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The Battle Of Chickamauga
Nick Antalis
• The Battle of Chickamauga
was fought September 19–20,
• The battle was the most
significant Union defeat in the
Western Theater of the
American Civil War
• Also, the battle involved the
second highest number of
casualties in the war following
the Battle of Gettysburg.
• The battle was fought between
the Union Army of the
Cumberland under Major
General William Rosecrans
and the Confederate army of
Tennessee under General
Braxton Bragg.
After his successful Tullahoma
Campaign, Rosecrans renewed the
offensive, aiming to force the
Confederates out of Chattanooga.
In early September, Rosecrans
consolidated his forces scattered in
Tennessee and Georgia and forced
Bragg's army out of Chattanooga,
heading south.
The Union troops followed it and
brushed with it at Davis's Cross
Bragg was determined to reoccupy
Chattanooga and decided to meet a
part of Rosecrans's army, defeat it,
and then move back into the city.
On September 17 he headed north,
intending to attack the isolated XXI
As Bragg marched north on
September 18, his cavalry and
infantry fought with Union cavalry
and mounted infantry, which were
armed with Spencer repeating rifles.
The battle was fought Catoosa County and
Walker County in Georgia
The fighting began in earnest on the morning of
September 19.
Bragg’s men strongly assaulted, but could not
break the union line.
The next day, Bragg resumed his assault.
In late morning, Rosecrans was misinformed
that he had a gap in his line. In moving units to
shore up the supposed gap, Rosecrans
accidentally created an actual gap, directly in
the path of an eight-brigade assault on a narrow
front by Confederate Lt. Gen. James Longstreet.
Longstreet's attack drove one-third of the Union
army, including Rosecrans himself, from the
Union units spontaneously rallied to create a
defensive line on Horseshoe Ridge, forming a
new right wing for the line of Maj. Gen. George
H. Thomas, who assumed overall command of
remaining forces.
Although the Confederates launched costly and
determined assaults, Thomas and his men held
until twilight.
Union forces then retired to Chattanooga while
the Confederates occupied the surrounding
heights, besieging the city.
The Confederates ended up winning the battle.
The End