ADVANCED PLACEMENT WORLD HISTORY - SUMMER ASSIGNMENT 2016 Welcome to Advanced Placement World History. Over the course of the school year we will explore 10,000 years of human history, learn valuable skills, and take the AP Exam in May. Students are charged with the role of historian and will engage in a plethora of activities that encourage critical thinking and hone their ability to debate established historical interpretations and express their educated views using primary source documents. You will be issued a textbook in August and it is highly recommended that you purchase McGraw Hill's 5 Steps to a 5 AP World History as it will come in handy throughout the school year. Since the curriculum is so extensive, it is imperative that we start this summer, thus your summer assignment. This packet contains three assignments that will assist in building your fundamental knowledge of World History and are intended to lay the foundation for the first unit and subsequent material covered during the course of the year. ALL ASSIGNMENTS ARE DUE ON THE FIRST DAY OF SCHOOL (August 22nd). Should you have any questions regarding the assignments, please email me at email@example.com See you in August! Mr. Wood AP World History Teacher Clovis High School Part I: Vocabulary -- Due first day of school, August 22nd. Directions: The terms that follow are vocabulary words that apply to many different cultures and as such will be repeated throughout the course. IN order to become familiar with the words and their meanings, define them as they relate to the study of World History in a few sentences. This assignment must be handwritten. 1. Absolutism 2. Agriculture 3. Aristocracy 4. Bias 5. Bureaucracy 6. Chiefdom 7. City-State 8. Civilization 9. Commercial 10. Demography 11. Divination 12. Domesticate 13. Dynasty 14. Empire 15. Epidemic 16. Genocide 17. Globalization 18. Indentured Servant 19. Interregional 20. Kingdom 21. Maritime 22. Medival 23. Merchant 24. Metallurgy 25. Migration 26. Monotheism 27. Nation 28. Neo-Confucianism 29. Neolithic 30. Nobility 31. Nomad 32. Pandemic 33. Papacy 34. Pastoral 35. Patriarchal 36. Periodization 37. Polytheism 38. Prehistoric 39. Primary Source 40. Revolution 41. Rural 42. Scribe 43. Secondary Source 44. Secular 45. Serf 46. Shaman 47. Slave 48. State 49. Steppes 50. Urban Part II: World Geography – Due first day of school, August 22nd. Neatly label the world maps with the land and water features listed below in the colors indicated in parentheses. Use the numbers next to the terms and that should help you fit them on the map. Map One - 15 regions used in the AP World History Course (You may need to google this) Map Two − Continents, Oceans, Seas, Bays, & Lakes Map Three − Deserts, Rivers Map Four − Mountains & Other Important Places During the first week of school, we will have a geography quiz on some of these terms. I encourage you to go to www.ilike2learn.com and or http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Geography.htm to play geography review games to practice. AP World History Regions Oceans, Seas, Bays, Lakes (Blue) 1. North America (Royal Blue) 2. Latin America (Orange) 3. Western Europe (Brown) 4. North Africa (Light Green) 5. West Africa (Light Purple) 6. Central or Equator Africa (Pink) 7. Southern Africa (Teal) 8. East Africa (Gray) 9. Middle East (Dark Green) 10. Eastern Europe (Sky Blue) 11. Central Asia (Moss Green) 12. South Asia (Yellow) 13. East Asia (Blue) 14. Southeastern Asia (Red) 15. Oceania (Maroon) Continents (Red) 16. North America 17. South America 18. Australia 19. Europe 20. Antarctica 21. Asia 22. Africa Deserts (indicate with striped green lines) 23. Gobi 24. Kalahari 25. Sahara 26. Thar 27. Sierra Madre 28. Mojave 29. Arabian Desert 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Indian Ocean Arctic Ocean North Sea Baltic Sea English Channel Norwegian Sea Mediterranean Sea Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Black Sea Caspian Sea Great Lakes Red Sea Persian Gulf Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal South China Sea East China Sea Yellow Sea Sea of Japan Caribbean Cape of Good Hope Cape Horn Bering Sea Rivers (Blue) 56. Nile River 57. Tigris 58. Euphrates 59. Amazon River 60. Mississippi River 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. Indus River Yellow River (Hwang He) Yangtze Ganges River Congo Volga Danube Rhine Niger Mountains & Other Important Places (Black) 70. Himalayas 71. Caucasus 72. Andes 73. Hindu Kush 74. Ural 75. Alps 76. Atlas 77. Pyrenees 78. Balkan Peninsula 79. Iberian Peninsula 80. Asia Minor 81. Anatolia 82. Sinai Peninsula 83. Strait of Gibraltar 84. Panama Canal 85. Yucatan Peninsula 86. Horn of Africa 87. Sri Lanka 88. Mesoamerica 89. New Zealand 90. Australia 91. Suez Canal 92. Siberia 93. Manchuria Part III: Introduction to the Pre-Classical Civilizations For this section of your assignment, you will learn more about four of the major civilizations established in the Foundation period through the Crash Course World History playlist, hosted by John Green (The Fault in Our Stars). Watch the following videos and answer the questions in the space provided. Crash Course #1: Agricultural Revolution o Watch this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yocja_N5s1I&index=1&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9 o Answer the following questions: 1. How do we have evidence of Hunter-Gatherers (H-G) and their lifeways? (New word that means “ways of life”, do not use “lifestyle”). 