Download Georgia History CRCT review reg

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Conclusion of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

United States presidential election, 1860 wikipedia, lookup

Mississippi in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Military history of African Americans in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Georgia (U.S. state) wikipedia, lookup

Issues of the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Georgia in the American Civil War wikipedia, lookup

Georgia History
CRCT Review
Q: What form the barrier between
the mainland and the ocean?
A: Barrier Islands
Name a region Georgia belongs to.
A: South, Deep South, Southeast
Q: What continent is Georgia
A: North America
Q: What two hemispheres is
Georgia located in?
A: Northern and Western
Q: What are the 5 geographic
regions of Georgia?
A: Blue Ridge, Appalachian
Plateau, Ridge and Valley, Coastal
Plain, and Piedmont
Q: Name this region: Located in
the N.E. corner of Georgia,
electricity created through
hydroelectric power
A: Blue Ridge
Q: Name this region: Very poor
farming due to sandy soil, located
in the N.E. corner, Chickamauga,
and Lookout Valley
A: Appalachian Plateau
Q: Name this region: rich soil,
fruits, grains, and vegetables are
grown here, textile and carpet
A: Ridge and Valley
Q: Name this region: located in
central Georgia, ½ the population
lives here, Atlanta, Athens,
Augusta, Columbus, Macon,
A: Piedmont
Q: Name this region: makes up
almost half of the state, soybeans,
peanuts, tobacco, onions, sweet
potatoes, and watermelons are
grown here, popular vacation
destination (beach resorts).
A: Coastal Plain
Q: This is the prehistoric ocean
line. It separates the Piedmont
and Coastal Plain. There are many
rivers and waterfalls located along
A: The Fall Line
Q: Name this landmark: Home to
more than 400 species of animals,
largest swamp in North America,
National Wildlife Refuge. Helps to
keep the ecosystem healthy.
A: The Okefenokee Swamp
Q: What region is the Okefenokee
Swamp located in?
A: Coastal Plain
Q: Which region are the
Appalachian Mountains located?
A: Blue Ridge
Q: The highest point in Georgia is
______ _______.
A: Brasstown Bald
Q: The _____ River forms the
boundary between Georgia and
South Carolina.
A: Savannah
Q: What country is Georgia located
A: United States
Q: Which region gets the most
A: Blue Ridge
Q: Which two regions are most
humid and tropical?
A: Piedmont and Coastal Plain
Q: Name the 3 interstates that go
through Atlanta.
A: 20, 75, and 85
Q: What is the name of the airport
in Atlanta?
A: Hartsfield-Jackson
International Airport
Q: The airport was named in part
after Maynard Jackson Who was
A: The first black mayor of a major
southern city.
Q: Where are the two deepwater
ports located?
A: Savannah and Brunswick
Q: What is the state’s largest
A: Hartsfield-Jackson
International Airport
Q: Why was Georgia’s interstate
highway system built?
A: To move goods through the
Q: The first humans came from
what continent?
A: Asia
Q: They came in search of what?
A: food, such as wooly mammoths,
mastodons, caribou, and moose
Q: The first inhabitants of North
America came across the _____
A: Bering Strait (Beringia)
Q: What were the 4 prehistoric
periods (in order)?
A: Paleo, Archaic, Woodland, and
Q: Name the prehistoric period:
Wooly mammoths, Ice Age, atlatl
A: Paleo
Q: Name the prehistoric period:
big game animals became extinct,
hunters and gatherers, spears,
stone scrapers, pottery
A: Archaic
Q: Name this period: nomads,
small villages, agriculture, wattle
and daub homes, clothing from
deerskin, tattooed and body paint,
bow and arrow, burial mounds
A: Mississippian
Q: What crops were known as the
Three Sisters?
A: corn, squash, and beans
Q: Who am I? He came to America
in search of gold, he was the first
European to see the interior of the
southeast, he spread disease
throughout the Native American
population, died before finding
any riches.
A: Hernando de Soto
Q: How did Queen Elizabeth I
create British naval dominance?
A: by conquering the Spanish
Q: Why were Spanish missions
A: to spread Catholicism
Q: Who am I? A British soldier,
member of British Parliament,
interested in prison reform,
founder of Georgia
A: James Oglethorpe
Q: What type of colony did Georgia
start out as?
