Download OCR GCSE (9-1) Geography B Dynamic Development Learner

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Learner Resource 3
Development Indicators
Development indicator
Advantages and Disadvantages of using
this indicator a measure of development
GDP
Gross Domestic Product - the monetary
value of all the goods and services produced
within a country’s borders in a year, including
government spending.
GDP per capita
As GDP, but divided by the population.
Birth rate
The number of babies born every year per
1000 people in a population.
Death rate
Also known as the mortality rate, is most
commonly measured by crude death rate,
which is the number of deaths per 1,000
people in the midyear population.
Life expectancy
Average number of years that a newborn is
expected to live if current mortality rates
continue to apply.
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Infant mortality rate
Probability of dying between birth and
exactly one year of age expressed per 1,000
live births.
HDI
Human Development Index - a statistical tool
used to measure a country’s overall social
and economic dimensions, based on the
health of people, their level of education
attainment and their standard of living
(health, wealth and education).
Literacy rate
The percentage of the population (older than
15 years) who can read and write (including
numeracy).
Happy Index
The extent to which countries deliver long,
happy, sustainable lives for the people that
live in them. The Index uses global data on
life expectancy, experienced well-being and
Ecological Footprint to calculate this. The
index ranks countries on how many long and
happy lives they produce per unit of
environmental input.
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Now you have an understanding of what the development indicators are, can you rank them
in a diamond nine to show which ones you think are most useful in judging development?
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2
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3
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4
4
5
Stretch and challenge: Can you explain why you picked your number one and number five?
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