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Study Guide for Spring Final
Evolution and Ecology
1. What is a heterotroph?
2. How can we tell if organisms share a common ancestor?
3. What is a homologous structure?
4. What is a vestigial structure?
5. What are a producer and a consumer? Be able to recognize examples of each.
6. What is an energy pyramid?
7. What happens to the energy as you go up an energy pyramid?
8. Where are the producers located on an energy pyramid?
9. What is natural selection?
10. What are commensalisms, mutualism, competition and parasitism? Be able to
recognize examples of these relationships.
11. Organisms well suited to there environment do what? (Key to evolution/natural
12. What does exponential growth look like?
13. What is a food web?
14. What does succession in an ecosystem look like?
15. What is an abiotic factor and know examples.
16. What is a biome?
17. What is necessary for natural selection to occur?
18. What is the carrying capacity and what does it look like on a population graph?
19. What is an adaptation? Be able to recognize examples.
20. What does it mean to evolve?
21. What is the major reason for extinction of a species?
22. What evidence is there that evolution and natural selection has occurred?
23. What is a species?
24. What materials recycle through our environment? Which do not? (energy)
25. What ecosystem (biome) has the greatest species diversity?
26. What are a niche, habitat and ecosystem?
27. What is evolution?
28. Be able to recognize an example of a biological community? (pond, aquarium,
forest, etc.)