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EOC American History Exam Review
Standard 2 – Western Expansion to Progressivism
US.2.1 Evaluate the social, political, and economic antagonism that occurred between ethnic and cultural groups as a result of westward
expansion
• assimilation
• battles with Plains Indians
• Ghost Dance
• Chinese Exclusion Act
• Dawes Act
• Exodusters
• dispersal of the Plains Indians
US.2.2 Describe the economic changes that came about on the western frontier as a result of the expansion of the railroad, cattle
kingdoms, and farming
• boom and bust nature of mining towns
• end of the open range
• effects of the Homestead Act
• transcontinental trade from the railroad
US.2.3 Describe the causes of the political, social, and economic problems encountered by farmers on the western frontier and critique
the solutions developed by the Populist movement
• agrarian movement
• People’s Party/Populist Party
• William Jennings Bryan
• Patrons of Husbandry/the Grange
• bimetallism
• “Cross of Gold” speech
• Populism
• free silver
US.2.4 Examine the effect of the government’s laissez-faire policy, innovations in technology and transportation, and changes in
business organization that led to the growth of an industrial economy
• Bessemer process
• electricity
• horizontal integration
• John D. Rockefeller
• telephone
• vertical integration
• J. P. Morgan
• expansion of railroads
• monopolies
• Standard Oil Company
• mass production
• trusts
• Carnegie Steel
• assembly line
• robber barons vs. captains of
• corporations
industry • Andrew Carnegie
US.2.5 Illustrate the phases, geographic origins, and motivations behind mass immigration and explain how these factors accelerated
urbanization
• “new” immigrants of the late
• eastern and southern European
• Angel Island
nineteenth century and early twentieth
immigrants
• Ellis Island
century
• push and pull factors of immigration
US.2.6 Describe the challenges associated with immigration, urbanization, and rapid industrialization and evaluate the government’s
response
• assimilation
• ghettos
• political machines (Boss William
• Clayton Anti-Trust Act
• settlement houses (Hull House)
Tweed, Tammany Hall)
• Federal Reserve Act
• tenement housing
• Sherman Anti-Trust Act
• Social Darwinism
US.2.7 Examine the social, political, and economic struggles of a growing labor force that resulted in the formation of labor unions
and evaluate their attempts to improve working conditions
• labor leaders (Terence V. Powderly,
Samuel Gompers, Eugene Debs)
• labor unions (Knights of Labor,
• major labor strikes (Great Railroad
• child labor
American Federation of Labor,
Strike of 1877, Homestead Strike,
• working conditions
Industrial Workers of the World)
Pullman Strike)
• Triangle Shirtwaist factory fire
• Haymarket Square Riot
• Socialist Party
US.2.8 Identify the goals of Progressivism; describe the influence of the muckrakers, political leaders, and intellectuals; and evaluate
the movement’s successes and failures
• social reformers (Mother Jones,
• conservation
• women’s suffrage movement (Alice
Florence Kelley)
• municipal reforms
Paul, Carrie Chapman Catt)
• muckrakers (Ida Tarbell, Upton
• voting reforms (direct primary,
• legislation (Meat Inspection Act,
Sinclair)
initiative, referendum, recall)
Pure Food and Drug Act)
• trust busting
• amendments (Sixteenth,
Seventeenth, Eighteenth, &
Nineteenth Amendments)
• founding of the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored
People
• W. E. B. Du Bois
• Theodore Roosevelt
• William Howard Taft
• Woodrow Wilson
• Progressive Party/Bull Moose Party
• election of 1912
Standard 3 – Isolationism Through the Great War
US.3.1 Analyze the causes of U.S. imperialistic policies and describe both the immediate and long-term consequences upon newly
acquired territories
• economic causes
• annexation of Hawaii
• Puerto Rico
• jingoism
• Spanish-American War
• Panama Canal
• military expansion
• Cuba
• Great White Fleet
• Social Darwinism
• Guam
• map of territories acquired
• yellow journalism
• Philippines
• Anti-Imperialist League
US.3.2 Describe the influence of U.S. imperialistic foreign policies upon Latin America and the Pacific region
• Open Door policy
• moral diplomacy
• Philippines Insurrection
• Roosevelt Corollary/Big Stick policy
• banana republics
• Mexican Revolution and Pancho
• dollar diplomacy
• Boxer Rebellion
Villa
US.3.3 Describe the root causes of World War I and evaluate the reasons for U.S. entry into the war
• alliances
• nationalism
• Sussex Pledge
• assassination of Archduke Franz
• militarism
• Zimmermann Telegram
Ferdinand
• unrestricted submarine warfare
• imperialism
• sinking of the Lusitania
US.3.4 Explain how the U.S. government financed WWI, managed the economy, and directed public support for the war effort
• Great Migration
• Committee on Public Information
• voluntary policies of the Food
• victory gardens
• Selective Service Act
Administration
• liberty bonds
• Espionage Act of 1917
• Sedition Act of 1918
• propaganda
• War Industries Board
• Schenk v. United States
US.3.5 Analyze how key military leaders, innovations in military technology, and major events affected the outcome of WWI • new