A: Trustee colony
Q: What year was Georgia
A: 1732
Q: Why was Georgia created?
A: To give the poor a new start
and to allow religious freedom
Q: True or False: According to the
Charter of 1732, trustees could
not hold office or land in Georgia.
A: True
Q: Who am I? Chief of the
Yamacraw Indians, played an
important role in creating peace
between the Europeans and Native
Americans in Georgia
A: Tomochichi
Q: Who am I? daughter of an
English trader and a Creek Indian
who used her British and Native
American heritage to protect the
Native Americans
A: Mary Musgrove
Q: A group of Protestants who
were expelled from Austria
because they were not Catholic.
King George II allowed them to
move to Georgia.
A: Salzburgers
Q: Where in Georgia did the
Salburgers settle?
A: Ebenezer
Q: Who were they? Scottish
settlers who moved to Georgia.
They founded Darien. They asked
the trustees to keep the ban on
A: Highland Scots
Q: Who were they? A group of
Scottish settlers who opposed the
ban on slavery.
A: Malcontents
Q: What was the name of the fort
that was designed to protect
Georgia’s southeastern border?
A: Fort Frederica
Q: Georgia began as a ______
colony, but it ended as a _______
A: Trustee, Royal
Q: True or False. Slavery was
allowed during the beginning of
the Trustee period but not the
A: False. It was prohibited until
Q: What crop was produced in the
royal period?
A: Rice
Q: What happened to Georgia in
A: It became a royal colony.
Q: Why were landowners during
the royal colony time frame
required to have a servant or farm
member for every 50 acres of
A: To ensure defense of the land.
Q: The French and Indian War was
between what two countries?
A: France and Great Britain
Q: What did the Proclamation of
1763 do for the Native Americans?
A: It reserved land west of the
Appalachian Mountains for Native
American tribes. Colonists in this
area were forced to leave.
Q: What act set a tax on all legal
documents, permits, commercial
contacts, newspapers, pamphlets,
and playing cards?
A: The Stamp Act of 1765
Q: The four laws passed as a
result of the Boston Tea Party
were the _________ Acts.
A: Intolerable
Q: What were the four laws?
A: closed the Boston Harbor,
cancelled the Massachusetts royal
charter, allowed British officials
charged with offenses in the
colonies to be tried in England,
and the fourth allowed British
troops to live in colonists’ homes
Q: Why did the British tax goods in
the colonies?
A: To pay back war debt
Q: List in order the following
events: Stamp Act, Sugar Act,
Intolerable Acts, Second
Continental Congress
A: Sugar Act, Stamp Act,
Intolerable Acts, Second
Continental Congress
Q: What document was approved
at the Second Continental
A: Declaration of Independence
Q: There were three signers from
Georgia. Who were they?
A: Lyman Hall, Button Gwinnett,
George Walton
Q: The colonist who rebelled
against British rule were called
A: Patriots
Q:The colonists that were loyal to
Britain were called ______.
A: Loyalists
Q: Name this Revolutionary figure:
leader at the Battle of Kettle
Creek, patriot,
A: Elijah Clarke
Q: Name this Revolutionary figure:
A slave who fought in the war.
Was severely wounded after being
shot in the leg at the Battle of
Kettle Creek. Was awarded
freedom and land.
A: Austin Dabney
Q: Name this female Revolutionary
hero: spy and faithful patriot. She
held a group of Tories at musket
point until help arrived.
A: Nancy Hart
Q: In February of 1779, Georgia’s
patriot militia (made up of
civilians, not professional
soldiers) won a key victory at the
battle of ______ ______.
A: Kettle Creek
Q: The Siege of _________ ended
with the French navy sailing away
and Lincoln’s troops withdrawing
in defeat.
A: Savannah
Q: What country was an ally to the
Patriots during the Siege of
A: France
Q: The first state Constitution was
written in _____?
A: 1777
Q: The Articles of Confederation
created one body, called _____,
with authority over all the
A: Congress
Q: True or False: The Articles of
Confederation did not give
Congress the power to tax the
A: True
Q: What document was written at
the Constitutional Convention of
A: Constitution of the United
States of America
Q: The _____ _____ created a
bicameral Congress, one with 2
A: Great Compromise
Q: The number of people in the
House of Representatives would
be decided by the ________ of
each state.
