... Francis Bacon and John Locke’s scientific views led to the development
G. Stanley Hall
He established the first American psychological laboratory.
Wrote a famous textbook “Principles of Psychology.”
01-Introducing Health Psychology
... • Diseases and life span vary by ethnicity.
E.g. Japanese live longer that European
European Americans live longer that African
Area of Emphasis Description of Area of Emphasis
... brain injury patients), individuals who have chronic medical conditions that require high levels of
behavioral adherence to complex regimens of care (e.g., asthma or diabetes), and individuals with
significant behavioral lifestyle management issues related to physical disability (e.g., obesity,
Simple Short Reports #2 Junk Food Monkeys Dr. Craig Jackson
... Incidence of obese Olive Baboons reported near game lodges
Incidences of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes in local staff.
Develop a research methodology to test if Western diets are to
blame for the health patterns of the local workers
*Title taken from Robert M Sapolsky
1 – hepatosclerosis (25%)
... In the country Faraway, the hypothetical liver disease hepatosclerosis shortens life expectancy
by 10 years in young people who are infected. The disease can be cured with a drug
(Sclerokill®) that is without side effects, but the drug is only effective in young individuals
when the disease is asymp ...
... The development of behavioral medicine altered
psychology’s role in medicine by concentrating on
behavioral rather than mental factors in health and
illness. Behavioral medicine is an interdisciplinary
field that attempts to integrate behavioral and
biomedical knowledge and techniques and to
apply t ...
... Study Guide
Leading a Health Life- Chapter 1
Section 1:Health and Teens
1. Prior to the twentieth century what is the leading cause of illness/deaths in the
past? Name two types of infectious diseases.
2. What is the leading cause of illness/deaths today?
3. What are the differences between lifestyl ...
Intro to Psychology
... scientific because it
was based on self
not scientific methods
to gather research
• Freud died in 1939
• The idea that our
inner conflicts, and
affect our behavior
and personality, is still
accepted by some
The Basics - Fall Creek High School
... research/apply ways to make the work setting better
-Health psychologists: study the relationship between
psychological factors and physical well-being
-Consumer psychologists: look at people’s purchases
and reaction to advertising
Behavioral Health Disparities
... conditions that are linked to chronic
physical and mental health conditions
Limited research on effectiveness of
specific community interventions.
Best available evidence
... the state of complete physical, social,
and spiritual well being—not simply the
absence of illness.”
... Functionalism – adapting to environment
Psychoanalysis – the unconscious
Gestalt – patterns, the whole picture
Behaviorism–only look at observable behavior
Humanistic – people innately good, choices
Cognitive – mental processes
Module 1.1 Foundations of Modern Psychology Lecture Outline
... 2. Emphasizes the importance of self-awareness and becoming an authentic person
by being true to oneself
D. Physiological perspective
1. Relations between biological process and behavior
2. Emphasizes the roles of heredity, hormones, the nervous system, and
E. Evolutionary pe ...
... criteria for major depressive disorder. Research studies have not shown
antidepressant medication to be beneficial but have shown increased
suicidal risk in adolescents. Other treatment options are pursued.
... Much of the strongest work has involved providing theoretical and conceptual
frameworks that elucidate the (non)practice of health behaviors, the role of
stress in affecting illness and illness behavior … these theoretical
conceptualizations constitute major contributions inasmuch as they are often
Psychology - HGunnWikiMHS
... labeled by the rejection. They see
themselves as unlovable and are likely to
lash out. Their goal is revenge.
• Those with a growth mindset are likely to
respond to the rejection with
understanding and forgiveness and a
desire to move on.
... nervous system, and endocrine system.
O Study the role of specific brain systems in
Tugas B.inggris minggu I
... Social psychology is the scientific study of how people's thougth,
feelings, and behaviours are influenced by the actual, imagined, or
implied presence of others. By this definition, scientific refers to the
empirical method of investigation. The terms thoughts, feelings, and
behaviors include all ...
2 Applying the Sociological Imagination to Health, Illness, and the
... mental hospital revealed that behavior is often a response or reaction to other individuals or physical
settings. Thus, an individual’s behavior in a mental hospital is a response to the context (rules, regulations, expectations) of the hospital rather than who the individual is. Symbolic interactio ...
Chapter 1 – Why Study Psychology
... ii. Psychiatrist differs in that it is a specialty of medicine. They are
medical students who do their residency in a psych ward or psych
b. Clinical Psychologist – help people deal with their personal problems
i. Work in mental hospitals, private offices, prisons and clinics
ii. ½ of psyc ...
Health psychology is the study of psychological and behavioral processes in health, illness, and healthcare. It is concerned with understanding how psychological, behavioral, and cultural factors contribute to physical health and illness. Psychological factors can affect health directly. For example, chronically occurring environmental stressors affecting the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis, cumulatively, can harm health. Behavioral factors can also affect a person's health. For example, certain behaviors can, over time, harm (smoking, excessive alcohol consumption) or enhance health (exercise, low fat diet). Health psychologists take a biopsychosocial approach. In other words, health psychologists understand health to be the product not only of biological processes (e.g., a virus, tumor, etc.) but also of psychological (e.g., thoughts and beliefs), behavioral (e.g., habits), and social processes (e.g., socioeconomic status and ethnicity).By understanding psychological factors that influence health, and constructively applying that knowledge, health psychologists can improve health by working directly with individual patients or indirectly in large-scale public health programs. In addition, health psychologists can help train other healthcare professionals (e.g., physicians and nurses) to take advantage of the knowledge the discipline has generated, when treating patients. Health psychologists work in a variety of settings: alongside other medical professionals in hospitals and clinics, in public health departments working on large-scale behavior change and health promotion programs, and in universities and medical schools where they teach and conduct research.Although its early beginnings can be traced to the field of clinical psychology, four different divisions within health psychology and one related field, occupational health psychology (OHP), have developed over time. The four divisions include clinical health psychology, public health psychology, community health psychology, and critical health psychology. Professional organizations for the field of health psychology include Division 38 of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Division of Health Psychology of the British Psychological Society (BPS), and the European Health Psychology Society. Advanced credentialing in the US as a clinical health psychologist is provided through the American Board of Professional Psychology.