weapons (airplanes, automatic weapons, poison gas, tanks)
• trench warfare
• Gen. John Pershing
• Bolshevik Revolution
• entry of American Expeditionary Force
US.3.6 Describe the goals of political leaders at the Paris Peace Conference and analyze the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles
• Big Four
• self-determination
• return to isolationism
• Fourteen Points
• reparations
• League of Nations
• war guilt clause
Standard 4 – Becoming a World Power through World War II
US.4.1 Use examples to show how population shifts, artistic movements, Prohibition, and the women’s movement of the Roaring
Twenties were a reflection of and a reaction to changes in American society
• Great Migration
• women’s changing roles
• bootlegging
• Harlem Renaissance
• Equal Rights Amendment
• organized crime
• Jazz Age
• flappers
US.4.2 Examine the economic policies, attacks on civil liberties, and the presidential administrations of the 1920s and explain how
each reflected a return to isolationism
• the First Red Scare
• Sacco and Vanzetti Trial
• Marcus Garvey
• immigration quotas
• anti-lynching campaign
• Warren Harding and “normalcy”
• nativism
• Jim Crow laws
• Calvin Coolidge
• Palmer Raids
• Ku Klux Klan
• laissez-faire
US.4.3 Describe the impact of major technological innovations and scientific theories of the 1920s on American society
• Scopes
Trial
• assembly line
• Henry Ford
• effects of automobiles on society
• electrical appliances (refrigerators,
vacuum cleaners, washing machines)
• growth of consumer economy
(advertising, buying on credit)
• airplane
• growth of national culture
• motion pictures
• radio
US.4.4 Examine the causes of the Great Depression and its effects on the American people, and evaluate how the Hoover
administration responded to this crisis
• unequal distribution of wealth
• weaknesses in agricultural sector
• stock market crash
• dust bowl
• overproduction
• bank failures
• psychological effects
• consumer debt
• unemployment
• Bonus Army
• speculation
• underconsumption
• Hoovervilles
• buying on margin
• Hawley-Smoot tariff
• Reconstruction Finance Corporation
4.5 Classify the key New Deal programs according to Relief, Recovery, and Reform programs and describe their impact on the social,
economic, and political structure of the United States
• Civilian Conservation Corps
• Agricultural Adjustment
• Securities and Exchange
• Social Security Act
Administration
Commission
• Supreme Court packing plan
• Tennessee Valley Authority
• Black Cabinet
• critics of New Deal (Father
• Federal Deposit Insurance
• Works Progress Administration
Coughlin, Huey Long)
Corporation
• National Labor Relations
• limitations of New Deal
Act/Wagner Act
US.4.6 Examine the causes of World War II and explain the reasons for U.S. entry into the war
• fascism
• Nazism
• Munich Conference
• totalitarianism
• Axis power aggression
• Treaty of Versailles
• Non-Aggression Pact
• appeasement
• U.S. isolationism
• Neutrality Acts
• “Four Freedoms” speech
• Lend-Lease Act
• Pearl Harbor
US.4.7 Explain how the U.S. government financed World War II, managed the economy, and encouraged public support for the war
effort
• Office of War Mobilization
• patriotic activities
• victory gardens
• Office of Price Administration
• propaganda
• war bond drives
• deficit spending
• rationing
US.4.8 Examine the role of minority groups, including women, on the home front and in the military and describe how it changed
their status in society
• Rosie the Riveter
• Tuskegee Airmen
• Japanese internment
• Double V Campaign
• code talkers
• Korematsu v. United States
• Executive Order 8802
• 1943 repeal of Chinese Exclusion
• Congress of Racial Equality
Act
• A. Philip Randolph
• Zoot-Suit Riots of 1943
US.4.9 Analyze the major events, turning points, and key strategic decisions of World War II and describe how they affected the
outcome of the war
• Battle of the Atlantic
• Battle of Okinawa
• war conferences (Potsdam, Tehran,
• Battle of Stalingrad
• island hopping
Yalta)
• North Africa Campaign
• kamikaze pilots
• Holocaust
• D-Day
• Manhattan Project
• Nuremberg Trials
• Battle of Midway
• dropping of atomic bombs on Japan
US.4.10 Describe how key political and military leaders affected the outcome of World War II and led to the beginning of the Cold
War
• Atlantic Charter
• Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower
• Harry S. Truman
• the Big Three (Roosevelt, Churchill,
• Gen. Douglas MacArthur
• founding of the United Nations
Stalin)
• Adm. Chester Nimitz
Standard 5 – Cold War Era
US.5.1 Analyze the impact of U.S. domestic and foreign policy on Cold War events during the 1940s and 1950s and explain how
these policies attempted to contain the spread of communism
• containment
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization
• House Un-American Activities
• deterrence
• Warsaw Pact
Committee
• domino theory
• China (Chang Kai-shek/Mao
• Hollywood Ten
• brinkmanship
Zedong)
• Taft-Hartley Act of 1947
• “Iron Curtain” speech
• Korean War
• Fair Deal
• Truman Doctrine
• Suez Crisis
• McCarthyism
• Marshall Plan
• Sputnik
• military-industrial complex
• Berlin airlift
• the Second Red Scare
