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Copy the following onto the top
third of NB p. 35.
Class Notes 7.4
American Victory
Copy the following onto the bottom
two-thirds of NB p. 35.
Terms of the
Treaty of Paris
Costs of the War
Issues After the
Lesson 7.4a: The
of the War
Today we will describe
the circumstances
surrounding the end of
the Revolutionary War.
• circumstances – events or conditions
related to another event
• motivation – the reason for someone to
• interior – the part of a country that is
away from the coast
• foreign aid – help provided by another
Check for Understanding
• What are going to do today?
• What were the circumstances surrounding
the last time you received a gift?
• Name a major city that is found in the interior
of the United States.
• What is one kind of foreign aid the United
States provides to other countries?
• What is your motivation for doing well in
What We Already Know
In 1781, Lord Cornwallis surrendered to
Washington at Yorktown, effectively
ending the Revolutionary War.
What We Already Know
Without the
military and
financial support
of France,
victory at
Yorktown would
not have been
Rochambeau and Washington
What We Already Know
Loyalists frequently faced harassment and
even violence at the hands of Patriots.
Why the Americans Won
• In November 1783, the last British ships and
troops left New York City, and American
troops marched in.
• Weeping, Washington said good-bye to his
officers in a New York tavern.
• The Americans had won independence even
though they faced many obstacles.
Why the Americans Won
• The Continentals
lacked training,
experience, supplies,
and weapons.
• The British forces
ranked among the best
trained in the world.
• They British had
experience and good
• Yet, the Americans had
four advantages over
the British.
Better Leadership
• British generals were overconfident
and made poor decisions.
• By contrast, Washington learned
from his mistakes.
Better Leadership
• After early defeats,
he developed the
strategy of
dragging out the
war to wear down
the British.
• Despite many
difficulties, he
never gave up.
Foreign Aid
• Britain’s rivals, especially France,
helped America.
• Foreign loans and military aid were
essential to America’s victory.
Knowledge of the Land
• The Americans knew the land where the war
took place and used that knowledge well.
• The British could control coastal cities but
could not extend their control to the interior.
Better Motivation
• The Americans had more reason to fight.
• At stake were not only their lives but also
their property and their dream of liberty.
Get your whiteboards
and markers ready!
13. What advantages enabled the
Americans to win the Revolutionary
A. Better leadership
B. A well-trained, well-equipped army
C. Knowledge of the land
D. Large numbers of Indian allies
E. Foreign aid
F. High motivation
Choose all that are true!
The Treaty of Paris
• The Treaty of Paris of 1783 was the peace
treaty that ended the Revolutionary War.
• It included six principal conditions.
The Treaty of Paris
• The United States
was an independent
• Its boundaries were
the Mississippi
River to the west,
Canada to the
north, and Spanish
Florida to the
The Treaty of Paris
This meant Britain would have to surrender its
forts between the Ohio River and the Great Lakes.
The Treaty of Paris
The United States would
receive the right to fish
in the Atlantic Ocean off
Canada’s coast.
The Treaty of Paris
• Each side would pay
its debts to the other.
• The British would
return any slaves they
had captured.
• Congress would tell
the states to return
property they had
seized from Loyalists.
The Treaty of Paris
• Neither country lived up to the treaty.
• Americans did not repay prewar debts to
British merchants or return Loyalist property.
• The British did not return slaves, and did not
give up forts in the Great Lakes area.
Get your whiteboards
and markers ready!
14. What were the conditions
of the Treaty of Paris?
A. The boundaries of the United States would be
the Mississippi River, Canada, and Spanish
B. The United States would give up its rights to
fish off Canada's coast.
C. Each side promised to pay its debts.
D. Britain would return runaway slaves to Africa.
E. Congress would recommend that the states
return properties to Loyalists.
Choose all that are true!
Costs of the War
• No one knows exactly how many people
died in the war, but eight years of fighting
took a terrible toll.
• The British had about 10,000 military deaths.
Costs of the War
• An estimated 25,700 Americans died in the war.
• About 1,400 were missing, and another 8,200
were wounded.
• Many of the wounded had permanent
disabilities, such as amputated limbs.
Costs of the War
• Many soldiers who
survived the war left
the army with no
• They had received
little or no pay for
their service.
Costs of the War
• Instead of back pay,
the government gave
some soldiers
certificates for land in
the West.
• Many men sold that
land to get money for
food and other basic
Costs of the War
Both the Congress and the
individual states had borrowed
money to finance the conflict.
Costs of the War
• Some of the money had
been borrowed from
foreign countries, and
the rest from private
• The war left the nation
with a debt of about $27
Costs of the War
• Thousands of
Loyalists lost their
land and personal
• Between 60,000 and
100,000 Loyalists
left the United
States, including
several thousand
African Americans
and Native
Costs of the War
• Most Loyalists went to
Canada where they
created new towns and
new provinces.
• They also brought
English traditions to
areas that had originally
been settled by French
Get your whiteboards
and markers ready!
What were the major
economic costs of the war?
A. Many soldiers without pay and facing
huge debt after the war
B. A national debt of $27 million in war
C. Money paid to Loyalists for damages
to their property
D. A $45 million owed to Britain as
payment for western land
E. Debts from borrowing money from
foreign countries and private citizens
Choose all that are true!
15. How did the end of the war
affect Loyalists?
A. Thousands lost land and personal
B. Most left North America and settled in
C. Thousands left the United States.
D. They were banned from serving in the
new United States government.
E. Thousands sold their land to get money
for food and other basic needs.
Choose all that are true!