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American Government
4-1: Lesson 1- Federalism
Objective: Understand the concept of Federalism and what differentiates Federal powers from State powers.
Guiding Question: How is power divided between Federal Government and the states?
Standards: ss.912.c.1.1, ss.912.c.1.3, ss.912.c.1.5, ss.91.c.3.2, ss.912.c.3.14
division of power
Federalism- A system of government in which power is divided between a central (national) and several regional
governments (states).
Strong central
(Articles of Confederation)
Strong states, weak national
National government and
states share power.
1. Why did the United States choose to be a confederation after defeating the British in the Revolutionary War?
2. Why did the Articles of Confederation fail?
3. What advantages would a federal system provide?
4. In the Constitution section of the textbook, find Article 1, Section 8. List at least 10 powers that Article 1, Section 8
specifically assigns to Congress.
5. Read the last part of the Clause (line 18), this part of the Constitution is known as the “Necessary and Proper Clause.” What
does the clause allow Congress to do?
6. Find the 10th Amendment. According to the 10th Amendment, what types of powers are left to the states?
7. How might the Necessary and Proper Clause and the 10th Amendment conflict?