Chapter 5 Reading Guide Download

Transcript
Name ________________________________________________________________________ Period _______
Chapter 5 Reading Guide – Becoming a World Power (1872-1917)
Lesson 1, pp. 180-183 The Imperialist Vision
Directions:
Define or identify the following:
1.
imperialism
2.
protectorate
3.
Pan-Americanism
Directions:
Read the lesson in your text to complete the outline below:
I.
Building Support for Imperialism
A.
Until the late 1800s the United States had expanded by settling territory in _______________.
B.
Americans decided that to keep the economy strong, the nation needed new _____________.
C.
Americans needed a ____________________ to protect its merchant ships, and defend its
rights to trade. Without this, many people felt the United States would be shut out of ______.
II.
American Expansion in the Pacific
A.
To expand their nation, Americans looked westward toward the ____________________ and
the nation of ____________________ .
B.
In 1853, ____________________ entered Edo Bay and negotiated the Treaty of Kanagawa.
C.
This treaty granted the United States ____________________________ at two Japanese ports.
D.
In a treaty with Hawaii, the United States received the rights to a ____________________
at ____________________.
Directions:
Summarize the main ideas of this lesson by answering the following question:
List two reasons why Americans supported imperialism:
1.
2.
______________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________
Directions:
As you read about the development of the U. S. as a world power, write the major headings of
the lesson to complete the outline below:
The Imperialist Vision
I.
Building Support for Imperialism
A.
A Desire for New Markets
B.
C.
II.
American Expansion in the Pacific
A.
B.
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Lesson 2, pp. 184-189
Directions:
Define or identify the following:
1.
yellow journalism
2.
autonomy
3.
jingoism
Directions:
Read each main idea and refer to your textbook to answer the questions below:
A.
Main Idea:
The United States and Cuba were closely tied economically, and many Americans
supported Cuba’s fight for independence.
1.
Who was José Martí? __________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
What was the role of yellow journalism in building support for Cuba?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
3.
How did the explosion of the battleship USS Maine hasten the United States going to war?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
B.
Main Idea:
One part of America’s navy blockaded Cuba, while another squadron took control of
Manila, the Philippine capital.
1.
What was the Battle of Manila Bay?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Who were the Rough Riders?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
3.
How did the Spanish-American War end?
________________________________________________________________________________________
C.
Main Idea:
After the war, the United States had to decide what to do with its new territories.
1.
What were the conditions of the Treaty of Paris of 1898?
_________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
Why did the United States insist that the Platt Amendment be added to Cuba’s constitution?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
3.
When did the Puerto Ricans gain U.S. citizenship? __________________________
4.
When did the Philippines gain independence? ______________________
Directions:
Summarize the main ideas of this lesson by answering the question below:
Explain how the Spanish-American War led to the United States having more colonies overseas.
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Lesson 3, pp. 190-195 New American Diplomacy
Directions:
Define or identify the following:
1.
sphere of influence
2
2.
Open Door policy
3.
dollar diplomacy
4.
guerilla
Directions:
A.
1.
2.
B.
1.
2.
3.
C.
1.
2.
3.
Read each main idea below then refer to your textbook to write the details that support or
explain each one.
Main Idea:
When the United States became a major power in Asia, its main interest was in
commerce.
Details:
The _____________________________ policy allowed each foreign nation in China to trade in another
country’s sphere of influence.
The ____________________ was an attempt by Chinese groups to destroy the influence of Westerners
in China.
Main Idea:
President Theodore Roosevelt continued to expand the influence of the United States
abroad.
Details:
The relationship between the United States and ____________________ was held in check over the
years by a series of agreements.
In 1903 the United States signed a treaty with ____________________ agreeing to build a canal
connecting the __________________ and the ___________________Oceans.
President ____________________’s policy called ____________________ encouraged American
businesses to invest in Latin American development.
Main Idea:
Woodrow Wilson wanted to change the tone of U.S. foreign policy, but some of his
actions damaged U.S. relations.
Details:
Wilson refused to recognize General ____________________ when he seized power in Mexico.
Wilson sent marines to seize the Mexican city of ____________________.
Many Latin Americans thought Wilson’s “_________________________” style of diplomacy was no
improvement over Roosevelt’s “big stick” diplomacy.
Directions:
Summarize the main ideas of this lesson by writing the answer to the following question:
Explain how these four American presidents extended American influence throughout the world between 1897
and 1917:
1. McKinley ____________________________________________________________________________
2.
T.Roosevelt____________________________________________________________________________
(________________ Diplomacy)
3.
Taft ___________________________________________________________________________________
(________________ Diplomacy)
4.
Wilson ________________________________________________________________________________
(________________ Diplomacy)
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