Download Roman Republic

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Transcript
Roman Republic and Roman Empire
Piedmont Middle School
6th Grade Social Studies
Warm-Up
• How did the geography of Rome impact its development?
– Rivers
– Bodies of Water
– Mountains
Warm-up:
How did the geography of Rome impact its development?
• City was located at the top of 7 hills
– This made it easier to defend
• The city was built 15 miles inland along the Tiber River
– This made it hard to attack from the sea but still allowed for trade and was a
fresh water source
• On the Italian Peninsula (surrounded by water)
– Good for trade and navy
– Islands that surrounded the peninsula were also important for trade and
defense
• Protected by Mountains
– The Alps and Apennines
• Good climate and farmland
– Able to grow beans, veggies, fruits, olives, and grapes
Roman Republic
Brainpop- The Roman Republic
• Lasted from 509 BCE – 49 BCE
– Almost 500 years
Roman Republic
Brainpop- The Roman Republic
• The Republic had 3 branches of governments,
very similar to what we have today:
– Senate: Noble and wealthy people
– Consul: Judges and military commanders
– Assembly: Common people (elected)
Roman Republic
Brainpop- The Roman Republic
• The United States uses a system called “checks
and balances” so that no one branch of
government becomes too powerful
– Legislative: Make laws
– Executive: Enforce laws
– Judicial: Decided if laws are fair, if someone broke
a law
Civil War
• A civil war is a war between groups of
the same country
– The United States Civil War lasted from
1860-1865
– The Union (North) defeated the
Confederacy (South)
• In Rome, a civil war broke out between
the people in 49 BCE
– The working class felt that they did not
have as many rights as the wealthy
Civil War
• During this time, Julius Caesar
became the most powerful figure
in the Roman Republic
• The Republic began to expand,
conquering areas around the
Mediterranean
– Julius Caesar and his armies were
capturing more land for Rome
Roman Republic
• Many generals and other nobles
from Rome didn’t approve of
Julius Caesar
• They ordered Julius Caesar to
come back to Rome without his
army
• Caesar came back to Rome with
his army and fought the generals
and nobles in a civil war
Roman Republic shifts to the Roman Empire
Brainpop- Rise of the Roman Empire
• Caesar won the civil war and declared
himself dictator (Rome was no longer
a republic)
– He was allied with Cleopatra from Egypt
– She provided him with money and
supplies
Roman Republic shifts to the Roman Empire
Brainpop- Rise of the Roman Empire
• Although Caesar was now a dictator,
he was still well-liked by the people
• Caesar did some good things for the
people while in control
– Gave land to soldiers
– Gave food to the poor
– Granted citizenship to those who were
not citizens
End of the Roman Republic
• Even though most people in Rome liked
Caesar, the nobles and senators did not
because they lost all of their power
• In 44 BCE, Julius Caesar was stabbed to death
on the senate floor
Roman Empire
• After Caesar’s death, there was a
lot of fighting for control of Rome
• Octavian was crowned emperor
after all of the fighting
• Octavian was also known as
Augustus
– Julius Caesar was his great-uncle
Roman Empire
• Augustus changed the government so that the
wealthy citizens and normal citizens were equally
represented
– However, Augustus still maintained the power of an emperor