2. What do most early civilizations have in common? 3. What advantages did H-G have over early agriculturalists? 4. Where did agriculture emerge? Which food crops are associated with which areas? 5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of agriculture? 6. What impact does agriculture have on the environment? 7. What other lifeway emerged besides being a H-G or a farmer (agriculturalist)? 8. What were the advantages and disadvantages to Pastoralism (being a herder)? 9. What advantages do you think that Eurasia had with its zoological set of animals compared to the Americas? 10. Evaluate John Green’s thesis that “the greatest evolutionary advantage an animal species can have is being useful to humans.” Agree/disagree, why? 11. If H-G had a “better and healthier” lifeway, why did people become agriculturalists? 12. What point do you think John Green is making about the use of the word “savage”? How might this also apply to concepts of being “civilized” or “uncivilized”? 13. What do historians say are the drawbacks to complex civilizations and agriculture? 14. What other impacts do complex civilizations have on the environment? 15. What does John Green say about “revolutions”? Crash 1. Course #2:Indus River Valley Civilization o Watch: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n7ndRwqJYDM&index=2&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9 o Answer the following questions: How is the concept of “civilization” a useful construct? When is it not a useful construct? 2. How does John Green define what constitutes a civilization? How does this compare to other definitions of civilization you have learned? 3. Where did the earliest civilizations emerge? Why there? 4. Why was the Indus Valley a prime location? How did the environment impact the people who lived there? 5. How do we know, what we know, about the IVC? 6. How did they use technology to interact with the environment to improve their quality of life? 7. What evidence exists of long-distance trade and with whom? 8. What appears to be unique about the IVC, based on your knowledge of other civilizations? 9. What theories do historians have about the fate of the IVC? As historians, what evidence might one look for to support or disprove these three theories? Crash Course #3: Mesopotamia o Watch this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sohXPx_XZ6Y&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9&index =3 o Answer the following questions: 1. John Green begins by discussing one of the most obvious consequences of agriculture…what is it and what are the most immediate consequences for those societies? 2. Gilgamesh…Rural vs. Urban: explain what John Green is talking about? 3. Historically speaking, why do you think cities tend to win? But did cities always win? Explain. 4. Why do you think early cities devoted resources to building monumental architecture, like ziggurats? 5. How might the environment of Mesopotamia influence or shape people’s perceptions of their gods? 6. What is the significance of the emergence of palaces? How did kings gain power over priests? How did they keep it? 7. CUNEIFORM: What three points does John Green make about the advent of writing? a) b) c) 8. How did the environment of Mesopotamia shape the economy of the society? 9. What factors led to the downfall of the Mesopotamian city-states and to what effect? (A causes and effects question) 10. What was Hammurabi’s most significant contribution? 11. Compare new city-states with the old city-states of Mesopotamia. Identify 3 specific similarities and 3 specific differences. State a reason for at least one similarity and one difference. 12. Who provided the basis for the development of territorial kingdoms? How? Why does this “base” prove to be unsteady? 13. What legacy did the Assyrians leave? 14. What are the challenges of empire and what is the usual result? 15. How did Assyrian kings attempt to legitimize their rule? Crash Course #4: Ancient Egypt o Watch this: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z3Wvw6BivVI&index=4&list=PLBDA2E52FB1EF80C9& spfreload=10 o Answer the following questions: 1. What point is John Green making about the different “lenses” we use when we study history? 2. How did the Nile River shape the worldview of the Egyptians? How did this compare to the Mesopotamian worldview? 3. How was Egyptian Civilization different from most other River Valley Civilizations? Why do you think this was? 4. What does the construction of the pyramids represent? (not “what was the purpose of the pyramids?”) 5. What was the motivation for building the pyramids? (not “what was the purpose of the pyramids?”) 6. What changes took place in the transition from the Old Kingdom to the Middle Kingdom? 7. What protected Egypt from outside peoples? How were the Egyptians eventually conquered by Semitic peoples of the Middle East? 8. What changes took place in the transition from the Middle Kingdom to the New Kingdom?