NAME ___________________________________________________ DATE _____________________ CLASS ______________ netw rks Chapter 8 Test, Form A The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe DIRECTIONS: Matching Match each item with the correct statement below. ________ 1. infectious disease A. Romulus Augustulus ________ 2. regular church members B. scriptorium ________ 3. a type of trial C. laity ________ 4. capital of the Eastern Roman Empire D. missi dominici ________ 5. harassing to cause suﬀering E. patriarch ________ 6. writing room F. Constantinople ________ 7. deposed emperor of the Western Roman Empire G. pope ________ 8. head of the Eastern Orthodox Church H. persecution ________ 9. messengers of the lord king I. ordeal _______ 10. successor to Peter J. plague Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission is granted to reproduce for classroom use. DIRECTIONS: Multiple Choice Indicate the answer choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. _______ 11. How did monks and nuns help to spread Christianity throughout Europe? A. by preserving the works of ancient authors B. by living communally and keeping to a strict schedule of prayer C. through missionary activities D. through prayer and manual labor _______ 12. What did Charlemagne do that merged Roman, Christian, and German elements in his kingdom? A. He was born a German, converted to Christianity, and learned Latin. B. As a German king, he modeled his government on the Romans and made Christianity the official religion of the empire. C. He had the Christian Bible and the works of classical Latin authors translated into German. D. He, a German king, was crowned emperor of the Romans by the pope. World History and Geography 81 NAME ___________________________________________________ DATE _____________________ CLASS ______________ netw rks Chapter 8 Test, Form A cont. The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe _______ 13. How far had Christianity spread one hundred years after the death of Jesus? A. Christian churches had been established in most of the major cities of the eastern part of the Roman Empire, mainly attracting members from the Jewish and Greek-speaking populations. B. Christianity was the official religion of the Roman Empire. C. Christianity had very few followers and was not known outside of Judaea. D. Although Christians faced persecution, the Christian community was well established in Rome and had developed a structure based on the leadership of special clergy called bishops. _______ 14. Which one of the following statements most accurately reﬂects the situation in the western half of the Roman Empire in the mid-ﬁfth century? A. Although it had suffered some invasions by outside forces, it was still relatively intact because of a strong military. B. After a series of invasions by Visigoths and Vandals, it was becoming a collection of smaller Germanic kingdoms. C. It was led by a powerful emperor, Romulus Augustulus. D. It was controlled by the Senate, which was made up of powerful landowners. _______ 15. What was the basis for imperial law in the Eastern Roman Empire? A. Roman law, as codified by Justinian B. Germanic law, as codified by Charlemagne D. Catholic law, as codified by Gregory the Great _______ 16. Which emperor made Christianity the oﬃcial religion of the Roman Empire? A. Diocletian B. Constantine C. Nero D. Theodosius the Great _______ 17. Which of the following statements best describes how Clovis laid the groundwork for the Carolingian Empire? A. He formed an alliance with the Roman Catholic Church. B. He was a great patron of the arts. C. He established the Frankish kingdom and converted to Christianity. D. He divided his kingdom between his three sons. 82 World History and Geography Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission is granted to reproduce for classroom use. C. Islamic law, as codified by the Seljuk Turks NAME ___________________________________________________ DATE _____________________ CLASS ______________ Chapter 8 Test, Form A cont. netw rks The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe _______ 18. How did Gregory the Great strengthen the papacy? A. He took control of Rome and surrounding territories, which gave the papacy a source of political power. B. He established a rule for monasticism that provided a model for monks and nuns throughout Europe. C. As chief apostle, he received the keys to the kingdom of heaven from Jesus. D. He built an army to defend the Roman Catholic Church from non-Christian forces. _______ 19. Which of the following may have contributed to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire? A. too much emphasis on agriculture and the arts B. lack of a strong authoritarian government C. population decline due to plague and lack of a workable political system D. a weak military _______ 20. What issues did the Byzantine Empire face in the eleventh century? A. plague and invasions by Ostrogoths and Visigoths B. schism with the Roman Catholic Church in the west and the advance of the Seljuk Turks C. schism with Islam and a declining silk industry Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission is granted to reproduce for classroom use. D. plague and riots following chariot races World History and Geography 83 NAME ___________________________________________________ DATE _____________________ CLASS ______________ netw rks Chapter 8 Test, Form A cont. The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe DIRECTIONS: Essay Answer the following questions on a separate piece of paper. 21. Describe the organization and leadership of the Christian Church that emerged in the fourth century. 22. Explain the policies of Diocletian and Constantine. How were their policies alike? How were they diﬀerent? Early Byzantine Empire 45°N 10°E 20°E EUROPE E W GAUL S Bla Ravenna Split Corsica Rome Naples ck Se a Constantinople ITALY SPAIN 40°E 30°E N A 0° PERSI 10°W ATLANTIC OCEAN Durres Sardinia Cartagena 35°N Sicily SYRIA ES TIN E Ad Decimum Mediterranean Sea Before Justinian, A.D. 527 After Justinian’s conquests, A.D. 565 EGYPT 0 AFRICA 250 L PA 500 miles 250 500 kilometers 0 Lambert Conic Conformal Projection 84 World History and Geography Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission is granted to reproduce for classroom use. 23. Using the map and information in the chapter, describe Justinian’s accomplishments.