Each was A period of ancient Egyptian history that lasted from about Download

Transcript
Ancient Egypt
Geography:
The ancient Egyptians thought of Egypt as being divided into two types of land,
the 'black land' and the 'red land'.
What does ‘black land’ mean? Fertile land on the banks of the Nile.
What does ‘red land’ mean? The barren desert that protected Egypt on 2 sides.
Gods and Goddessess:
The ancient Egyptians believed in many different gods and goddesses. Each one
with their own role to play in maintaining peace and harmony across the land.
Name 4 things that the god or goddesses did for the people:
1. created them, 2. brought the floods for them, 3. protected them, 4. took care of
them.
Mummification:
The earliest ancient Egyptians buried their dead in small pits in the desert. The
heat and dryness of the sand dehydrated the bodies quickly, creating lifelike and
natural 'mummies'.
Why did the Egyptians start burying their dead in coffins?
To protect them from wild animals in the desert.
What happened when they put the bodies in coffins?
The body decayed.
Click on the word embalming. What does it mean?
To treat a dead ody with preservatives to keep it looking life like.
Pharaoh: Lord of the Two Lands:
The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the pharaoh. The pharaoh was
the political and religious leader of the Egyptian people, holding the titles: 'Lord of
the Two Lands' and 'High Priest of Every Temple'.
What does ‘Lord of the Two Lands’ mean
It was the name for the pharaoh who was the ruler of the Upper and Lower
Egypt.
What does ‘High Priest of Every Temple’ mean? The pharaoh was the high
priest of every temple. He was the gods representatives on earth.
Pyramids:
The ancient Egyptians built pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and their
queens. The pharaohs were buried in pyramids of many different shapes and
sizes from before the beginning of the Old Kingdom to the end of the Middle
Kingdom.
Click on the words ‘Old Kingdom’ and ‘Middle Kingdom’:
Each was A period of ancient Egyptian history that lasted from about:
Old Kingdom’ 2686 B.C. to 2181 B. C.
Middle Kingdom’2055 B.C. to 1650 B. C.
The most well known pyramid was built for the pharaohKhufu.
It is known as the Great Pyramid.
Temples:
The ancient Egyptians believed that temples were the homes of the gods and
goddesses.
Who were the temples dedicated to? To a specific god or goddess and he or she
was worshiped there by the temple priests and the pharaoh.
Why were the large temple buildings made of stone? So they would last forever.
Time:
How long did the civilization of ancient Egypt last? 3 thousand years
Trades:
Read a story about how difficult life could be for a craftsman by clicking on
‘Story.’
Look through some ancient Egyptian workshops by clicking on ‘Explore.”
Play the ‘Challenge’ to find out about Tools of the Trade.
Writing:
The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate
information about religion and government. Thus, they invented written scripts
that could be used to record this information
The most famous of all ancient Egyptian scripts is Hieroglyphic
Using these scripts, scribes were able to preserve the beliefs, history and ideas
of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls and on papyrus scrolls.
Go back through the different sections and look at each ‘Story’, ‘Explore,’ and
‘Challenge.’
Ancient Egypt.The British Museum.1999.
http://www.ancientegypt.co.uk/menu.html(February 20,2006)