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interesting statements Belo makes in this book comes early on within the introduction. In the
book, based on research from her time in Bali in the 1930s, Belo argues that in spite of the
significant changes that took place between her time in Bali in the ‘30s and the time of the
publication of the book in 1960, such as WWII and Japanese occupation, Bali’s ceremonial life
continued unchanged and with the same focused intensity. (Belo, 1960: 1) This suggests that
Balinese culture, or at least certain aspects of it, is unchanging, an assumption that is similar to
those of scholars who came before Belo, such as Raffles and Covarrubias, and one that has
been critiqued strongly in more contemporary scholarship.
Toward the end of her life, Belo edited and contributed to the book Traditional Balinese
Culture (1970), published posthumously, and included the three essays just mentioned and her
study on Balinese twins. In the introduction to this book, Belo speaks at length about 1930s
Bali, noting many of those who were actively involved in the expatriate community. She wrote
of a time when celebrities such as Charlie Chaplin and Barbara Hutton visited the island as
guests of the artist and writer, Walter Spies, pointing to Spies involvement in the development
of tourism in Bali. (Belo, 1970: xxii) And she wrote of the scholarly contributions of many of
those from this community. The book included essays by many of her colleagues including
Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson, and Katharane Edson Mershon, a dancer who published the
book Seven Plus Seven (1971) based on her own research on Balinese dance and culture. Each
topic Belo presented would later get further significant consideration within scholarship from
those influenced by her work.
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