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Content Benchmark L.12.B.3
Students know disease disrupts the equilibrium that exists in a healthy organism. E/S
1st Item Specification: Evaluate how a disease disrupts the homeostasis of an
organism.
Depth of Knowledge Level 1
1. The process by which organisms maintain a stable internal environment is called
A. homeostasis.
B. disease.
C. equilibrium.
D. immunity.
2. The most common way bacteria cause disease is by
A. releasing toxins.
B. engulfing healthy cells.
C. entering healthy cells.
D. absorbing hormones.
3. The main purpose of a fever is to
A. slow the growth of pathogens.
B. cause unhealthy cells to die.
C. return the body to homeostasis.
D. prompt an immune response.
4. Viruses disrupt normal cell functions by
A. releasing toxins into the cell.
B. using the cell machinery to replicate viruses.
C. engulfing the cells as a food source.
D. replicating outside the cell to attack it.
Depth of Knowledge Level 2
5. Use the graph below to answer the following question. The graph shows the
number of antibodies in the blood over a period of time.
(From Holt ExamView)
What is the best reason why Response II is greater than Response I?
A. More bacteria entered at point 2 than at point 1.
B. Memory cells were produced during Response I.
C. Antibodies from Response I still remained in the blood.
D. Macrophages increased their production of antibodies.
2nd Item Specification: Describe ways that an imbalance in one organ system affects
the entire organism.
Depth of Knowledge Level 1
6. Which body systems may be affected by the influenza virus?
a. Only the digestive system
b. Only the muscular system
c. The immune and muscular systems
d. The immune, digestive and muscular systems
7. An autoimmune disease can affect the entire body because, an autoimmune
disease causes the immune system to attack
a. beneficial bacteria.
b. beneficial viruses.
c. the body’s own cells.
d. any foreign substance to the body.
Depth of Knowledge Level 2
8. A disease that attacks and destroys lung tissue would most likely affect the entire
body because it could interfere with
a. cellular respiration in the cells.
b. photosynthesis in the cells.
c. glycolysis in the cells.
d. anaerobic respiration in the cells.
9. Botulism is a disease that paralyzes the muscles in the body. This disease is
usually fatal because it
a. paralyzes the muscles used to breathe.
b. paralyzes the muscles that aid in digestion.
c. damages all the muscle cells of the immune system.
d. destroys the muscle cells of the cardiovascular system.
Content Benchmark L.12.B.3
Students know disease disrupts the equilibrium that exists in a healthy organism. E/S
Answers to Sample Test Questions
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
A, DOK Level 1
A, DOK Level 1
A, DOK Level 1
B, DOK Level 1
B, DOK Level 2
D, DOK Level 1
C, DOK Level 1
A, DOK Level 2
A, DOK Level 2
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