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Human body’s support, movement
and use of nutrients.
Understand the body’s systems of
support and movement.
Remember structural
organization.
COURSE
7240 Health Science I
Unit A
ESSENTIAL
STANDARD
OBJECTIVE
1.00
B2
17%
1.01
A1
5%
ESSENTIAL
QUESTIONS
 How is the human body organized?
 What are the structural components of the body?
 How does the body’s structural organization relate to its support and
movement?
1.01 Organization of the Human Body
Handout
Name ________________
Date _________________
Directions: Record notes and class discussion related to the organization of the human
body.
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7240 Health Science I
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Connective
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Epithelial
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Muscle
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Tissues
____________
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Nervous
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Summer 2012
1
Body Systems
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7420 Health Science I
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Summer 2012
Page 2
1.01 Structural Organization Flash Cards
anterior
posterior
ventral
dorsal
cranial
caudal
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
Page 3
1.01 Structural Organization Flash Cards
superior
Inferior
medial
lateral
proximal
distal
external
deep
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
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Epigastric region Umbilical region
Hypogastric
region
Anatomical
position
L. Lumbar region
R. Lumbar
region
L.
Hypochondriac
region
R.
Hypochondriac
region
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
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L. Iliac region
R. Iliac region
Sagittal plane
Dorsal cavity
Frontal plane
Cranial cavity
Transverse
plane
Spinal cavity
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
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1.01 Structural Organization Key Terms
Handout
Name _________________
Date __________________
Anatomical position - the body is facing forward, standing erect, feet parallel, holding
arms at side with palms facing forward
Directional terms – refer to location of a structure or the relative position of a body part
to another one
Anterior – on the front of the body
Posterior – on the back of the body
Ventral – on the front of the body
Dorsal – on the back of the body
Cranial – refers to the head
Caudal – refers to the tail or tailbone
Superior - refers to the head, top, or upper
body or section
Medial – refers to the middle
Inferior – refers to the tail, bottom or lower
body or section
Lateral – refers to the side
Proximal – refers to nearest to the point of
reference
Superficial – on or near the surface
Distal – refers to farthest from the point of
reference
Deep – on the inside
Planes – an imaginary line that divides the body or an organ into sections
Sagittal – divides the body into right and left sides (midsagittal divides the body into
equal halves)
Frontal – divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Transverse – divides the body into top and bottom sections
Body Cavities - spaces within the body that contain and protect organs
Abdominal - contains the stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, large and small
intestines, and the appendix
Cranial - contains the brain
Dorsal – contains the brain and spinal cord
Pelvic – contains the urinary bladder, reproductive organs, rectum
Spinal – contains the spinal cord
Thoracic – contains the heart, lungs, bronchi, trachea, esophagus, and thymus gland
Abdominal quadrants – four subdivisions used to reference abdonimal organs
Right upper quadrant (RUQ)
Left upper quadrant (LUQ)
Right lower quadrant (RLQ)
Left lower quadrant (LLQ)
Abdominal/pelvic regions – subdivisions of the combined abdominal and pelvic cavity
Epigastric – the area just below the sternum (breastbone)
Umbilical – the area around the navel or umbilicus
Hypogastric – the area below the stomach; the pubic area
Hypochondriac – the area below the ribs
Iliac – the area to the right and left of the pubic area; also known as the inguinal area
Lumbar – the area on each side of the umbilicus; extends from anterior to posterior
7420 Health Science I
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1.01 Directional Terms Activity
Station 4 Handout
7420 Health Science I
Name _________________
Date __________________
Summer 2012
Page 8
1.01 What Systems Are Used?
Handout
Name _________________
Date __________________
Directions: Name the systems that are used and the role that they play in the following
activities.
Activity of Daily Living
Systems Used
Why is it important for these
systems to work together?
1. Get out of bed in the
morning
2. Eat breakfast
3. Take a shower
4. Write an email
5. Sing a song
6. Kick a soccer ball
7. Have a conference with
your favorite teacher
8. Watch a scary movie
9. Drive a car
10. Take a nap
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
Page 9
1.01 Structural Organization Review
Handout
Name ________________
Date _________________
Directions: Fill in the blank to indicate the relationship of the referenced body
structures.
1. The arm is __________ to the forearm.
2. The brain is __________ to the skull.
3. The ears are __________ to the eyes.
4. The femur is __________ to the tibia.
5. The hand is __________ to the shoulder.
6. The head is __________ to the heart.
7. The heart is __________ to the arms.
8. The leg is __________ to the thigh.
9. The skin is __________ to muscle.
10. The abdomen is __________ to the chest.
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
Page 10
1.01 What Does Not Belong?
Handout
Name ________________
Date _________________
Directions: Circle the word that does not belong with the others in each list. Explain in
the space provided, and in your own words, why the term does not fit with the other
terms listed.
1.
abdominal cavity
stomach
eye
liver
____________________________________________________________________________
2.
front
dorsal
anterior
ventral
____________________________________________________________________________
3.
caudal
epigastric
umbilical
Hypogastric
____________________________________________________________________________
4.
thoracic
abdominopelvic
cranial
superficial
____________________________________________________________________________
5.
coronal
sagittal
deep
transverse
____________________________________________________________________________
6.
dorsal cavity
thoracic cavity
cranial cavity
spinal cavity
7.
stomach
urinary bladder
reproductive organs rectum
____________________________________________________________________________
8.
medial
proximal
lateral
sagittal
____________________________________________________________________________
9.
anterior
back
posterior
dorsal
____________________________________________________________________________
10.
homeostasis
anterior
superior
dorsal
____________________________________________________________________________
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Summer 2012
Page 11
1.01 Human Body Systems
Handout
Name ________________
Date _________________
Directions: Complete the following chart listing the organs in each body system and the
system’s relevance to health.
System
Organs
Relevance to Health
Skeletal
Muscular
Circulatory
Lymphatic
Respiratory
Digestive
Integumentary
Nervous
Sensory
Urinary
Endocrine
Reproductive
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
Page 12
1.01 Medical Terminology
Name ________________
Handout
Date _________________
Directions: Review the structural terms and definitions listed below. Use these terms
to write “new” compound words. Use your textbook or use a dictionary to verify the
compound words.
Suffix
Definition
Definition
Prefix
anti
against
al
pertaining to
aut/o
self
algia
pain
brady
slow
ase
enzyme
circum
around
cide
causing death
dys
ectomy
surgical removal of
endo
painful
difficult
inside
emia
blood
intra
inside
genic
origin
epi
upon
ism
state
hemi
half
itis
inflammation of
hyper
excessive
megaly
enlarged
hypo
below
ologist
specialist
inter
between
ology
the study of
later
side
oma
tumor
medi/o
middle
osis
any condition
mono
one
ostomy
surgical opening
post
after
otomy
cut into
pre
before
pathy
disease
retro
behind
phobia
fear
semi
half
plasty
surgical repair
sub
below
scope
trans
across
picture, inspection
instrument
7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
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7420 Health Science I
Summer 2012
Page 14
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