Download Modernization of Japan

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Nanban trade wikipedia, lookup

Statism in Shōwa Japan wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
WORD WALL
QUESTION
Choose three words from the
word wall. Explain how those
three words relate to each other
on the power point handout.
Boxer soldiers
Partner Questions
Describe the
Boxer Rebellion.
1) Why did the
Boxers start a
rebellion?
2) What was the
goal of the
Boxers?
Troops of the Eight nation alliance in 1900.
Left to right: Britain, United States, Australian,
British India, Germany, France, Austria-Hungary,
Italy, Japan
An international force put down the Chinese Boxer
Rebellion.
MODERNIZATION
OF JAPAN
Objective: Explain the
global impact of
Imperialism including:
Modernization of Japan
GLOBAL IMPACT OF IMPERIALISM
Western powers also radically
altered countries that they never
officially colonized.
Two of these are Japan and China.
PARTNER QUESTION
What was the Chinese response to
imperialism? [Hint: Yesterday’s
Reading Guide]
MODERNIZATION OF
JAPAN
The Japanese have a reputation for adopting other cultures and
turning them to an advantage.
If so, this may explain why contact with the West strengthened
that country in some important ways.
JAPAN’S FEUDAL SOCIETY
In the 1600s, Japan had cut itself off from most
of the world.
From about 1185 through the mid-1800s, Japan
was organized into a feudal society, much like
those in medieval Europe.
A feudal society is one in which local lords
govern their own lands, but owe loyalty and
military services to a higher lord.
PARTNER QUESTIONS
1) How were the Japanese similar to
the Chinese before imperialist
nations wanted to trade?
2) Explain the Japanese feudal
society.
JAPAN’S FEUDAL
SOCIETY
In Japan, the highest lord was the shogun, or military dictator,
who gave land to local lords known as daimyo in exchange for
their loyalty.
Various families controlled the shogunate (dynasty) over the
centuries.
The most famous family was the Tokugawa.
Members of this family ruled Japan from about 1603 to
1868.
4 Generations of Tokugawa
Tokugawa Period
Partner Question
Explain the
relationship
between the shogun
and daimyo.
JAPAN’S FEUDAL SOCIETY
The local lords maintained order in their lands through
the services of warriors known as samurai.
The emperor of Japan was a ceremonial leader having
no political power.
The majority of Japanese at this time were farmers.
(1600s to 1800s)
Samurai Suit in Tokugawa Museum
PARTNER QUESTIONS
1) Before imperialism, what type of
economy did Japan have?
2) Infer what you believe Japan’s initial
response will be to imperialist nations?
Similar or different to China?
WORD WALL
QUESTION
1) Which two countries in Asia were
influenced by imperialism, but never
officially colonized?
2) Explain how the shogun and daimyo are
related. Think Japanese Feudal Society.
China’s Response to Imperialism???
WESTERN INFLUENCE
The Industrial Revolution and the resulting imperialist
pressures of the 19 th century ended Japan’s isolation.
In 1853, U.S. warships under the command of Matthew
Perry sailed into Tokyo Harbor.
WESTERN INFLUENCE
The Japanese marveled at these steam-powered, ironclad ships
armed with cannon.
Perry presented the Japanese with a letter from U.S. President
Franklin Pierce, requesting that Japan allow U.S. ships to trade in
Japanese ports.
Perry said he would return for an answer.
WESTERN INFLUENCE
After seeing Perry’s ships the Japanese realize that
they would be unable to resist the military and
industrial power of the United States.
In 1854, Japan and the United States signed a
treaty to open Japan to U.S. trade.
Other nations soon followed the United States in
establishing trade and diplomatic relations with
Japan.
SHIFT OF POWER IN JAPAN
In 1868, the Sat-Cho (an alliance of daimyo
and samurai in Japan’s southern provinces of
Satsuma and Choshu) overthrew the Tokugawa
shogun’s government.
At first, this group was opposed to opening Japan
to trade.
Its members soon realized, however, that Japan
could not stand up to Western nations without
developing its own industrial and military power.
PARTNER
QUESTIONS
1) What is the Sat-Cho?
2) How did the SatCho’s view of trade
change overtime?
INDUSTRIALIZATION IN
JAPAN
What is the term for the growth of cities?
SHIFT OF POWER IN JAPAN
The Sat-Cho decided to support the 15 year old
Emperor Mutsuhito.
Mutsuhito called his reign Meiji, which means
“enlightened rule.”
SHIFT OF POWER IN JAPAN
However, the real power lay with the
Sat-Cho.
They succeeded in transforming Japan
from an isolated feudal society into a
modern industrial power.
This period is called the Meiji
Restoration.
PARTNER QUESTION
Describe the Meiji
Restoration period.
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
The Meiji leaders studied the institutions of
Western countries for ways to reform and
modernize Japan.
They organized a new centralized government
with a legislative branch and a strong executive
branch like Germany’s. [Democratic Ideas]
They took the United States’ public education
system as a model for their own.
PARTNER QUESTION
The Meiji restoration began the
change of political systems in
Japan.
Before________=Leads to_________
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
To make their military resemble the armed forces
of the West, they expanded it and outfitted it
with modern equipment, including new
battleships.
All Japanese men had to serve in the armed
forces for three years.
Like Western capitalists, they built factories and
then sold them to investors.
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
A national railroad system was built to carry
goods and workers to the new factories.
Under Meiji Rule, Japan rapidly became an
industrial society and important worldtrading partner.
AGREE/DISAGREE
Transportation systems play
an important role for a society
to industrialize.
Thumbs Up=Agree
Thumps Down=Disagree
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
Based on observations of Western nations, Japan
decided that it, too, could benefit from a colonial
empire.
The Japanese islands lacked petroleum and iron
ore as well as other natural resources necessary
for industry.
The Japanese also wanted more land for an
expanding population.
PARTNER QUESTION
Why did Japan want to
imperialize/colonize?
[2 Reasons]
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan fought two
wars over Korea—one with China and one with Russia.
Japan won both wars.
The victory over Russia established Japan as world
power.
Japan controlled Taiwan, Manchuria, Korea, and several
islands off the coasts of China and Russia.
WESTERNIZATION OF JAPAN
Russo-Japanese War
Sino-Japanese War
Japanese Imperialism
Japanese Empire in Blue
END
STOP
GLOBAL IMPACT OF IMPERIALISM
Those countries that they did colonize are still badly
damaged by the experience.
In Africa today, people still feel the effects of the 19 th
century imperialism.
Although former colonies have been freed, many
inhabitants cannot shake off the sense of inferiority and
anger that colonial rulers imposed on them.
Hollywood
Vs.
Real Life
Hollywood
Vs.
Real Life