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Ancient China
Chapter 7 section 1
Geography and Early China
1. What were ancient China’s two
great rivers?
• The Huang He and the Chang Jiang
2. Why is the Huang He
sometimes called China’s Sorrow?
• It often floods, killing people and
destroying land
3. Which region in ancient China
do you think would have been the
hardest place to live and why?
• Possible answers:
– The desert because it does not have water
and is hot
– The mountains because it is hard to travel
and it is cold
4. How did the floods along the
rivers help the Chinese?
• They deposited fertile silt, making the land
ideal for farming
5. What information have burial
sites provided about the culture of
early China?
• Information about works of art, differences
in social order, and possibly belief in an
6. Why do you think some of the
homes of the ancient Chinese were
partially underground?
• Possible answer:
– To keep them cool; to protect from wind
7. According to ancient stories,
what was the first Chinese dynasty,
and who was its founder?
• Xia dynasty; Yu the Great
8. Why were the ancient stories
about the Xia rulers important?
• Explained geography that influenced lives
and told of kings who helped people solve
problems by working together
9. What advances were made
during the Shang dynasty
- China’s 1st writing system
- use of oracle bones
- war chariots
- use of bronze
- development of a calendar
Oracle bone
Fragment of a
ancient Chinese
10. How difficult would daily life
have been for farmers during the
Shang dynasty?
• Farmers worked hard, had little money,
and occupied a low social rank