US.5.2 Cite evidence that links domestic events and foreign policies of the 1960s and 1970s to escalating Cold War tensions
• foreign policies of Kennedy,
• Limited Test Ban Treaty
• President Nixon travels to China
Johnson, Nixon, and Carter
• domino theory
• détente
• space race
• Vietnam War (Gulf of Tonkin
• Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
• U-2 incident
Resolution, Tet Offensive, My Lai
• cultural and athletic competitions
• Bay of Pigs invasion
Massacre, Vietnamization, Cambodia,
• Cuban Missile Crisis
War Powers Act)
• Berlin Wall
• silent majority
US.5.3 Explain how the post-war social movements caused change by analyzing the methods used by the leaders, the effectiveness of
legislation, and the impact of key events
• baby boomers
• Students for a Democratic Society
National Organization for Women,
• GI Bill
• Democratic Party Convention of
opposition to the women’s rights
• counterculture
1968
movement)
• Great Society programs (War on
• anti-war protests (Jackson State,
• environmental movement
Poverty, Medicaid, Medicare,
Kent State)
• American Indian movement
education, Dept. of Housing and
• women’s rights movement (Betty
• Cesar Chavez
Urban Development)
Friedan, Equal Rights Amendment,
US.5.4 Describe the role and importance of the civil rights movement in the expansion of opportunities for African Americans in the
United States
• National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
• Brown v. Board of Education
• New Orleans school integration
• Voting Rights Act of 1965
• massive resistance
crisis
• Malcolm X
• Rosa Parks
• Freedom Rides
• black power
• Montgomery Bus Boycott
• integration of the University of
• Black Panther Party
• Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Mississippi (James Meredith)
• race riots (Harlem, Watts)
• Southern Christian Leadership
• “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
• de jure vs. de facto segregation
Conference
• March on Washington of 1963
• desegregation busing
• Little Rock Nine
• Twenty-Fourth Amendment
• affirmative action
• lunch counter sit-ins
• Freedom Summer
• Student Nonviolent Coordinating
• Civil Rights Act of 1964
Committee
• Selma Marches
US.5.5 Explain how the leaders’ personalities, events, and policies of the 1980s combined to bring about an end to the Cold War
• Mikhail Gorbachev
• Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces
• perestroika
• Ronald Reagan
Treaty
• German reunification
• Poland’s Solidarity movement
• Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties
• Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
• Strategic Defense Initiative
• glasnost
• dissolution of the Soviet Union
Standard 6 – The Modern Age
US.6.1 Compare and contrast the domestic policies of the post-Cold War presidencies
• Bill Clinton
• 1988 “read my lips” campaign
• George W. Bush
promise
• Barack Obama
• effects of the North American Free
• the Religious Right
Trade Agreement
• George H. W. Bush
• 1993 failure of health care vs. 2010
passage of health care
• Contract with America of 1994
• federal government shutdown of
1995–1996
• Clinton impeachment
• election of 2000
• Bush tax cuts of 2001 and 2003
• election of 2008
US.6.2 Describe advances in medicine, technology, and the media during the modern era and explain how these advances have altered
society
• AIDS research
• stem cell research
• cell phone and smart phone
• breakthroughs in genetic research
• genetically modified food
• digital divide
(Human Genome Project)
• personal computer
• social media
• cancer research
• the Internet
US.6.3 Trace the evolution of United States relationships with Middle East countries and explain how these interactions have defined
our image in the region
• Afghanistan
• Organization of Petroleum Exporting
• Persian Gulf War
• Egypt
Countries
• war in Afghanistan
• Iran
• Arab-Israeli Conflict
• war in Iraq
• Iraq
• oil embargo of 1973
• Axis of Evil
• Israel
• Camp David Accords
• Arab Spring
• Palestinian Liberation Organization
• oil crisis of 1979
• weapons of mass destruction
• Iran hostage crisis
US.6.4 Describe events that changed American people’s perceptions of government over time
• Vietnam War
• Clarence Thomas Supreme Court
• Pentagon Papers
nomination hearing
• Watergate scandal
• “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy
• Love Canal
• Clinton impeachment
• Iran-Contra Affair
• presidential election of 2000
• response to 9/11 attacks
• wars in Iraq and Afghanistan
• response to Hurricane Katrina
• federal debt
US.6.5 Identify landmark Supreme Court decisions from the Warren Court to the present, categorize the ideology of the decisions, and
assess the impact on political and social institutions
• Engel v. Vitale
• New York Times Co. v. Sullivan
• Miranda v. Arizona
• Gideon v. Wainwright
• Reynolds v. Sims
• Roe v. Wade
• Escobedo v. Illinois
• Griswold v. Connecticut
US.6.6 Trace the rise in domestic and foreign terrorism and analyze its effect on America’s way of life
• Oklahoma City bombing
• USS Cole bombing
• weapons of mass destruction
• Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, detention
• September 11, 2001
• Department of Homeland Security
camp
• al-Qaeda
• Transportation Security
• Osama bin Laden
Administration
• Taliban
• Patriot Act