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Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us
Predict Weather?
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Florida Benchmarks
• SC.5.E.7.3 Recognize how air temperature,
barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and
direction, and precipitation determine the weather
in a particular place and time.
• SC.5.E.7.7 Design a family preparedness plan for
natural disasters and identify reasons for having
such a plan.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Windy Weather
• Air is made of matter. It has mass and volume.
• Air pressure is the weight of the atmosphere on
Earth’s surface.
• The sun does not heat all parts of Earth evenly.
This causes changes in air pressure.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Windy Weather
• Wind is moving air.
• Differences in air pressure cause the air to move.
• Wind blows from areas of high pressure to areas
of low pressure.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Local Winds
• Land heats up more quickly than water does
during the day.
• A sea breeze forms during the day when warm air
over land rises and cool air over water moves
inland to replace it.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Local Winds
• Land loses heat faster than water at night.
• A land breeze forms when cool air over land
moves out to sea to replace the warm air rising
from the water.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Windy Weather
• Use the image below to describe how temperature
affects air pressure.
• How does temperature affect the density of air?
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Battling Bodies of Air
• An air mass is a large body of air that has the
same temperature and moisture properties
throughout.
• An air mass that forms over warm land will be
warm and dry.
• An air mass that forms over cold water will be cold
and wet.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Battling Bodies of Air
• The boundary where two different air masses
meet is called a front.
• A cold front forms where a cold air mass moves
under a warm air mass.
• A warm front forms where a warm air mass moves
over a cold air mass.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Battling Bodies of Air
• Describe what is happening in the diagram.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Battling Bodies of Air
• Describe what is happening in the diagram.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Mapping the Weather
• A weather map is a map that uses symbols to
show weather data.
• Different symbols show warm fronts and cold
fronts.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Mapping the Weather
• Describe the weather in three places.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
Mapping the Weather
• Meteorologists get data from weather tools
located at weather stations.
• A weather station is a structure that has tools for
measuring and recording weather data at a given
location.
• Satellites and Doppler weather radar are also used
to gather weather data.
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Answer the following in complete sentences:
 1. What weather data do meteorologist collect?

 2. What do meteorologist do with this data?


 3.What methods do meteorologist use to make
accurate weather forecast?

 4. Why do you think it might be important to
track the weather over the oceans?
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
When Disaster Strikes
• Tornadoes, hurricanes, and blizzards are types of
severe weather.
• A tornado has a funnel shape and can form from
violent thunderstorms.
• A hurricane is a strong low-pressure storm that
forms over warm water.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
When Disaster Strikes
• A blizzard is a strong winter storm with high winds
and heavy snowfall.
• Preparedness plans help people stay safe when
disaster strikes.
Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Unit 3 Lesson 4 How Do Weather Patterns Help Us Predict Weather?
When Disaster Strikes
• You should try to be indoors for severe weather.
• Prepare an emergency kit with water, food, and a
first-aid kit.
• Listen to the radio for storm warnings.
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