The Aztecs - mrfarshtey.net
... Calpulli is a group of extended families that controlled the use of local lands and
performed other territorial and social functions
Each urban settlement had a calpulli and four main leaders would be selected to a
governing board - the most powerful being named Tlatoani
The Tlatoani from the ...
... culture influenced later peoples, especially
In the late 1200s, bands of nomadic people,
the ancestors of the Aztecs, migrated into
the Valley of Mexico from the north.
Aztec Empire 1200-1521
... Mexicas were shown a vision of an eagle
perched on a prickly pear cactus, eating a
snake. This vision indicated that this was the
location where they were to build their home.
The Mexicas eventually arrived on a small
swampy island in Lake Texcoco where they
founded the town of Tenochtitlan in 132 ...
... AZTEC NOTES
•The Aztecs moved south until they saw the_________________
__________________________________ c. 1325
•Built _________________ (Mexico City) in the early 1400’s
•By 1500, the Aztec empire covered most of present day ________
•The Aztecs ________________ neighboring ...
... Mexica of Tenochtitlan were most powerful group. Allied with
two other city-states to control most of current-day Mexico:
Texcoco, Tenochtitlan, and Tlacopan
The powerful Aztec empire was located in the valley of Mexico, known
today as Mexico City (Valley of Mexico). Its physical geography played a major
role in the success of the Aztec society. Its geography was mountainous and
surrounded by lakes and swampland. Due to the mountains, it was also ...
... Military virtues were based on the ability to take captives.
The military was divided into several orders of warriors: each with distinctive uniform
Social stratification was noticeable by the use and restrictions on clothing, hairstyles,
uniforms and other symbols of rank
When the nobil ...
The Aztec - sheridanhistory
... • The Aztecs were hunters
and gatherers who lived
in present day Mexico.
Just like the Maya, they
calendars would tell them
when to plant and
perform rituals. The
Aztec were fierce warriors
and eventually had the
largest empire in
... Mainly agrarian people, or farming people
Divided into nobles and commoners
Nobles made up 5 to 10% of population
Slaves were the lowest class
Slaves could marry, own property, and buy
their freedom if they could afford
• All Aztec children went to school for at
least a few years
The Aztecs Control Central America
... • Built their city
• Eventually linked islands
• Palaces, temples, markets,
• Other cities formed around
... On arriving in the New World to conquer the
Aztec Empire he bought 400 men and burned
his ships which meant the only way to survive
was to win.
By sheer chance he arrived in sync with an
Aztec prophecy of the coming of a God and
he simply marched into the capital asking the
emperor to tell his peopl ...
THE AZTEC EMPIRE
... • Tenochtitlan was a magnificent capital city, at its center were an
open plaza and one or more towering pyramid- temples.
• To supply the city with enough fresh water, the Aztecs built
aqueducts which carried spring water from distant sources.
Codex Mendoza Pic and Explanation
... a place where they saw an eagle (an Aztec symbol for sun) atop a cactus growing from a rock. They observed this sign in
the middle of Lake Texcoco, and so established their capital on an island in the lake in 1325CE. The blue geometric
outline represents the water/canals the city was built upon. The ...
Aztec Empire History
... Cities divided into clan-based neighborhoods called calpulli, each was
ruled by a hereditary “chief”
had its own local temple and school
Maya Aztec Inca notes and facts
... • Lived on the Yucatan Peninsula (modern day Guatemala, Southern Mexico, El Salvador,
Belize, and Honduras)
• Lived in the lowlands and rainforest
o Used canals and terracing
• Mayas share many features with other civilizations because of the high degree of
interaction and cultural diffusion
• The d ...
Name - mrsmertens
... What rations did Cortes take with him to the Mexican mainland while looking for gold?
The Aztecs Applying G.R.A.P.E.S.
... bring fresh water to the city.
They also built bridges and causeways
They built great pyramids and temples
They had a number and writing system/codex
The Aztec Calendar.
Pre-Columbian Aztec society was a highly complex and stratified society that developed among the Aztecs of central Mexico in the centuries prior to the Spanish conquest of Mexico, and which was built on the cultural foundations of the larger region of Mesoamerica. Politically, the society was organised into independent city-states, called altepetls, composed of smaller divisions (calpulli), which were again usually composed of one or more extended kinship groups. Socially, the society depended on a rather strict division between nobles and free commoners, both of which were themselves divided into elaborate hierarchies of social status, responsibilities, and power. Economically the society was dependent on agriculture, and also to a large extent on warfare. Other economically important factors were commerce, long distance and local, and a high degree of trade specialisation.