOOSTED the economy.
The new expansionary fiscal policy BROUGHT
DOWN/DECREASED unemployment figures in the country.
Due to the efficient management of the company, we
INCREASED sales by 25% this year.
Unemployment JUMPED from 200,000 to 600,000 in 3
months due to the closure of several factories in the country.
The higher income that resulted from the suddenly increased
sales SLASHED the company's deficit by half.
The economy STAGNATED for five years. The GDP growth
was around 1% and there was a high unemployment.
RB, p. 31/VII
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The Sun RISES every morning.
RAISE your hand if you agree.
The problem AROSE from the lack of quality control.
Last year we RAISED 2 m in capital.
The cashflow crisis AROSE because the company did
not receive payment from its debtors.
Retail prices ROSE by 7% last year.
The Fed will probably RAISE interest rates by 0.5%.
The mistakes that have ARISEN this week are due to a
lack of communication between the staff and the
management.
RB, p. 34/II
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Last year sales fell FROM $3m TO $1.5m.
This year in our town there was a growth OF 20% IN
marriages.
The employment ratio in the country reached a trough AT
30% last year.
The competition’s advertising spending has fluctuated
BETWEEN €5m and €5.75m this year.
Our market share plummeted BY 20% when a new
company broke into the market. Currently we control
15% of the market and we are making enormous losses.
Our market share plummeted TO 20% from 45%, which
is a 25% drop.
RB, p. 35/ I
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
decline
by
at
moderate
leveled off (BrE) / levelled off (AmE)
doubled
peak
fluctuated
dramatic
substantially
How to describe graphs in a
meeting?
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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L0Mr-O9AGmw
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What types of graphs are described?
What is the topic of the graphs?
How is the talk organized?
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HW
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RB, p. 36/III HAND IN AT NEXT LECTURE