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Roaring 20s to World War II (1920-1945)
Study guide pt. 2 – AP U.S. History
Main ideas / changes over time:
Beginnings of World War II
Between 1935 and 1941, the U.S. stayed neutral but became increasingly involved in the beginnings of World War II,
eventually entering the war after the Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor.
The U.S. Homefront during World War II
During World War II, the United States rapidly mobilized war production, involved citizens in the effort, opened new
opportunities to disadvantaged groups while discriminating against others, and ended the New Deal.
The Course and End of World War II
Between 1942 and 1945, the U.S.-led Allies defeated the Germans and Italians in Europe before defeating the Japanese in
the Pacific, ultimately using atomic weapons and disagreeing over the post-war world.
SFI names and terms – remember to make connections, understand significance, recognize cause and effect, and group with
patterns and categories
Nye Committee
14. Winston Churchill
28. Dwight Eisenhower
Soviet Union (USSR)
15. Pearl Harbor
29. D-Day
Joseph Stalin
16. Albert Einstein
30. Firebombing of Dresden
Benito Mussolini
17. Manhattan Project
31. V-E Day
18. Navajo code talkers
32. The Holocaust
Nazism / Nazi Party
19. Tuskegee Airmen
33. Douglas MacArthur
Adolf Hitler
20. U.S. war production
34. Island-hopping
Causes / roots of World War II
21. Scrap drives / victory gardens
35. Conferences – Tehran, Yalta,
Blitzkrieg of Poland
22. Propaganda
10. Axis Powers
23. Rosie the Riveter
36. Harry Truman
11. Allied Powers / Allies
24. Negro March on Washington
37. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
12. Isolationism
25. A. Phillip Randolph
38. V-J Day
13. Neutrality laws (cash and carry,
26. Korematsu v. U.S. 1944
destroyers for bases, lend-lease)
27. Battle of Midway
Presidential terms 1920-1948
1920-1933 – Prohibition era (18th, 21st Amendments)
1929 – Stock market crash, beginning of Depression
1941 – Attack on Pearl Harbor; US enters war
1939-1945 – World War II
DBQ essay question possibilities:
1. The 1920’s were a period of tension between new and changing attitudes on the one hand and traditional
values and nostalgia on the other. What led to the tension between old and new AND in what ways was the
tension manifested?
2. Analyze the responses of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration to the problems of the Great Depression.
How effective were these responses? How did they change the role of the Federal government?
3. To what extent did the goals of American foreign policy change in the years 1930-1941? For what reasons did
these goals change?