A: population
Q: In the Senate, each state has
__ representatives.
A: 2
Q: What fraction of slaves would
be counted toward
A: three-fifths
Q: Abraham Baldwin and William
Few signed the ________.
A: The Constitution
Q: Georgia was the ___ state to
ratify the Constitution.
A: 4th
Q: The Bill of Rights is the first __
A: 10
Q: The freedom of speech,
religion, and the press were
guaranteed in which amendment
of the Constitution?
A: 1st
Q: What was the first public
university in the U.S.? It was the
first school open to lower income
A: The University of Geogia
Q: After the Revolutionary War,
the state’s capital was moved to
A: Louisville
Q: True or False: The Second Great
Awakening was a political
A: False. It was a religious
Q: True or False: The Georgia
Baptist Convention unified
Baptists under one organization.
Q: What Georgia religious group
used camp meeting grounds the
A: Methodists
Q: The _______ _______ granted
between 200 and 1000 acres of
land to the heads of families.
A: Headright System
Q: As part of the agreement that
reversed the Yazoo land sale, the
US government promised to help
remove the remaining ____
A: Creek
Q: The ____ _____ was restricted
to white men, orphans, and
widows. Under this system
Georgians paid an average of 7
cents per acre.
A: land lottery
Q: The ____ ____ was invented by
Eli Whitney. It was a machine
that removed the seeds from
A: cotton gin
Q: Which Georgia governor signed
the Yazoo Act?
A: George Matthews
Q: Who am I? Son of a European
settler and a Creek Indian.
Worked to centralize power within
Creek society and to protect Creek
lands more effectiviely.
A: Alexander McGillivray
Q: Who am I? son of a European
settler and a Native American.
Created a police force, written
laws, and a National Assembly for
Creek Nation.
A: William McIntosh
Q: Which tribe adopted a
republican government, a
syllabary, and adapted the
quickest to the European ways?
A: Cherokee Indians
Q: Who created the Cherokee
syllabary allowing the Cherokee to
read and write?
A: Sequoyah
Q: Who was the principal chief of
the Cherokee?
A: John Ross
Q: What was discovered in
Dahlonega in 1829 increasing the
desire of the settlers for the
removal of Native Americans from
this region?
A: gold
Q: Who was president? He pushed
an Indian Removal Bill through
A: Andrew Jackson
Q: Who am I? Chief justice of the
Supreme Court that decided the
Cherokee were a “domestic
dependent nation”
A: John Marshall
Q: _____ vs. Georgia decided that
the Cherokee were a sovereign
nation, which should be allowed to
rule itself. Georgia refused to
recognize the ruling.
A: Worchester
Q: The removal of the Cherokee
Indians to Oklahoma is known as
____ _____ __ _____.
A: The Trail of Tears
Q: What is the belief that states
are sovereign, subject to no
higher power than the
Constitution, known as? The South
favored it.
A: states’ rights
Q: The ____ War was fought over
the issue of secession.
A: Civil
Q: The __________ Compromise
decided that Maine would be
admitted as a free state and
Missouri would be admitted as a
_____ state.
A: Missouri, slave
Q: The Compromise of 1850
allowed California to enter the
Union as a ____ state. In return,
Congress enacted the _____ Slave
A: free, Fugitive
Q: What was the Fugitive Slave
A: It required all free states to
return escaped slaves to their
owners in southern states.
Q: The ______ _______ wanted
the North to support the Fugitive
Slave Act and to stop trying to ban
slavery in new states.
A: Georgia Platform
Q: Alexander ______ was one of
three representatives from
Georgia who supported the Union
A: Stephens
Q: When the territories of Kansas
and Nebraska were created,
voters would decide whether
_____ would be permitted.
A: slavery
Q: When abolitionists and those in
favor of slavery rushed to Kansas,
their raids were so savage that
the area became known as
“______ Kansas”.
A: Bleeding
Q: Missouri’s law stated than once
a man was free for any amount of
time, he was free for life. ____
____ went to court in Missouri to
win his freedom. The Supreme
Court ruled against him.
A: Dred Scott
Q: After the Dred Scott case, a
new political party was created.
Which party was it?
A: Republican
Q: What stance on slavery did the
party take?
A: It was anti-slavery
Q: Who was the first Republican
A: Abraham Lincoln
Q: Abraham Lincoln won the
Election of ____ without support
of the southern states.
A: 1860
Q: _____ is the withdrawal of a
state from the Union.
A: Secession
Q: The Battle of ____ was one of
the bloodiest battles of the Civil
War. The Union stopped the
Confederate army from advancing
to Washington, D.C.. Lee’s army
was able to escape to Virginia.
A: Antietam
Q: The ________ _______
announced the emancipation of
A: Emancipation Proclamation
Q: Why did the Confederate
government believe it held no
A: They had already seceded the
Union and no longer had to follow
Union laws.
Q: The Battle of _____ was the
greatest battle ever fought on the
continent of North America. The
Confederate army retreated.
Q: Gettysburg
Q: The Gettysburg _____, given by
Lincoln, urged the North to win
the war in order to preserve the
Union and the democratic ideals.
A small portion of the battlefield
was dedicated to fallen soldiers.
A: Address
Q: The Battle of ______ was
considered a Confederate victory
because they were able to keep
the Union in Chattanooga rather
than letting them proceed into
Georgia. The Union captured
Chattanooga however.
A: Chickamauga
Q: In Sherman’s ______ to the
Sea, General Sherman’s troops
burned Atlanta to the ground and
destroyed everything in their path
from Georgia to South Carolina.
A: March
Q: What was the name of the
Confederate prison in Georgia
used to house Union soldiers?
A: Andersonville
Q: The _____ Bureau helped
enslaved people. It provided food
and clothing, and built schools for
African Americans.
A: Freedmen’s
Q: _______ is when a person
plants crops on a landowner’s land
and paid the landowner a share of
the profit. This was the most
commonly used agricultural
working relationship between
whites and African Americans in
the South.
A: sharecropping
Q: Which amendment officially
ended slavery?
A: The 13th
Q: The 14th Amendment defines
U.S. citizenship and includes
newly freed _____.
A: slaves
Q: Which amendment states that
the right to vote cannot be denied
based on race, color, or previous
condition of servitude?
A: The 15th Amendment
Q: At this time, what was the
voting age?
A: 21
Q: True or False: At this time,
women could NOT vote.
A: True
Q: Renting small plots of land to
individual farmers was called
_____ farming.
A: tenant
Q: In order to be let back into the
Union, ___% of the voting
population had to promise to be
loyal to the Union. The state also
had to outlaw ______.
A: 10, slavery
Q: Who was Henry McNeal Turner?
A: He was an African American
elected to Georgia’s legislature.
Q: The ___ ____ ____ was a
terrorist group that targeted
blacks and often went out in robes
and hoods.
A: Ku Klux Klan
Q: _____ Democrats were
conservative Democrats.
A: Bourbon
Q: Who were the 3 members of
the Bourbon Triumvirate?
A: Alfred Colquitt, Joseph Brown,
and John Gordon.
Q: They wanted Georgia’s
economy to be industrialized, not
based solely on _______.
A: agriculture
Q:Who was the “Spokesman of the
New South”? He encouraged
northern investors to develop
industries in Georgia.
A: Henry Grady
Q: The _____ _____ was a fair to
bring money to Atlanta’s cotton
textile business.
A: Cotton Exposition
Q: Who was the leader of the
People’s Party?
A: Tom Watson
Q: The Populists’ were groups of
A: farmers
Q: Rebecca Latimer Felton helped
women win the right to ______.
She helped instate _____. She
was the first women to serve in
the U.S. _____.
A: vote, prohibition, Senate
Q: The Atlanta Riot of ____ was a
string of violent events by whites
against African Americans.
Dozens of African Americans were
A: 1906
Q: What rumors started these
A: African men were attacking
white women
Q: ____ ____ was a Jewish man
from Georgia who was lynched by
a mob because of anti-Semitism
even after an overturned guilty
verdict in a trial for murdering a
young girl he worked with.
A: Leo Frank